Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3 (CCL3) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL3gene.
CCL3, also known as Macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), is a cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that is involved in the acute inflammatory state in the recruitment and activation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (Wolpe et al., 1988). Sherry et al. (1988) demonstrated 2 protein components of MIP1, called by them alpha and beta.[supplied by OMIM]
^Guan, E; Wang J; Norcross M A (Apr 2001). "Identification of human macrophage inflammatory proteins 1alpha and 1beta as a native secreted heterodimer". J. Biol. Chem. (United States) 276 (15): 12404–9. doi:10.1074/jbc.M006327200. ISSN0021-9258. PMID11278300.