Club Atlético River Plate

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River Plate
EscudoRiverPlate.png
Full name Club Atlético River Plate
Nickname(s) Los Millonarios (The Millionaires)
La Banda (The Strip)
El Campeón del Siglo XX (The Champion of the 20th Century)[1]
Founded 25 May 1901; 113 years ago (1901-05-25)
Ground Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti,
Belgrano, Buenos Aires
Ground Capacity 66,145[2]
President Rodolfo D'Onofrio
Manager Marcelo Gallardo
League Primera División
2014 Transición 2nd
Website Club home page
Current season

Club Atlético River Plate is a professional Argentine sports club based in the Nuñez neighborhood of Buenos Aires. Although many sports are practised at the club, River is best known for its professional football team, which has won many of the most important tournaments in the world, including Copa Libertadores, and Intercontinental Cup.

River is the most successful football team of Argentina, having won the Primera División professional title a record 36 times.[3][4][5][6] River's latest domestic title at the top division was the 2014 Final. Other domestic competitions won by River Plate were defuncts trophies Copa Dr. Carlos Ibarguren (four times)[7] and Copa Adrián C. Escobar (once).[8]

In addition, the club's international titles include two Copa Libertadores (both against the same rival, America de Cali of Colombia), one Intercontinental Cup, one Supercopa Sudamericana, one Copa Sudamericana, one Copa Interamericana and one U-20 Copa Libertadores, apart from seven tournaments organized by AFA and AUF together: six Copa Dr. Ricardo Aldao,[9] and one Tie Cup.[10] River's success in the 1990s led IFFHS to name it ninth in its All-Time Club World Ranking (and first in the Americas).[11] In 2011, River became the most successful Argentine club to have been relegated to the second division.

In 2010, the International Federation of Football History and Statistics placed River Plate in the 9th. place in a ranking that included the best teams of the world during the 1990 and 2000 decades. River was the South American club with the best position in the table.[12]

The club was officially founded in 1901 and took its name from the common English name for the Río de la Plata. River has a fierce rivalry with Boca Juniors. Matches between them are known as Superclásico, and the two teams' rivalry is amongst the most heated in the sport, due to their local and global popularity. River's home stadium is Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti, known simply as "El Monumental", which is the largest stadium in the country.

Apart from football, the club hosts a large variety of sports such as athletics, basque pelota, bowls, chess, basketball, cestoball, gymnastics, field hockey, karate, roller hockey, roller skating, swimming, taekwondo, tennis, volleyball and waterpolo.[13]

History[edit]

The team that achieved the promotion to first division in 1908.

River Plate was founded on 25 May 1901, close to the La Boca neighborhood (later the home of fierce rivals Boca Juniors). The institution was formed since the merge of two clubs, "Santa Rosa" and "La Rosales", with elected Leopoldo Bard being elected as its first president. The name was chosen because of an incident during the construction of Buenos Aires Port: one of the members had seen how the workers of Dique 3 left their duties for a while to play a football match. The boxes they were working with just said "The River Plate" (the name the English gave to the Río de la Plata) and that 'enigmatic' inscription was taken to name the new club.

River Plate affiliated to Argentine Football Association in 1905, debuting in the third division against Facultad de Medicina. On 13 December 1908, the team promoted to first division after beating Racing Club 2–1. However, the match was declared null due to River supporters jumping onto the field to celebrate with the players, so a new match had to be played, River winning again (7–0) and achieving its promotion.

In 1914 River won its first domestic championship, the Copa de Competencia Jockey Club.[14] and its first international title, the Tie Cup. The nickname Los Millonarios came after the acquisition of wing Carlos Peucelle in 1931 for $10,000 and Bernabé Ferreyra for $35,000 (huge amounts of money in those years) in 1932.

During the succesive years, River Plate consolidated as one of the most popular teams of Argentina, with a great number of fans in Argentina. At domestic level, the club is the most successful team of Argentine football, having won 36 Primera División titles[3][4] and 9 National cups.

