|This article does not cite any references or sources. (January 2014)|
|Launched||2 September 1958|
|Owned by||China Central Television|
|Picture format||4:3 576i (SDTV)
16:9 1080i (HDTV)
|Headquarters||China Central Television Headquarters
East 3rd Ring Road
Beijing, People's Republic of China
|Formerly called||Television China|
|ATV (Hong Kong)||Channel 15|
|HKBN bbTV (Hong Kong)||ATV-15|
|Now TV (Hong Kong)||ATV-15|
CCTV-1 (China Central Television) is the flagship free-to-air terrestrial television channel of CCTV in the People's Republic of China. It broadcasts a range of programs and is available to both cable and terrestrial television viewers from China Central Television Headquarters at East 3rd Ring Road in Beijing.
Peking Television (1958-1978)
CCTV-1 (formerly known as "Peking Television") was launched as China's first television station on 2 April 1958 and officially began broadcasting for 6 hours a day starting on 2 September 1958. Peking Television was granted a free-to-air terrestrial television broadcasting license in the 1960s. It began broadcasting experimentally in colour in 1971, and later launched via satellite transmissions in 1972 for major events. The first colour programmes were PAL-D. Full-time colour broadcasting began in 1977.
China Central Television (1978–present)
On 1 May 1978, Peking Television was renamed China Central Television (CCTV). In 1988, it began stereo broadcasting on all television channels. In 1994, it moved satellite broadcasting from Chinasat-3 to Chinasat-4, a quality-level broadcaster. It changed from analog to digital broadcasting in 2002. CCTV-1 began broadcasting 24 hours a day on 1 October 2004 and began high-definition broadcasting on 21 September 2009. On 1 March 2011, Hong Kong's Asia Television (ATV) started relaying CCTV-1 instead of CCTV-4 which is a free-to-air digital terrestrial television station in Hong Kong on UHF normally tuned to 15.
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CCTV-1 transmits 24 hours a day.
Live programming is used on special occasions such as the Chinese National Day, Handover of Hong Kong, Hong Kong International Airport, Taiwanese Earthquake, 11 September 2001, Sichuan Earthquake, Asian Games and Summer Olympic Games.
- Spring Festival (Live on 1st day of the 1st month with 3–15 days)
- Lantern Festival (Live on 15th day of the 1st month)
- Qingming Festival (Live on 4–5 April)
- Labor Day (Live on 1 May)
- Dragon Boat Festival (Live on 5th day of the 5th month)
- Mid-Autumn Festival (Live on 15th day of the 8th month)
- National Day (Live on 1 October)
- World Youth Day
- Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day (Live on 1 July 1997).
- Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment Day (Live on 20 December 1999).
- Opening ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympics (Live on 8 August 2008).
- Closing ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympics (Live on 24 August 2008).
- Opening ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Paralympics (Live on 6 September 2008).
- Closing ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Paralympics (Live on 17 September 2008).
CCTV-1 HD is a simulcast network version of CCTV-1 in high-definition (HD). All programmes still made in standard-definition are upscaled to high-definition output. The rest of the programming hours consist of mainly upscaled resolution CCTV-1 simulcast. The horizontal resolution was increased to 1920 pixels. For the duration of the 2012 Summer Olympics broadcasting was increased to 24 hours a day to provide extra coverage of the Summer Olympic Games events. CCTV-1 HD was created specifically for the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Summer Paralympics at the Beijing National Stadium.
- Official Site (Chinese)