CHRNA4

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Cholinergic receptor, nicotinic, alpha 4 (neuronal)
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols CHRNA4 ; BFNC; EBN; EBN1; NACHR; NACHRA4; NACRA4
External IDs OMIM118504 MGI87888 HomoloGene592 IUPHAR: α4 ChEMBL: 1882 GeneCards: CHRNA4 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CHRNA4 206735 at tn.png
PBB GE CHRNA4 206736 x at tn.png
PBB GE CHRNA4 216900 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 1137 11438
Ensembl ENSG00000101204 ENSMUSG00000027577
UniProt P43681 O70174
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_000744 NM_015730
RefSeq (protein) NP_000735 NP_056545
Location (UCSC) Chr 20:
61.98 – 62.01 Mb
Chr 2:
181.02 – 181.04 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CHRNA4 gene.[1][2]

The nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are members of a superfamily of ligand-gated ion channels that mediate fast signal transmission at synapses. After binding acetylcholine, these pentameric receptors respond by undergoing an extensive change in conformation that affects all subunits and leads to opening of an ion-conducting channel across the plasma membrane. The protein encoded by this gene is an integral membrane receptor subunit that can interact with either nAChR beta-2 or nAChR beta-4 to form a functional receptor. Mutations in this gene appear to account for a small proportion of the cases of nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy.[2]

Interactive pathway map[edit]

Click on genes, proteins and metabolites below to link to respective articles. [§ 1]

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NicotineDopaminergic_WP1602 go to article go to article go to article Go to article go to article Go to article Go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article Go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article Go to article Go to article go to article Go to article Go to article Go to article go to article Go to article Go to article Go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article go to article Go to article go to article Go to article Go to article go to article go to article Go to article go to article Go to article Go to article go to article
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Nicotine Activity on Dopaminergic Neurons edit
  1. ^ The interactive pathway map can be edited at WikiPathways: "NicotineDopaminergic_WP1602". 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anand R, Lindstrom J (Sep 1992). "Chromosomal localization of seven neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit genes in humans". Genomics 13 (4): 962–7. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(92)90008-G. PMID 1505988. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CHRNA4 cholinergic receptor, nicotinic, alpha 4". 

Further reading[edit]

  • Skorupska E, Rózycka A, Trzeciak WH (2002). "[Molecular and genetic basis of idiopathic nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy]". Neurol. Neurochir. Pol. 36 (3): 513–25. PMID 12185808. 
  • Pilz AJ, Willer E, Povey S, Abbott CM (1993). "The genes coding for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase-1 (PCK1) and neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 4 subunit (CHRNA4) map to human chromosome 20, extending the known region of homology with mouse chromosome 2.". Ann. Hum. Genet. 56 (Pt 4): 289–93. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1809.1992.tb01155.x. PMID 1492743. 
  • McLane KE, Wu XD, Conti-Tronconi BM (1990). "Identification of a brain acetylcholine receptor alpha subunit able to bind alpha-bungarotoxin.". J. Biol. Chem. 265 (17): 9816–24. PMID 2351675. 
  • Steinlein OK, Mulley JC, Propping P, et al. (1995). "A missense mutation in the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 4 subunit is associated with autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy.". Nat. Genet. 11 (2): 201–3. doi:10.1038/ng1095-201. PMID 7550350. 
  • Phillips HA, Scheffer IE, Berkovic SF, et al. (1995). "Localization of a gene for autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy to chromosome 20q 13.2.". Nat. Genet. 10 (1): 117–8. doi:10.1038/ng0595-117. PMID 7647781. 
  • Monteggia LM, Gopalakrishnan M, Touma E, et al. (1995). "Cloning and transient expression of genes encoding the human alpha 4 and beta 2 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits.". Gene 155 (2): 189–93. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(94)00914-E. PMID 7721089. 
  • Steinlein O, Smigrodzki R, Lindstrom J, et al. (1995). "Refinement of the localization of the gene for neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 4 subunit (CHRNA4) to human chromosome 20q13.2-q13.3.". Genomics 22 (2): 493–5. doi:10.1006/geno.1994.1420. PMID 7806245. 
  • Steinlein O, Weiland S, Stoodt J, Propping P (1997). "Exon-intron structure of the human neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 4 subunit (CHRNA4).". Genomics 32 (2): 289–94. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0119. PMID 8833159. 
  • Bonaldo MF, Lennon G, Soares MB (1997). "Normalization and subtraction: two approaches to facilitate gene discovery.". Genome Res. 6 (9): 791–806. doi:10.1101/gr.6.9.791. PMID 8889548. 
  • Elliott KJ, Ellis SB, Berckhan KJ, et al. (1997). "Comparative structure of human neuronal alpha 2-alpha 7 and beta 2-beta 4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits and functional expression of the alpha 2, alpha 3, alpha 4, alpha 7, beta 2, and beta 4 subunits.". J. Mol. Neurosci. 7 (3): 217–28. doi:10.1007/BF02736842. PMID 8906617. 
  • Groot Kormelink PJ, Luyten WH (1997). "Cloning and sequence of full-length cDNAs encoding the human neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits beta3 and beta4 and expression of seven nAChR subunits in the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y and/or IMR-32.". FEBS Lett. 400 (3): 309–14. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(96)01383-X. PMID 9009220. 
  • Hirose S, Iwata H, Akiyoshi H, et al. (1999). "A novel mutation of CHRNA4 responsible for autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy.". Neurology 53 (8): 1749–53. doi:10.1212/wnl.53.8.1749. PMID 10563623. 
  • Samochocki M, Zerlin M, Jostock R, et al. (2001). "Galantamine is an allosterically potentiating ligand of the human alpha4/beta2 nAChR.". Acta Neurol. Scand., Suppl. 176: 68–73. PMID 11261808. 
  • Jeanclos EM, Lin L, Treuil MW, et al. (2001). "The chaperone protein 14-3-3eta interacts with the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 4 subunit. Evidence for a dynamic role in subunit stabilization.". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (30): 28281–90. doi:10.1074/jbc.M011549200. PMID 11352901. 
  • Engidawork E, Gulesserian T, Balic N, et al. (2002). "Changes in nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits expression in brain of patients with Down syndrome and Alzheimer's disease.". J. Neural Transm. Suppl. (61): 211–22. doi:10.1007/978-3-7091-6262-0_17. PMID 11771745. 
  • Deloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J, et al. (2002). "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20.". Nature 414 (6866): 865–71. doi:10.1038/414865a. PMID 11780052. 
  • Bertrand D, Picard F, Le Hellard S, et al. (2002). "How mutations in the nAChRs can cause ADNFLE epilepsy.". Epilepsia. 43 Suppl 5: 112–22. doi:10.1046/j.1528-1157.43.s.5.16.x. PMID 12121305. 
  • Heeschen C, Weis M, Aicher A, et al. (2002). "A novel angiogenic pathway mediated by non-neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.". J. Clin. Invest. 110 (4): 527–36. doi:10.1172/JCI14676. PMC 150415. PMID 12189247. 

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.