CDKN2B

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Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B (p15, inhibits CDK4)
Identifiers
Symbols CDKN2B ; CDK4I; INK4B; MTS2; P15; TP15; p15INK4b
External IDs OMIM600431 MGI104737 HomoloGene55859 GeneCards: CDKN2B Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CDKN2B 207530 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 1030 12579
Ensembl ENSG00000147883 ENSMUSG00000073802
UniProt P42772 P55271
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_004936 NM_007670
RefSeq (protein) NP_004927 NP_031696
Location (UCSC) Chr 9:
22 – 22.01 Mb
Chr 4:
89.31 – 89.31 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 inhibitor B also known as multiple tumor suppressor 2 (MTS-2) or p15INK4B is a protein that is encoded by the CDKN2B gene in humans.[1][2]

Function[edit]

This gene lies adjacent to the tumor suppressor gene CDKN2A in a region that is frequently mutated and deleted in a wide variety of tumors. This gene encodes a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, also known as p15Ink4b protein, which forms a complex with CDK4 or CDK6, and prevents the activation of the CDK kinases by cyclin D, thus the encoded protein functions as a cell growth regulator that inhibits cell cycle G1 progression. The expression of this gene was found to be dramatically induced by TGF beta, which suggested its role in the TGF beta induced growth inhibition. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene, which encode distinct proteins, have been reported.[2]

Interactions[edit]

CDKN2B has been shown to interact with Cyclin-dependent kinase 4.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hannon GJ, Beach D (October 1994). "p15INK4B is a potential effector of TGF-beta-induced cell cycle arrest". Nature 371 (6494): 257–61. doi:10.1038/371257a0. PMID 8078588. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CDKN2B cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B (p15, inhibits CDK4)". 
  3. ^ Rual, Jean-François; Venkatesan Kavitha, Hao Tong, Hirozane-Kishikawa Tomoko, Dricot Amélie, Li Ning, Berriz Gabriel F, Gibbons Francis D, Dreze Matija, Ayivi-Guedehoussou Nono, Klitgord Niels, Simon Christophe, Boxem Mike, Milstein Stuart, Rosenberg Jennifer, Goldberg Debra S, Zhang Lan V, Wong Sharyl L, Franklin Giovanni, Li Siming, Albala Joanna S, Lim Janghoo, Fraughton Carlene, Llamosas Estelle, Cevik Sebiha, Bex Camille, Lamesch Philippe, Sikorski Robert S, Vandenhaute Jean, Zoghbi Huda Y, Smolyar Alex, Bosak Stephanie, Sequerra Reynaldo, Doucette-Stamm Lynn, Cusick Michael E, Hill David E, Roth Frederick P, Vidal Marc (October 2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature (England) 437 (7062): 1173–8. doi:10.1038/nature04209. PMID 16189514. 
  4. ^ Stelzl, Ulrich; Worm Uwe, Lalowski Maciej, Haenig Christian, Brembeck Felix H, Goehler Heike, Stroedicke Martin, Zenkner Martina, Schoenherr Anke, Koeppen Susanne, Timm Jan, Mintzlaff Sascha, Abraham Claudia, Bock Nicole, Kietzmann Silvia, Goedde Astrid, Toksöz Engin, Droege Anja, Krobitsch Sylvia, Korn Bernhard, Birchmeier Walter, Lehrach Hans, Wanker Erich E (September 2005). "A human protein-protein interaction network: a resource for annotating the proteome". Cell (United States) 122 (6): 957–68. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.08.029. ISSN 0092-8674. PMID 16169070. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]