- "CIII" redirects here. For the number in Roman numerals, see 103 (number).
|Toronto, Paris, London, Ottawa, and Southern Ontario|
|City of license||Toronto, Ontario|
Global News (newscasts)
|Slogan||We Know Toronto|
|Channels||Digital: 41 (UHF)
Virtual: 41.1 (PSIP)
(Shaw Television Limited Partnership)
|First air date||January 6, 1974 (in Paris; moved to Toronto in 2009)|
|Call letters' meaning||C
III - Canada's third television network, and the station's cable 3 position on many cable systems in Ontario
|Former callsigns||CKGN-TV (1974–1984)
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
41 (UHF, 1988–2011)
|Former affiliations||Independent (1974–1997)|
|Transmitter power||100 kW|
|Licensing authority||Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission|
CIII-DT-41, UHF channel 41, is a Global Television Network owned-and-operated television station located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada that serves as the flagship station of the network. The station is owned by the Shaw Media division of Shaw Communications. CIII's studios are located at 81 Barber Greene Road (near Leslie Street) in the Don Mills district of central Toronto, and its transmitter is located atop the CN Tower in downtown Toronto. The station serves much of the population of Ontario through a network of 13 transmitters across primarily the southern and central portions of the Canadian province. CIII can also be seen on Rogers Cable channels 3 and 116 and in high definition on digital channel 517; it is also available on Bell TV channel 211 and in high definition on channel 1052.
The station launched on January 6, 1974 under the callsign CKGN-TV; it had branded itself as the "Global Television Network" upon its launch, a name which reflected its then-unprecedented coverage of several Ontario markets through a network of satellite-fed transmitters. From its launch in 1974 until 2009, the station's main transmitter was licensed to Paris, a small town near Brantford, but Toronto became the station's primary city of licence following an amendment to the channel 41 licence in 2009. Through its entire history, however, the station's main studio has always been in Toronto – having been based in the Don Mills section of the city since it signed on.
It had hoped to be distinct from CBC and CTV by airing a number of its own Canadian-made programs. Three months later, however, the station was in deep financial trouble, and had cancelled many of its own programs. To survive, the network essentially became a clone of CTV, airing as much non-Canadian content as allowed (at the time, Canadian content regulations required stations to broadcast domestically produced programs for 50% of its overall schedule, and 60% during prime time). The station's financial difficulties continued until it was bailed out by two conglomerates in 1977, one based in Ontario, the other in western Canada. Several years later, both tried to buy out the other's interest, and the CRTC ended the contest by allowing the western group to take full ownership, a landmark change in Canadian broadcasting that ended the dominance of central Canada.
The station's callsign was changed to CIII-TV in January 1984, in accordance with its 10th anniversary. The Windsor/Cottam transmitter would be an exception for a few years as it continued to be identified in CRTC documents as CKGN-TV-1, perhaps because of licensing issues with nearby Detroit broadcasters (the CKGN callsign was formerly used by CKNY-TV in North Bay, Ontario from 1955 to 1962; the CKGN calls are now used by an FM radio station in Kapuskasing, Ontario).
CIII has evolved into a much more Toronto-centric station in recent years. Previously, it employed a number of freelance journalists from across the province who filed reports for Global News. This, along with extensive provincewide weather coverage, gave the station a distinctive Ontario feel for many years. In the late 1990s, its focus turned almost exclusively toward Toronto.
CIII was originally owned by Global Communications, which was fully acquired by Izzy Asper in 1989 and later became known as Canwest. Asper's stations (including CKVU-TV in Vancouver, Saskatchewan stations CFRE-TV/Regina and CFSK-TV/Saskatoon, CKND-TV in Winnipeg and CIHF-TV in Halifax) formed a mini-network for a number of years that was known as the Canwest Global System, those stations eventually began using the "Global" brand (in addition to CIII) in 1997, evolving into a single national television network. Around this time, CIII became known internally as "Global Ontario", but generally avoided the name on-air, even after most other Global stations began using regional branding in 2006. The Ontario station began to identify as "Global Toronto" in 2009 following the aforementioned licence amendment, but continues to use only the main Global logo in its bug, unlike other Global stations.
