EADS CASA C-295
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (January 2013)|
|A Polish Air Force C-295M.|
|Role||Transport aircraft/Maritime patrol aircraft|
|First flight||November 28, 1997|
|Primary users||Spanish Air Force
Portuguese Air Force
Brazilian Air Force
Polish Air Force
|Developed from||CASA CN-235|
Design and development
The C-295 is manufactured and assembled in the Airbus Military facilities in the San Pablo Airport, in Seville, Spain. It is a further development of the commercially successful Spanish – Indonesian transport aircraft CASA/IPTN CN-235, but with a stretched fuselage, 50% more payload capability and new PW127G turboprop engines. The C-295 made its maiden flight in 1998. The first order came from the Spanish Air Force.
The C-295 was also a major bidder for the US Army/US Air Force Joint Cargo Aircraft (JCA) which was awarded to the L-3 Communications/Alenia team on June 13, 2007. The C-295 was considered a higher risk by the Army due to its use of a new operational mode to meet altitude and range requirements.
In November 2011, the Australian Department of Defence put out a request for information on the C-295 and C-27J as a belated replacement for Australia's already retired de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou.
In July 2012 Poland ordered an additional five C-295s, this order also made the Polish Air Force largest single operator of the C295, flying a total of 16 aircraft. In January 2013, Airbus reported that a total of 28 C-295s had been sold during 2012 in what was described as a "bumper year".
- Military transport version. Capacity for 71 troops, 48 paratroops, 27 stretchers, five 2.24 × 2.74 m (88 × 108 inches) pallets or three light vehicles.
- Indonesian Aerospace-made C-295. Indonesian Aerospace have a licence to build the C-295 in Indonesia.
- Maritime patrol/anti-submarine warfare version. Provision for six hardpoints.
- Prototype airborne early warning and control version with 360 degree radar dome. The AESA radar was developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and has an integrated IFF (Identification friend or foe) system.
- Enhanced performance version with winglets and uprated engines announced in 2013. Certification is expected in 2014.
- The Algerian Air Force received 6 C-295 for transport and maritime patrol. One lost in accident.
- The Brazilian Air Force received 12 C-295, designated C-105A Amazonas, to replace the ageing DHC-5/C-115 Buffalo transports.
- The Chilean Navy operates 3 C-295 MPA.
- The Colombian Air Force operates 5 C-295, the last of original four was delivered in April 2009. The fifth aircraft was ordered in September 2012 and delivered 14 March 2013. One more was ordered in January 2013. That will bring the total operating aircraft to 6 C-295.
- The Czech Air Force ordered 4 C-295 that replaced their Antonov An-26s, with all delivered in 2010. They are based at Kbely Air-Base.
- The Egypt Air Force operates 5 C-295 out of 12 ordered as of March 2013. Egypt has initially ordered 3 C-295 for tactical and logistical transport. First delivery was on 24 September 2011. In January 2013 Egypt signed follow-on order for 6 more planes.
- The Finnish Air Force operates 3 C-295. There is an option for four more additional aircraft.
- The Indonesian Air Force has ordered 9 C-295 for tactical and logistical transport. Three planes will be assembled in Indonesia by PT Dirgantara Indonesia, the same company which built the CN-235, the C-295's predecessor. The first two aircraft were delivered in September 2012 and all aircraft should have been delivered by the summer of 2014.
- The Kazahk Air Force operates 2 C-295 with a further of 2 on order. A memorandum of understanding has been signed for four more for a total of 8 C-295s. Kazakhstan took delivery of the first two aircraft on January 16, 2013.
- The Mexican Air Force operates 10 C-295M. They operate in the 301st Squadron, based in Santa Lucia AFB.
- The Mexican Navy operates 4 C-295M. They are based at the Tapachula Air Naval Base.
- The Polish Air Force has received 17 C-295 that replaced their Antonov An-26s. One aircraft crashed on 24 January 2008, the other 16 are in service at Kraków-Balice Air Base. Poland was first foreign customer, ordering eight planes in 2001, two optional in 2006 and two more in 2007, with delivery from 2003 to 2008. In June 2012, another five aircraft were ordered, 2 delivered in October 2012, third in December 2012 and final two units were delivered on 2 November 2013.
- The Portuguese Air Force received 12 C-295, including seven transport (PG01) and five Persuader Maritime Patrol Aircraft (C-295 MPA, three PG02 and two PG03), to replace the C-212 Aviocar. They are operated by 502 Squadron and are based at Montijo Air Base, near Lisbon.
