CIA activities in Pakistan
This is a list of activities ostensibly carried out by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency within Pakistan. It has been alleged by such authors as Ahmed Rashid that the CIA and ISI (Inter-Services Intelligence; Pakistan's premier intelligence agency) have been waging a clandestine war. The Afghan Taleban—with whom the United States is officially in conflict—is headquartered in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas and according to some reports is largely funded by the ISI. The Pakistani government denies this.
On January 13, 2006, the CIA launched an airstrike on Damadola, a Pakistani village near the Afghan border, where they believed Ayman al-Zawahiri was located. The airstrike killed a number of civilians but al-Zawahiri apparently was not among them. The Pakistani government issued a strong protest against the US attack, considered a violation of Pakistan's sovereignty. However, several legal experts argue that this cannot be considered an assassination attempt as al-Zawahiri is named as terrorist and an enemy combatant by the United States, and therefore this targeted killing is not covered under Executive Order 12333, which banned assassinations. However this still remains a violation of sovereignty of Pakistan according to international law.
A new NIE focused on three years, The Terrorist Threat to the US Homeland, says "Al Qaeda has reorganized to pre-9/11 strength and is preparing for a major US strike has sparked debate among government officials and observers about the Bush administration's foreign policy and counterterrorism efforts." It "indicates that the Islamic terrorist organization's rise has been bolstered by the Iraq war and the failure to counter extremism in Pakistan's tribal areas.
Operation Cannonball, a CIA operation, was disclosed in 2008. Began in 2006, it was intended as part of an effort to capture Osama Bin Laden and eliminate Al Qaeda forces in Pakistan. The operation was reportedly hampered by conflicts between CIA offices, leading to large delays in the deployment of the program. The existence of the covert program, and its various internal conflicts, was revealed to the public by the New York Times on June 30, 2008. The New York Times article was said to be "exposing highly classified Pentagon orders".
Pakistan in 2011
In January 2011 CIA contractor Raymond Allen Davis fatally shot dead two young men on the streets of Lahore, Punjab after on claims that he was defending himself. His status as a CIA contractor was discovered after he was arrested by Punjab police and charged with 2 counts of murder and the possession of illegal firearms.
- Milton Bearden - CIA station chief in Pakistan, 1986-1989
- Inter-Services Intelligence activities in the United States
- Rashid, Ahmed (2012). "A Sliver of Hope: Counterinsurgency in Swat". Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of America, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. New York, New York: Viking. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-670-02346-2.
- "Pakistani agents 'funding and training Afghan Taliban'". BBC News. 2010-06-13. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- Priest, Dana (May 15, 2005). "Surveillance Operation in Pakistan Located and Killed Al Qaeda Official". Washington Post: A25. Retrieved April 15, 2007.
- Linzer, Dafna; Griff Witte (January 14, 2006). U.S. Airstrike Targets Al Qaeda's Zawahiri. The Washington Post. pp. A09. Retrieved April 22, 2006.
- Elizabeth B. Bazan (January 4, 2002). "Assassination Ban and E.O. 12333:A Brief Summary" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved April 26, 2006.
- Tom O'Connor, Mark Stevens (November 2005). "The Handling of Illegal Enemy Combatants". Archived from the original on May 5, 2006. Retrieved April 26, 2006.
- "Memorandum on Executive Order 12333 and Assassination" (PDF). Retrieved April 26, 2006.
- Jeffrey Addicott (November 7, 2002). "The Yemen Attack: Illegal Assassination or Lawful Killing". Retrieved April 26, 2006.
- Mark Mazzetti, Dave Rodhe (June 30, 2008). "Amid Policy Disputes, Qaeda Grows in Pakistan". New York Times. Retrieved June 30, 2008.
- McLeod, Judi (June 30, 2008). "New York Times again exposes "highly classified Pentagon order"". Canada Free Press. Retrieved June 30, 2008.
- "C.I.A. Outlines Pakistan Links With Militants", by Mark Mazzetti and Eric Schmitt, July 30, 2008, New York Times
- "Pakistan denies 'malicious' report on CIA confrontation", July 30, 2008, Agence France Press