CIII-DT presently broadcasts 28 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with five hours on weekdays and 1½ hours on weekends). In addition to its main news department in Toronto, the station also operates a news bureau at the National Press Centre in Ottawa.
Early on, its flagship news program Global News was developed under the guidance of Bill Cunningham, a CBC News veteran, and in the beginning it was anchored by Peter Trueman in Toronto and Peter Desbarats in Ottawa. In the early years, it was one of the most successful and important programs the station had. Peter Trueman has noted in his memoir that the program was groundbreaking: "Our newsroom-studio combination ... served as a model for the new CHAN-TV facilities in Vancouver, and it is currently  the inspiration for Ted Turner's new Cablenews operation in Atlanta". The CBC also looked to it for inspiration when it changed its national news format in the early 1980s. The program also pioneered the use of "regional correspondents", usually print or radio journalists, who would regularly advise the station about stories in their part of Ontario. This allowed field producers and a Global crew to target key stories of the day. "This is the main reason that much of Global's ex-urban coverage has been so effective", Trueman wrote in 1979.
During the 1980s, Global greatly expanded its news operation, with an hour-and-a-half of news starting at 5:30 p.m., plus newscasts at noon and 11 p.m. By the end of the 1980s, the noon news was simply called News at Noon, the 5:30 news was called First News, the 6:00 news was called The Six O'Clock Report, and the 11:00 news was called The World Tonight. Trueman left in 1988. Other anchors over the years have included Mike Anscombe, Beverly Thomson, John Dawe, Jane Gilbert, Peter Kent, Loretta Sullivan, Bob McAdorey, Thalia Assuras and Anne-Marie Mediwake.
In keeping with the avoidance of regional branding noted above, CIII used "Global News", as opposed to a regional name such as "Global Ontario", as its main news brand. In the fall of 2009, however, for news programming, it began using "Global Toronto", since its newscasts focus primarily on that city. Individual newscasts are given separate titles including News Hour (for the early evening newscast) and News Final (for the 11 p.m. newscast). Global Toronto does not have its own entertainment or sports reporters. Entertainment news is provided by Entertainment Tonight Canada and sports news is provided by sports specialty channel The Score Television Network.
From 1994 to 2001, CIII also produced First National, which was anchored by Peter Kent and seen at 6:30 p.m. weeknights. In 2001, the program was replaced by Canada Tonight, which in turn was replaced that fall with Global National, anchored by Kevin Newman, it originated from CHAN's facility in Vancouver before moving to a dedicated studio in Ottawa in February 2008. In January 2009, CIII cancelled its weekday morning newscast Global News Morning, along with the Noon News Hour, with the former being discontinued due to low ratings and both programmes being dropped due to cost-cutting measures at certain Global stations. From February to August 2009, CIII simulcast former Hamilton sister station CHCH-TV's Morning Live newscast each weekday from 7:00 to 9:00 a.m. The CHCH simulcast was later dropped after Canwest sold that station to Channel Zero, with CIII airing second-run lifestyle programming in the morning timeslot, as well as rebroadcasts of the previous night's News Hour Final.
On October 11, 2011, CIII-DT launched a three-hour weekday morning newscast titled The Morning Show, which runs from 6 to 9 a.m. ET and broadcasts from a storefront studio at Shaw Media's Bloor Street building in Downtown Toronto. The station also moved its early evening newscast, News Hour, a half-hour earlier to 5:30 p.m. to coincide with a shift of Global National to the 6:30 p.m. slot, joining Montreal's CKMI-DT and Halifax's CIHF-DT as the only Global stations to carry the network's national newscast in that timeslot.
On August 27, 2012, CIII brought back a midday newscast with the launch of a half-hour weekday noon newscast. Unlike the existing lunch hour newscasts carried on Global's sister stations, the newscast airs for 30 minutes instead of one hour. The expansions to CIII's news programming were part of a benefits package that was included as a condition of the sale of the Global Television Network to Shaw Communcations.
- Global News (1974–present)
- The Trueman Report (11 p.m. newscast; 1979–1988)
- First News (5:30 p.m. newscast; early 1980s–1997)
- "We Know Toronto" (2009–present)
- Rosey Edeh - The Morning Show (weekdays from 6-9:30 a.m.) and The News at Noon (weekdays at noon)
- Liza Fromer - The Morning Show (weekday mornings from 6-9:30 a.m.)