Uniform[edit]

Evolution[edit]

1901–05
1905–09
1909–32 (1)
1932–present

Rare kits[edit]

(2)
1980 away (3)
1985 away (4)
(5)

(1) This jersey, worn as the home kit during the amateur era, has remained (with few exceptions) as the away kit since the professional era began.
(2) Worn only in four matches in club's history: 1969 (vs. Deportivo Morón), 1971 (vs. Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata), 1975 (vs. Banfield) and 2008 (vs. Huracán).[15]
(3) Host club Barcelona loaned River Plate its away jerseys to play the 1980 Joan Gamper Trophy match against PSV Eindhoven that wore white shirts.[16]
(4) Worn just once in 1985.
(5) Worn in the 1999-00, 2002–03 and 2009–10 seasons, being the first time River wore a black jersey.

Sponsors and manufacturers[edit]

Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsors
1979–80 Sportlandia none
1981–82 Olimpia
1982–85 Adidas
1985–89 Fate O
1989–91 Peugeot
1991–92 Carta Credencial
1992–95 Sanyo
1996-02 Quilmes
2002–06 Budweiser
2006–08 Petrobras
2009–10 Petrobras and Pokerstars.net
2010–12 Petrobras and Tramontina
2012–2013 BBVA and Tramontina
2013– BBVA and Netshoes

Rivalry[edit]

Main article: Superclásico

River Plate and Boca Juniors are the two largest football clubs in Argentina, with more than half the country's football fans supporting the clubs. Due to the rivalry between them, the Boca Juniors vs River Plate Superclásico local derby match was listed by the BBC as one of the most famous derbies in the world.,[17] and also as number one of the Fifty sporting things you must do before you die by The Observer newspaper.[18]

Club nicknames[edit]

Sun screen at a sports betting house in Belgrade, Serbia, bearing a picture of River Plate players

The "River Plate" name was chosen in 1901, when the team was still located at the La Boca neighbourhood, next to the Río de la Plata ("River Plate" in some English sources). Proposed names as "Club Atlético Forward", "Juventud Boquense" or "La Rosales" had been rejected. Pedro Martínez saw the name "The River Plate" written at ship containers, and proposed it as a name, which was finally accepted as the official name.[19]

River fans and the press are fond of the nickname Los Millonarios. This name derives from the 1930s after some expensive transfers of players from other clubs, including Carlos Peucelle from Sportivo Buenos Aires in 1931 and Bernabé Ferreyra from Tigre in 1932. Between 1979 and 1981, the River squad was reputed to be amongst the most expensive in the world.

The Lion emblem used between 1984–89

When Hugo Santilli become chairman in 1984, he soon called to a competition where a new emblem would be chosen. The main objective of this new image was to eradicate the nickname Gallinas (Chicken) that River's rivals (Boca Juniors fans mainly) used to mock them. Some of the most important artists from Argentina took part in that competition so the club finally chose a logo designed by the famous artist Caloi. This emblem showed the figure of a lion (wearing a River jersey) raising from the Monumental stadium. The lion logo was immediately added to the uniforms (on the field and training clothes) having River Plate won the Copa Libertadores and Intercontinental Cup using the lion logo. In 1989, when Santilli left the club so the lion went with him and has not been reestablished since.[20]

Due to the red band in their shirt, it is also common to refer to River as El Equipo de la Banda (the team with the band) or simply La Banda (which also means "the band" -both as in "gang" and "musical group"). Some famous River teams earned nicknames, notably La Máquina (the machine), the team that astonished Argentine football between 1941 and 1945.

In 1996 and 1997, during a run of title wins (three Argentine titles, one Copa Libertadores and one Supercopa), River were sometimes called La Maquinita ("The Little Machine") by the press. That team featured Francescoli and younger players such as Juan Pablo Sorín, Hernán Crespo, Ariel Ortega, Marcelo Salas and Marcelo Gallardo.

Stadiums[edit]

El Monumental is River's home stadium in the Belgrano neighborhood in Buenos Aires. With a capacity of 65,645, the stadium was inaugurated on 25 May 1938. It is also used in matches by the Argentina national football team.