- The Spanish Air Force operates 13 C-295 (designated internally as T.21 ).
The Government of the Philippines is considering the purchase of a number of Indonesian-made military aircraft following a visit of the Indonesian Vice Defence Minister who arrived on one of the aircraft that the country is promoting. The Defense Undersecretary, Pio Lorenzo Batino, said that they are making preparations to acquire the aircraft through a government to government transaction with Indonesia. The aircraft is valued at US$28 million each. It is rumoured that one aircraft will be deployed to the Navy for long-range reconnaissance missions and anti-submarine warfare. The Department of National Defense has declared EADS/CASA the only eligible winner with its C-295 offer.  According to the Indonesian Ministry of Defence, the common use of the aircraft in the ASEAN region would enhance cooperation among members and significantly reduce maintenance and operational costs of the aircraft. The Indonesian Air Force currently has 9 units on order and while it has already taken delivery of 2 aircraft, it is willing to allocate 3 delivery slots to the Philippine Air Force in order to help expedite delivery. All of the ordered units are due by 2015.
Vietnam has ordered 5 units of CN-295 from Airbus Military, but later reduced to 3. When meeting with Sjafrie in Hanoi, Vietnam, Vietnamese Defence Minister General Phung Quang Thanh, said that his country needed an aircraft that can deploy and transport troops, a rear cargo door and has a maximum carrying capacity of 10 tons. Explicitly, Phung Quang expressed interest in the CN-295 aircraft that meet the requirements by the country. According to Budiman, the transfer of production of the CN-295 aircraft orders from Airbus Military Vietnam to Indonesia PT DI is very possible because there has been collaboration between Airbus Military and PT Indonesian Aerospace to manufacture the aircraft.
- Mirosławiec air accident: on January 23, 2008 a Polish Air Force CASA C-295 flying from Warsaw via Powidz and Krzesiny to Mirosławiec crashed during its approach to the 12th Air Base near Mirosławiec. All passengers and crew aboard were killed. The number of victims were 20. All Polish C-295s were grounded after the incident. Polish defence minister Bogdan Klich dismissed five air force personnel after the accident investigation, which concluded that multiple failings contributed to the 23 January crash.
- The Czech Army grounded its fleet of four CASA C-295Ms on October 31, 2011 due to equipment failure. A Navigation Display and other equipment "stopped working during landing" in a plane flying in from Seville, Spain, on October 30. Czech Army spokesperson Mira Trebicka said in a statement: "One of the two engines then stopped working." The two pilots managed to land with one engine. Army General Vlastimil Picek has ordered the immediate grounding of all aircraft, until the inquiry has ended. The aircraft were already grounded in February, following a severe drop in altitude in mid-flight and again in May, after problems with an avionics system.
- On November 9, 2012 an Algerian Air Force EADS CASA C-295 aircraft crashed near the city of Avignon, France. It was flying from Paris to Algeria at the time of the crash. Four of the six passengers were killed, and the other two remained missing.
- Emergency landing on October 2, 2013 a Polish Air Force CASA C-295 in the Balice airport due to equipment failure.
- Crew: Two
- Capacity: 71 troops
- Payload: 9,250 kg (20,400 lbs)
- Length: 24.50 m (80 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 25.81 m (84 ft 8 in)
- Height: 8.60 m (28 ft 3 in)
- Wing area: 59 m² (634.8 ft²)
- Max. takeoff weight: 23,200 kg (51,146 lbs)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127G Hamilton Standard 586-F (six bladed), 1,972 kW (2,645 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 576 km/h (311 knots, 358 mph)
- Cruise speed: 480 km/h (260 knots, 300 mph)
- Range: with 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) payload, 4,600 km (2,500 nmi / 2,875 mi); (with 6,000 kg (13,200 lb) payload, 3,700 km (2,000 nmi / 2,300 mi))
- Range with max 9,250 kg (20,400 lb) payload: 1,300 km (700 nmi / 805 mi)
- Ferry range: 5,400 km (2,900 nmi / 3,335 mi)
- Service ceiling: 9,100 m (30,000 ft)
- Takeoff run: 670 m (2,200 ft)
- Landing run: 320 m (1,050 ft)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- "Airbus Military orders and deliveries" (pdf). Airbus Military. 2013-03-31. Retrieved 2013-04-15.
