CCL8

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Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 8
1ESR.pdb1.png
Crystallographic structure of human C-C motif chemokine 8.[1]
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols CCL8 ; HC14; MCP-2; MCP2; SCYA10; SCYA8
External IDs OMIM602283 HomoloGene48362 GeneCards: CCL8 Gene
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 6355 n/a
Ensembl ENSG00000108700 n/a
UniProt P80075 n/a
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_005623 n/a
RefSeq (protein) NP_005614 n/a
Location (UCSC) Chr 17:
32.65 – 32.65 Mb
n/a
PubMed search [1] n/a

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 8, also known as monocyte chemoattractant protein 2 (MCP-2), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL8 gene.[2][3]

CCL8 is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family. The CCL8 protein is produced as a precursor containing 109 amino acids, which is cleaved to produce mature CCL8 containing 75 amino acids. The gene for CCL8 is encoded by 3 exons and is located within a large cluster of CC chemokines on chromosome 17q11.2 in humans.[3][4] MCP-2 is chemotactic for and activates a many different immune cells, including mast cells, eosinophils and basophils, (that are implicated in allergic responses), and monocytes, T cells, and NK cells that are involved in the inflammatory response.[5][6] CCL8 elicits its effects by binding to several different cell surface receptors called chemokine receptors. These receptors include CCR1, CCR2B and CCR5.[6]

Monocyte chemotactic protein 2 (MCP-2) is a CC chemokine that utilizes multiple cellular receptors to attract and activate human leukocytes. MCP-2 is a potent inhibitor of HIV-1 by virtue of its high-affinity binding to the receptor CCR5, one of the major co-receptors for HIV-1.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b PDB 1ESR; Blaszczyk J, Coillie EV, Proost P, Damme JV, Opdenakker G, Bujacz GD, Wang JM, Ji X (November 2000). "Complete crystal structure of monocyte chemotactic protein-2, a CC chemokine that interacts with multiple receptors". Biochemistry 39 (46): 14075–81. doi:10.1021/bi0009340. PMID 11087354. 
  2. ^ "Entrez Gene: chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 8". 
  3. ^ a b Van Coillie E, Fiten P, Nomiyama H, Sakaki Y, Miura R, Yoshie O, Van Damme J, Opdenakker G (March 1997). "The human MCP-2 gene (SCYA8): cloning, sequence analysis, tissue expression, and assignment to the CC chemokine gene contig on chromosome 17q11.2". Genomics 40 (2): 323–31. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.4594. PMID 9119400. 
  4. ^ Van Damme J, Proost P, Lenaerts JP, Opdenakker G (July 1992). "Structural and functional identification of two human, tumor-derived monocyte chemotactic proteins (MCP-2 and MCP-3) belonging to the chemokine family". J. Exp. Med. 176 (1): 59–65. doi:10.1084/jem.176.1.59. PMC 2119277. PMID 1613466. 
  5. ^ Proost P, Wuyts A, Van Damme J (January 1996). "Human monocyte chemotactic proteins-2 and -3: structural and functional comparison with MCP-1". J. Leukoc. Biol. 59 (1): 67–74. PMID 8558070. 
  6. ^ a b Gong W, Howard OM, Turpin JA, Grimm MC, Ueda H, Gray PW, Raport CJ, Oppenheim JJ, Wang JM (February 1998). "Monocyte chemotactic protein-2 activates CCR5 and blocks CD4/CCR5-mediated HIV-1 entry/replication". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (8): 4289–92. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.8.4289. PMID 9468473. 

Further reading[edit]