Since its establishment in 1901, River Plate stadiums has been:[21]

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

Current squad of Club Atlético River Plate as of October 23, 2014 (edit)
Sources:

No. Position Player
1  ARG GK Marcelo Barovero
2  ARG DF Jonathan Maidana
3  COL DF Éder Álvarez Balanta
5  ARG MF Matías Kranevitter
6  ARG DF Ramiro Funes Mori
7  URU FW Rodrigo Mora
8  URU MF Carlos Sánchez
9  ARG FW Fernando Cavenaghi
11  ARG MF Osmar Ferreyra
13  ARG DF Bruno Urribarri
14  ARG MF Augusto Solari
15  ARG MF Leonardo Pisculichi
16  ARG MF Ariel Rojas
17  ARG MF Martín Aguirre
18  ARG FW Giovanni Simeone
No. Position Player
19  COL FW Teófilo Gutiérrez
20  ARG DF Germán Pezzella
21  ARG MF Leonel Vangioni
23  ARG MF Leonardo Ponzio
24  ARG DF Emanuel Mammana
25  ARG DF Gabriel Mercado
27  ARG GK Nicolás Rodríguez
28  ARG MF Guido Rodríguez
29  ARG MF Ezequiel Cirigliano
30  ARG MF Tomás Martínez
31  ARG FW Lucas Boyé
32  ARG FW Sebastián Driussi
33  ARG GK Julio Chiarini
34  ARG FW Juan Cruz Kaprof
36  ARG DF Víctor Cabrera
42  ARG GK Augusto Batalla

Manager: Marcelo Gallardo

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
- Argentina GK Gonzalo Marinelli (at Huracan)
- Argentina DF Leandro González Pirez (at Estudiantes)
- Argentina DF Esteban Espíndola López (at Atletico Rafaela)
No. Position Player
- Argentina DF Sebastián Silguero (at Tigre)
- Argentina DF Diego Martínez (at Sarmiento)
- Argentina MF Walter Acevedo (at Tigre)
- Ecuador MF Juan Cazares (at Banfield)

Top goalscorers[edit]

La Maquina in 1941. From left: Juan Muñoz, José Moreno, Adolfo Pedernera, Angel Labruna
Pedernera and Peucelle, El Gráfico magazine.
# Player Goals Matches
1 Argentina Ángel Labruna 293 515
2 Argentina Oscar Más 198 382
3 Argentina Bernabé Ferreyra 187 185
4 Argentina José Manuel Moreno 180 320
5 Argentina Norberto Alonso 149 374
6 Uruguay Enzo Francéscoli 136 197
7 Argentina Adolfo Pedernera 131 278
8 Argentina Carlos Peucelle 113 307
9 Argentina Carlos Manuel Morete 103 195
10 Argentina Félix Loustau 101 365
10 Argentina Fernando Cavenaghi 101 182

Most appearances[edit]

# Player Matches
1 Argentina Amadeo Carrizo 520
2 Argentina Ángel Labruna 515
3 Argentina Reinaldo Merlo 500
4 Argentina Juan José López 466
5 Argentina Norberto Yácono 393
6 Argentina Oscar Más 382
7 Argentina Norberto Alonso 374
8 Argentina Félix Loustau 367
9 Argentina Ubaldo Fillol 361
10 Argentina Ricardo Vaghi 323

Player gallery[edit]

Notable managers[edit]

The most successful all-time manager is Ramón Díaz, who won 9 championships during his three tenures on River Plate (1995–2000, 2001–02 and 2012–14). The list of honours include 6 Primera División titles (1996 Apertura, 1997 Clausura, 1997 Apertura, 1999 Apertura, 2002 Clausura, 2014 Final), 1 Superfinal (2013–14),[a], 1 Copa Libertadores (1996) and 1 Supercopa Sudamericana (1997).

José María Minella was another notable manager with 7 titles won with River Plate, all of them Primera División championships (1945, 1947, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957).

Ángel Labruna had an outstanding career not only as player (he is club's all-time topscorer with 293 goals in 515 matches played) but as coach for the club, having won 6 Primera División championships (Metropolitano 1975, Nacional 1975, Metropolitano 1977, Nacional 1979, Metropolitano 1979, and Metropolitano 1980) before his sudden death in 1983.

Héctor Veira is the only manager (along with Ramón Díaz) to have won the Copa Libertadores with River Plate, in 1986. That same year the club won the Intercontinental played in Tokyo. Under his coaching the club also won the 1985–86 domestic championship totalizing 3 titles with River Plate.