- Carolyn MacKenzie - News Hour Final (weeknights at 11 p.m.)
- Kris Reyes - The Morning Show (weekday mornings from 6-9:30 a.m.)
- Antony Robart - The Morning Show - Local Edition (weekdays from 6-9 a.m.) and The News at Noon (weekdays at noon); also general assignment reporter
- Leslie Roberts - The Morning Show - National Edition (weekdays at 9 a.m.) and News Hour (weeknights at 5:30 p.m.)
- TBD - Evening News and News Final (weekends at 6 and 11 p.m.)
Local program hosts
- Susan Hay - host of Making A Difference; also fill-in anchor
- Leslie Roberts - host of Focus Ontario
- Anthony Farnell - lead meteorologist; News Hour and News Hour Final (weeknights at 5:30 and 11 p.m.); also seen on CKMI-DT/Montreal
- Rosey Edeh - weather anchor; The Morning Show (weekday mornings from 6-9 a.m.) and The News at Noon (weekdays at noon)
- Michelle Jobin - weather specialist; Evening News and News Final (weekends at 6 and 11 p.m.)
- Debbie Neufert - substitute meteorologist
- Rosey Edeh - traffic anchor; The Morning Show (weekday mornings from 6-9 a.m.)
- Kimberly Fowler - airborne traffic reporter
- Mark Carcasole - general assignment reporter
- Alan Carter - Queen's Park Bureau chief
- Marianne Dimain - general assignment reporter
- Rob Leth - general assignment reporter
- Rob Malcolm - general assignment reporter
- Carey Marsden - general assignment reporter
- Mark McAllister - general assignment reporter
- Catherine McDonald - crime specialist
- Lama Nicolas - general assignment reporter
- Sean O'Shea - Consumer SOS investigative reporter
- Jennifer Palisoc - general assignment reporter
- Beatrice Politi - family health reporter
- Cindy Pom - general assignment reporter
- Jackson Proskow - municipal affairs reporter
- Minna Rhee - general assignment reporter
- Terese Sears - general assignment reporter
- David Shum - general assignment reporter
- Allison Vuchnich - Global special features reporter, also reporting for Global National and 16:9 (formerly health reporter)
- Laura Zilke - general assignment reporter
Former on-air staff
There is more former on-air staff, see Global News Morning under Toronto or check here at News operation, meanwhile here is few former on-air staff from reporter and anchor:
- Anne Mroczkowski - co-anchor of Global News Hour (July 1, 2010 - Aug 13, 2013)
- Daru Dhillon - weather and traffic anchor for The Morning Show (2011-2012) 
- Dave Gerry - general assignment reporter and co-host another The Morning Show (Oct 2011 - May 2013)
- Jaclyn Whittal - weather anchor Global Evening News and News Final (Nov 2011 - July 2012)
- Tim Bolen - substitute meteorologist (July 2011 - Sept 2011)
|Station||City of licence||Channel||ERP||HAAT||Transmitter Coordinates|
Virtual: 6.1 (PSIP)
|97 kW||272 m|
|CIII-TV-2||Bancroft||2 (VHF)||100 kW||390 m|
|CIII-DT-4||Owen Sound||26 (UHF)||192 kW||132.0 m|
Virtual: 6.1 (PSIP)
|145 kW||261.3 m|
Virtual: 7.1 (PSIP)
|6.75 kW||346.7 m|
|CIII-DT-12||Sault Ste. Marie||15 (UHF)||6 kW||132 m|
|CIII-DT-13||Timmins||13 (VHF) Virtual: 13.1 (PSIP)||30 kW||175 m|
Virtual: 22.1 (PSIP)
|49 kW||110 m|
Virtual: 27.1 (PSIP)
|275 kW||276.6 m|
|CIII-DT-29||Sarnia-Oil Springs||29 (UHF)
Virtual: 29.1 (PSIP)
|184 kW||209 m|
Virtual: 41.1 (PSIP)
|100 kW||503.0 m|
Virtual: 11.1 (PSIP)
|11.7 kW||141.5 m|
|CFGC-DT-2||North Bay||15 (UHF)||16.8 kW||92.8 m|
A series of rebroadcast transmitters relay the CIII signal to much of Ontario. Most of these use the call sign CIII followed by a number to denote their status as rebroadcasters, except in Sudbury and North Bay where the CFGC call sign is assigned. The most likely explanation for using CFGC is that the close resemblance between the number 1 and the letter I would make CIII-TV-11 an undesirable call sign for Sudbury, while North Bay couldn't use CIII-TV-2 as that call sign is already in use in Bancroft.
