1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane

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1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane
1,2-dichlorotetrafluoroethane.svg
1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane-3D-vdW.png
Names
IUPAC name
1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane
Other names
R-114, CFC-114, halon 242, cryofluorane, Freon 114, Genetron 114, Refrigerant 114
Identifiers
76-14-2 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL325436 N
ChemSpider 6189 YesY
EC number 200-937-7
Jmol-3D images Image
UNII 6B5VVT93AR N
Properties
C2Cl2F4
Molar mass 170.92 g/mol
Appearance colorless gas[1]
Odor faint, ether-like (high concentrations)[1]
Density 1.455 g/cm3
Melting point −94 °C (−137 °F; 179 K)
Boiling point 3.5 °C (38.3 °F; 276.6 K)
0.01%[1]
Vapor pressure 1.9 atm (21°C)[1]
Hazards
Main hazards Ozone depletor
Flash point nonflammable [1]
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
TWA 1000 ppm (7000 mg/m3)[1]
TWA 1000 ppm (7000 mg/m3)[1]
15000 ppm[1]
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane, or R-114, also known as cryofluorane (INN), is a chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) with the molecular formula ClF2CCF2Cl. Its primary use has been as a refrigerant. It is a non-flammable gas with a sweetish, chloroform-like odor with the critical point occurring at 145.6 °C and 3.26 MPa. When pressurized or cooled, it is a colorless liquid. It is listed on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's list of ozone depleting chemicals, and is classified as a Montreal Protocol Class I, group 1 ozone depleting substance.[2]

When used as a refrigerant, R-114 is classified as a medium pressure refrigerant.

The US Navy uses R-114 in its centrifugal chillers in preference to R-11 to avoid air and moisture leakage into the system. While the evaporator of an R-11 charged chiller runs at a vacuum during operation, R-114 yields approximately 0 psig operating pressure in the evaporator.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0201". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  2. ^ Class I Ozone-depleting Substances, United States Environmental Protection Agency, retrieved May 11, 2012 

External links[edit]