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

League[edit]

National cups[edit]

Other honours[edit]

Not recognized as official titles by the Argentine Football Association:[27]

  • Copa San Martín de Tours[e] (10): 1965, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1978, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1993, 1996 [30]

International[edit]

Youth teams[edit]

Other international[edit]

Official titles but still not officialized by CONMEBOL.[31]

Other sports[edit]

The women's field hockey team is affiliated to the Buenos Aires Hockey Association (AHBA)[32] and currently playing in Torneo Metropolitano A, the top division of regional hockey in Argentina.

The basketball team currently plays in the amateur Buenos Aires league. It played 10 seasons in the Liga Nacional de Básquetbol between 1985–1993 and 2004–06, reaching the finals in 1988 and obtaining 2nd place in 2004 and 2005 editions of Copa Argentina, but in July 2006 the club got expelled by the League because of a debt in player's salaries.

River Plate also has professional male and female handball and volleyball teams in regional and national competitions.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The "Superfinal" is considered as a national cup by the Argentine Football Association.[22]
  2. ^ On 5 July 2013, The Argentine Football Association recognized the 1936 Copa de Oro won by River Plate as a Primera División honour. The information was also added to AFA's website.[24][25] The Copa de Oro was a final played between the champions of previous competitions held that same year: River Plate (Copa Campeonato) and San Lorenzo (Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires). River won the final match by 4–2.[26]
  3. ^ Organized by dissident association Liga Argentina de Football
  4. ^ Title shared ex aequo with Liga Cultural de Santiago del Estero.[29]
  5. ^ The matches of this cup belonged to the league or National championship.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "El campeón del siglo" on La Nación, 29 December 1999
  2. ^ Diario Uno
  3. ^ a b Campeones de la Primera División (era amateur 1891–1934) at AFA website
  4. ^ a b Campeones de la Primera División (era profesional: desde 1931) at AFA website
  5. ^ "Torneo Argentino de Primera División – Títulos por Equipo", SobreFutbol.com
  6. ^ "Todos los campeones del fútbol argentino" by Oscar Barnade, Clarín, 18 May 2014
  7. ^ Argentina – Copa Dr. Ibarguren at RSSSF
  8. ^ Domestic cups in Argentina (see point 6) at RSSSF
  9. ^ Copa Ricardo Aldado at RSSSF
  10. ^ Tie Cup overview at RSSSF
  11. ^ http://www.iffhs.de/?3d4d443d0b803e8b40384c00205fdcdc3bfcdc0aec70aeedbe1a
  12. ^ "El Barcelona es el mejor equipo de las últimas dos décadas", Marca newspaper, 21 January 2010
  13. ^ "Departamento Físico" on official website
  14. ^ Argentina - Copa de Competencia "Jockey Club" - 1914
  15. ^ "River Plate estrena camiseta violeta", Olé, May 2008
  16. ^ "River amarillo 1980", En una Baldosa, 5 September 2006
  17. ^ BBC Academy, famous football derbies
  18. ^ 50 sporting things you must do before you die
  19. ^ Historia- Decada 1900–1910 (Spanish)
  20. ^ River Plate: La Banda Roja y el León (Spanish)
  21. ^ "River, sus comienzos y sus estadios" by Gabriela Miño on La Nación, 7 Jul 2011
  22. ^ "La AFA homologó la Superfinal de River como una Copa Nacional", Cancha Llena.com, 28 May 2014
  23. ^ "Memoria y Balance 1936", p.33, AFA Library
  24. ^ "La AFA les reconoció otro título a San Lorenzo y a River", Clarín, 6 July 2013
  25. ^ "77 años después: San Lorenzo y River, campeones!", Crónica, 5 July 2013
  26. ^ Argentina 1936 at RSSSF
  27. ^ a b c d e "Copas Nacionales" at AFA website
  28. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesa/arg-com32.html at RSSSF
  29. ^ 1952 Copa Ibarguren at RSSSF
  30. ^ Gorgazzi, Osvaldo José (7 April 2006). "Argentina – Copa San Martín de Tours, Patrono de Buenos Aires". RSSSF. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  31. ^ Torneos on CONMEBOL website, retrieved 11 Dec 2014
  32. ^ Guia de Clubes at AHBA website, 11 Oct 2014

External links[edit]