The gene is located on the long arm of chromosome 1 at location 1q22-q25 on the Crick (negative) strand. The gene is 87,896 bases in length. The encoded protein is 164 amino acids long with a predicted weight of 18.696 kiloDaltons.
T-cell receptor zeta, together with T-cell receptor alpha/beta and gamma/delta heterodimers and CD3-gamma, -delta, and -epsilon, forms the T-cell receptor-CD3 complex. The zeta chain plays an important role in coupling antigen recognition to several intracellular signal-transduction pathways. Low expression of the antigen results in impaired immune response. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene.
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Greenway AL, Holloway G, McPhee DA, et al. (2004). "HIV-1 Nef control of cell signalling molecules: multiple strategies to promote virus replication.". J. Biosci.28 (3): 323–35. doi:10.1007/BF02970151. PMID12734410.