CIA activities in Pakistan

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This is a list of activities ostensibly carried out by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency within Pakistan. It has been alleged by such authors as Ahmed Rashid that the CIA and ISI (Inter-Services Intelligence; Pakistan's premier intelligence agency) have been waging a clandestine war.[1] The Afghan Taleban—with whom the United States is officially in conflict—is headquartered in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas and according to some reports is largely funded by the ISI. The Pakistani government denies this.[2]

Pakistan 2005[edit]

On May 15, 2005, it was reported that Predator drones had been used to kill Al-Qaeda figure Haitham al-Yemeni in a targeted killing inside Pakistan.[3]

Pakistan 2006[edit]

On January 13, 2006, the CIA launched an airstrike on Damadola, a Pakistani village near the Afghan border, where they believed Ayman al-Zawahiri was located. The airstrike killed a number of civilians but al-Zawahiri apparently was not among them.[4] The Pakistani government issued a strong protest against the US attack, considered a violation of Pakistan's sovereignty. However, several legal experts argue that this cannot be considered an assassination attempt as al-Zawahiri is named as terrorist and an enemy combatant by the United States, and therefore this targeted killing is not covered under Executive Order 12333, which banned assassinations.[5][6][7][8] However this still remains a violation of sovereignty of Pakistan according to international law.

Pakistan 2007[edit]

A new NIE focused on three years, The Terrorist Threat to the US Homeland, says "Al Qaeda has reorganized to pre-9/11 strength and is preparing for a major US strike has sparked debate among government officials and observers about the Bush administration's foreign policy and counterterrorism efforts." It "indicates that the Islamic terrorist organization's rise has been bolstered by the Iraq war and the failure to counter extremism in Pakistan's tribal areas.

Pakistan 2008[edit]

Operation Cannonball, a CIA operation, was disclosed in 2008.[9] Began in 2006, it was intended as part of an effort to capture Osama Bin Laden and eliminate Al Qaeda forces in Pakistan.[9] The operation was reportedly hampered by conflicts between CIA offices, leading to large delays in the deployment of the program.[9] The existence of the covert program, and its various internal conflicts, was revealed to the public by the New York Times on June 30, 2008.[10] The New York Times article was said to be "exposing highly classified Pentagon orders".[10]

In July 2008, CIA officials confronted Pakistan officials with evidence of ties between Inter-Services Intelligence and Jalaluddin Haqqani.[11] ISI refutes this report.[12]

2010 CIA Station Chief removal in Pakistan[edit]

On December 16 2010, The CIA evacuated its Station Chief from Pakistan after his cover was blown in legal action brought by relatives of a person killed in a 31 December 2009 drone attack, for which the Station Chief was accused of being responsible.[13] The CIA, in a rare move, recalled the Station Chief, citing "security concerns" and concerns about his safety.[14] Neither the CIA nor the US government officially recognise Station Chiefs, but they are acknowledged to exist by intelligence organizations.[15][16]

Pakistan 2011[edit]

In January 2011 CIA contractor Raymond Allen Davis fatally shot dead two young men on the streets of Lahore, Punjab after on claims that he was defending himself. His status as a CIA contractor was discovered after he was arrested by Punjab police and charged with 2 counts of murder and the possession of illegal firearms.

Pakistan 2012[edit]

Shakil Afridi, a Pakistani doctor who spied for the Central Intelligence Agency to locate Osama bin Laden, was jailed for 33 years by a Pakistani court on charges of treason.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rashid, Ahmed (2012). "A Sliver of Hope: Counterinsurgency in Swat". Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of America, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. New York, New York: Viking. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-670-02346-2. 
  2. ^ "Pakistani agents 'funding and training Afghan Taliban'". BBC News. 2010-06-13. Retrieved 2013-12-09. 
  3. ^ Priest, Dana (May 15, 2005). "Surveillance Operation in Pakistan Located and Killed Al Qaeda Official". Washington Post: A25. Retrieved April 15, 2007. 
  4. ^ Linzer, Dafna; Griff Witte (January 14, 2006). "U.S. Airstrike Targets Al Qaeda's Zawahiri". The Washington Post. pp. A09. Retrieved April 22, 2006. 
  5. ^ Elizabeth B. Bazan (January 4, 2002). "Assassination Ban and E.O. 12333:A Brief Summary" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved April 26, 2006. 
  6. ^ Tom O'Connor, Mark Stevens (November 2005). "The Handling of Illegal Enemy Combatants". Archived from the original on May 5, 2006. Retrieved April 26, 2006. 
  7. ^ "Memorandum on Executive Order 12333 and Assassination" (PDF). Retrieved April 26, 2006. 
  8. ^ Jeffrey Addicott (November 7, 2002). "The Yemen Attack: Illegal Assassination or Lawful Killing". Retrieved April 26, 2006. 
  9. ^ a b c Mark Mazzetti, Dave Rodhe (June 30, 2008). "Amid Policy Disputes, Qaeda Grows in Pakistan". New York Times. Retrieved June 30, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b McLeod, Judi (June 30, 2008). "New York Times again exposes "highly classified Pentagon order"". Canada Free Press. Retrieved June 30, 2008. 
  11. ^ "C.I.A. Outlines Pakistan Links With Militants", by Mark Mazzetti and Eric Schmitt, July 30, 2008, New York Times
  12. ^ "Pakistan denies 'malicious' report on CIA confrontation", July 30, 2008, Agence France Press
  13. ^ Walsh, Declan (2010-12-17). "CIA chief in Pakistan leaves after drone trial blows his cover". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  14. ^ Brulliard, Karin; Miller, Greg (2010-12-18). "Top CIA spy in Pakistan pulled amid threats after public accusation over attack". The Washington Post (Washington DC, US). Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  15. ^ Rajghatta, Chidanand (2010-12-16). "ISI blows cover of CIA man in Islamabad". The Times of India (Mumbai, India). Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  16. ^ "CIA man pulled out of Pakistan amid drone attack storm". Channel 4 News (London, UK). 2010-12-17. Retrieved 2010-12-19.