CD180 is a cell surface molecule consisting of extracellular leucine-rich repeats (LRR) and a short cytoplasmic tail. It is also known by the archaic terms Bgp-95 and RP105, for the founding designations following discovery in humans (1988) and mice (1994), respectively. The extracellular LRR is associated with a molecule called MD-1 and form the cell surface receptor complex, CD180/MD-1. It belongs to the family of pathogen receptors, Toll-like receptors (TLR). CD180/MD-1, by working in concert with TLR4, controls B cell recognition and signaling of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a membrane constituent of Gram-negative bacteria.
^Miura Y, Shimazu R, Miyake K, Akashi S, Ogata H, Yamashita Y, Narisawa Y, Kimoto M (Nov 1998). "RP105 is associated with MD-1 and transmits an activation signal in human B cells". Blood92 (8): 2815–22. PMID9763566.
^Miura Y, Miyake K, Yamashita Y, Shimazu R, Copeland NG, Gilbert DJ, Jenkins NA, Inazawa J, Abe T, Kimoto M (Mar 1997). "Molecular cloning of a human RP105 homologue and chromosomal localization of the mouse and human RP105 genes (Ly64 and LY64)". Genomics38 (3): 299–304. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0632. PMID8975706.
Honda Y, Yamagiwa S, Matsuda Y, et al. (2007). "Altered expression of TLR homolog RP105 on monocytes hypersensitive to LPS in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.". J. Hepatol.47 (3): 404–11. doi:10.1016/j.jhep.2007.03.012. PMID17448566.
Izmailova E, Bertley FM, Huang Q, et al. (2003). "HIV-1 Tat reprograms immature dendritic cells to express chemoattractants for activated T cells and macrophages". Nat. Med.9 (2): 191–7. doi:10.1038/nm822. PMID12539042.