CARO (Computer Antivirus Research Organization) is an organization that was established in 1990 to research and study malware.
The organization is perhaps best known for the Virus Naming Convention of 1991 (with subsequent revisions). Though widely adopted, it still faced usage obstacles. This has led to proposal of new naming systems from product vendors and industry groups.
The annual workshop is the biggest CARO event. The workshop is usually organized and hosted by one anti-virus firm in their home country. Workshops started in 2007 and the attendance is limited to 120-130 top anti-malware experts with a strict policy of no photography or recordings of any kind:
- 2007: Reykjavik, Iceland (organized by F-Prot)
- 2008: Hoofddorp, the Netherlands (Norman)
- 2009: Budapest, Hungary (Virus Buster)
- 2010: Helsinki, Finland (F-Secure)
- 2011: Prague, Czech Republic (AVAST Software)
- 2012: Munich, Germany (Trend Micro and McAfee)
- 2013: Bratislava, Slovakia (ESET)
- 2014: Melbourne, USA (Florida Institute of Technology)
- 2015: Hamburg, Germany (Trend Micro)
EICAR test file
CARO, in collaboration with EICAR (European Institute for Computer Antivirus Research), is perhaps most notable for the EICAR test file: an innocent, executable string, designed to test the integrity of antivirus software.
Members, founders and not, of CARO includes: Friðrik Skúlason (founder of FRISK Software International), Dr. Alan Solomon (founder of Dr Solomon's Antivirus Toolkit), Vesselin Bontchev, Mikko Hyppönen (CRO of F-Secure), Eugene Kaspersky (founder of Kaspersky Lab), Nick FitzGerald, Peter Ferrie, Dmitry Gryaznov, Igor Muttik, Padgett Peterson, Costin Raiu, Morton Swimmer and Righard Zwienenberg.
- The CARO Website
- The CARO Malware Naming Scheme
- 2007 workshop in Reykjavik, Iceland
- 2008 workshop in Hoofddorp, the Netherlands
- 2009 workshop in Budapest, Hungary
- 2010 workshop in Helsinki, Finland
- 2011 workshop in Prague, Czech Republic
- 2012 workshop in Munich, Germany
- 2013 workshop in Bratislava, Slovakia
- 2014 workshop in Melbourne, USA
- 2015 workshop in Hamburg, Germany
- "What we detect » Classification". Kaspersky Lab SECURELIST. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Harley, David; Myers, Lysa; Willems, Eddy. "Test Files and Product Evaluation: the Case for and against Malware Simulation". AVAR2010 13th Association of anti Virus Asia Researchers International Conference. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- "CARO Members". CARO. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
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