- "C-295 Price". Philippines Flight Network. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "Winglets and anti-ship missile top latest additions to C295". Flightglobal. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- "Egypt signs repeat order for six additional C295 aircraft". Airbusmilitary.com. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Joint Cargo Aircraft selection release
- "Raytheon Lost JCA Over Aircraft Performance Concerns", Aviation Week, October 10, 2007.
- "EADS Casa prevé vender aviones C-295 a Canadá ante una "inminente" licitación" (in Spanish). Economia.terra.com.co. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "La Fuerza Aérea de Perú evalúa el C295 de Airbus Military" (in Spanish). Fmbolivia.com.bo. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "Empresa AirBus Military mostró las habilidades de su avión C295 en Perú" (in Spanish). Serperuano.com. 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- Infodefensa.com. "Airbus Military busca vender en Perú aviones de transporte militar C295" (in Spanish). Europe: Infodefensa.com. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "Defence confirms cost & availability request for C-295 too". Australian Aviation, 2 November 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "Defence confirms cost & availability request for C-295 too". Poland orders five Airbus Military C295 aircraft, 2 July 2012.
- Hoyle, Craig. "Airbus details bumper 2012 for military transport sales." Flight International, 17 January 2013.
- Jackson 2003, pp. 444–445.
- "Airbus Military Begins Flight Test of C295 Winglets". Airbus Military. 3 January 2013.
- Airbus Military launches C295W aircraft with enhanced performance – Airbus Military, 30 May 2013.
- Munson 2008, p.36.
- "Algerian Air Force Plane Crashes in France"
- Colombia Orders Additional Airbus Military C295 Transport – Defense-Aerospace.com, January 14, 2013
- "Czechs buy C-295 military tactical aircraft". Savunmasanayi.net. 2009-05-18. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "Ecuardor Increase C295 Fleet by 3 Aircraft". www.defensenews.com. 09.06.14. Retrieved 10.06.14.
- "Aviation News". Aviationnews.eu. 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "Egyptian Air Force becomes new Airbus Military C295 operator". Airbusmilitary.com. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "Finland Orders C-295 Light Transports". Defenseindustrydaily.com. 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2011-10-02.
- "Ghana to acquire additional Airbus Military C295". Air Recognition. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Detik News". Finance.detik.com. 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "Airbus Military: Contract with Indonesia for Nine C295 Aircraft". February 15, 2012.
- "Indonesia takes delivery of first two Airbus Military C295". September 19, 2012.
- "Kazakhstan buys 2 additional Airbus Military C295 cargo plane". airrecognition.com. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Airbus Military delivers first two C295 to Kazakhstan.
- "Oman orders eight Airbus Military C295 aircraft". Airbusmilitary.com. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Poland orders five Airbus Military C295 aircraft". Airbus Military. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- Nowe nabytki Sił Powietrznych. altair, 4 November 2013. (Polish)
- Mais Alto 400, pp. 7, 9–10
- Mata, Paulo (January 1, 2013). "C295M: 10.000 horas sobre as asas ínclitas da fama". Take/Off (in Portuguese). Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- Không quân Việt Nam mua 3 máy bay vận tải C-295
- "The Philippines is looking for a possible acquisition of C-295". Philippines Flight Network. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "PT DI Will Work on Vietnam Aircraft Orders". Kompas.com. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- "Polish army plane in fatal crash". BBC News. 2008-01-24. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "Katastrofa samolotu wojskowego na Pomorzu Zachodnim". Trojmiasto.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- "Poland grounds C-295 transports after 20 killed in crash". Flight Global. 25 January 2008.
- "Polish air force dismisses five personnel following C-295 crash report". Flight Global. 14 April 2008.
- "Czech planes grounded for 3rd time this year". DefenceNews, 31 October 2011. Agence France-Presse
- "C295: The Tactical Workhorse."Airbus Military. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- SpecificationsAirbus Military. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.
- Munson, Kenneth. "Andalusian Airlifter – CASA C-295". Air International, Vol 75, No. 5, November 2008. pp. 32–37.
- Rebelo, Colonel PILAV Hélder Martins; Rocha, Major NAV Rui; Martins, Major NAV Vítor Lazera (November–December 2012). "ISR - A exploração integrada dos sistemas de armas C-295M e P-3C/CUP+" [ISR - The integrated exploration of the C-295M and P-3C/CUP+ weapon systems]. Mais Alto (in Portuguese) (Lisbon: Portuguese Air Force) (400): 5–16. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
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