CBN (AM)

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CBN
CBCRadioOne.svg
City of license St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
Broadcast area Southeastern Newfoundland
Branding CBC Radio One St. John's
Frequency 640 kHz (AM)
First air date November 14, 1932
Format News/Talk
Power 10,000 watts
Class A (clear-channel)
Callsign meaning CB for CBC, N for Newfoundland
Former callsigns VONF (1932-1949)
Owner Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Sister stations CBN-FM, CBNT
Website CBC Newfoundland and Labrador

CBN is a clear-channel radio station broadcasting at 640 kHz (AM) from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and is the local Radio One station of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. CBN broadcasts with 10,000 watts, unlike most other clear-channel,Class A stations, which broadcast with 50,000 watts.

History[edit]

The station was founded in 1932 as VONF, broadcasting on 1195 kHz in the AM band, and was owned and operated by the Dominion Broadcasting Company, a subsidiary of the Avalon Telephone Company (a predecessor of Bell Aliant). In 1934, it merged with a former competitor, VOGY 840, which had also launched in 1932. The VONF call sign was retained.

On March 13, 1939, the Dominion Broadcasting Company was absorbed by the Broadcasting Corporation of Newfoundland, the pre-Confederation public broadcaster, as its first radio station. The frequency was eventually changed to its current position at 640 AM.

BCN was absorbed by the CBC on March 31, 1949 when Newfoundland joined Canada. The call sign was then changed to CBN.

CBN used to operate a 10,000 watt rebroadcaster CBNM in Marystown on AM 740 (and previously on 570), but this station was converted to FM in the 1980s.

It is currently the largest CBC Radio One station in eastern Canada that is still located on the AM band. A clear-channel station, it reaches much of the eastern half of North America at night.

Until April 27, 2007, CBC Radio's operations in St. John's were located on 342 Duckworth Street. Those operations are currently located on 95 University Avenue, where the television operations are also based.

Shortwave relay[edit]

By 1940, VONF operated a shortwave relay for remote areas of Newfoundland using the call sign VONG and operating on a frequency of 9470 kHz (and later 9480, both in the 31 m band). A second frequency of 5980 kHz (and later 5970, both in the 49 m band) was launched using the call sign VONH. Eventually, VONG left the air and only VONH 5970 remained. The call sign changed to CBNX in 1949 when the AM station became CBN. The frequency was changed to 6160 kHz in 1963.

In 1965, the call sign was changed to CKZN, recognizing that technically, the CB call sign prefix was assigned to Chile on an international basis.

In 1989, the shortwave relay began to rebroadcast CFGB-FM Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador, part-time as well as CBN. Eventually, in 1994, the station no longer relayed CBN, and became a full-time rebroadcaster of CFGB. Most of Newfoundland had reliable AM or FM reception by that time, so the relay's main use was now limited to the remote areas of Labrador.

Local programming[edit]

Local programming currently includes

  • The (St. John's) Morning Show with Anthony Germain, Cecil Hare, and Nancy Walsh – weekdays, 6:00 - 9:00 a.m.
  • Radio Noon with Ramona Dearing – weekdays, 12:00 - 1:30 p.m.
  • Deep Roots with Tom Power – Fridays, 3:30 - 4:00 p.m. (from 2009 onwards)
  • On the Go with Ted Blades – weekdays, 4:00 - 5:30 p.m. and 6:00 - 6:30 p.m. (the final half-hour is pre-empted on certain Thursdays; see next program below)
  • The Fisheries Broadcast with Jamie Baker – weekdays, 5:30 - 6:00 p.m.; to 6:30 p.m. on certain Thursdays when there is a phone-in; longest-running current affairs radio show in North America [1]
  • Weekend Arts Magazine (abbreviated WAM) with Angela Antle – weekends, 6:00 - 9:30 a.m.
  • The Performance Hour with Jamie Fitzpatrick – Saturday, 5:30 - 6:30 p.m.
  • Musicraft with Francesca Swann – Sunday, 4:30 - 5:30 p.m.

For all intents and purposes, the province's other three Radio One stations are semi-satellites of CBN, simulcasting most of CBN's local programming (other than the morning show on weekdays) during Radio One's local programming blocks.

One of the station's most popular shows in the 1930s and 1940s was The Barrelman hosted by Joey Smallwood.

Rebroadcasters[edit]

CBN has the following rebroadcasters:

Rebroadcasters of CBN
City of license Identifier Frequency RECNet
Clarenville [2] CBNL-FM 93.7 Query
Marystown CBNM-FM 90.3 Query
Swift Current CBNO-FM 104.3 Query
Ramea CBNR-FM 95.5 Query
St. Alban's CBNS-FM 99.1 Query
Trepassey CBNQ-FM 95.3 Query
Fermeuse [3] CBNU-FM 104.3 Query
Placentia [4] CBNV-FM 94.1 Query
St. Vincent's [5] CBNX-FM 92.1 Query
Burgeo1 CIBB-FM 89.3 Query

CIBB-FM Burgeo rebroadcasts programming of CBC Radio One, although it is owned by the Burgeo Broadcasting System.[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]