These six transmitters formed the original 1974 service:
- CKGN-TV Channel 6 from Paris (serving Hamilton, Brantford and Kitchener-Waterloo)
- CKGN-TV-1 Channel 22 from Cottam (near Windsor; also serving Detroit, Michigan)
- CKGN-TV-2 Channel 2 from Bancroft (serving Belleville)
- CKGN-TV-6 Channel 6 from Gatineau, Quebec (Camp Fortune site, near Ottawa)
- CKGN-TV-22 Channel 22 from Uxbridge (near Toronto; the most powerful transmitter in Canada at the time)
- CKGN-TV-29 Channel 29 from Oil Springs (near Sarnia)
The Cottam transmitter was frequently blank during the airing of prime-time American imports; Windsor is reckoned as part of the Detroit market for purposes of programming rights. This also affected CBC's station in Windsor, CBET, which frequently had to air alternative programs. For more information on this, see Media in Windsor, Ontario and Media in Detroit.
In 1986, the CRTC approved the relocation of the Windsor-area transmitter from Cottam to Stevenson. This transmitter (then CIII-TV-1) was silent for several years following a transmitter fire in the late 1970s. Some time after this, the CIII-TV-22 call letters from the now-disused Uxbridge transmitter were re-assigned to the Stevenson transmitter. The transmitter is located southwest of Wheatley, between Wheatley and Leamington, but its signal is aimed northeast (towards Chatham–Kent), and barely reaches Windsor and Detroit – presumably to protect the Detroit stations.
The Uxbridge transmitter was eliminated in 1988, replaced by CIII-TV-41, broadcasting from the CN Tower in Toronto. For all intents and purposes, given that the station is based in Toronto, this was CIII's main transmitter and Global's flagship even before the station officially moved its licence to Toronto in 2009. This was the case with the Uxbridge transmitter as well. Starting in 2008, CIII began sending its signal to the Toronto transmitter first, since the Paris transmitter did not yet have digital capability.
Other transmitters were gradually introduced, including (launch dates in parenthesis):
- CIII-TV-7 Channel 7 from Midland (November 1987, serving Barrie)
- CIII-TV-4 Channel 4 from Owen Sound (June 1988)
- CIII-TV-27 Channel 27 from Peterborough (October 1988)
- CFGC-TV Channel 11 from Sudbury (December 1992)
- CFGC-TV-2 Channel 2 from North Bay (December 1992)
- CIII-TV-13 Channel 13 from Timmins (December 1992)
- CIII-TV-12 Channel 12 from Sault Ste. Marie (December 1992)
- CIII-TV-55 Channel 55 from Fort Erie (early 1993, serving Niagara Falls and the southern Niagara Region; signal also reaches Buffalo, New York)
CIII is not available in Thunder Bay, but Thunder Bay Television station CHFD broadcasts a large amount of Global programming and uses the Global branding. TBTV's owners, the Dougall family, were concerned about Global threatening their local television monopoly (DougallMedia controls all of the local network television output for the Thunder Bay region and had previously lobbied the CRTC to cease CHCH-TV's cable transmissions in the mid-1990s) and pressured the CRTC to deny Global's application to build a transmitter there. However, in 2009, Thunder Bay Television switched the affiliation of CHFD from CTV to Global. As a result, Global programming is available in Thunder Bay, just not via CIII-TV's province-wide network of repeaters. Similarly, in Kenora, the Shaw-owned former CTV affiliate, CJBN-TV, switched to full-time Global programming in late 2011.
Initial attempts to cover Peterborough and Kingston from the Bancroft transmitter had yielded poor to marginal results; this signal has since been largely supplanted (for Peterborough only) by the more-powerful CIII-TV-27.
In the early 1990s, additional transmitters were added to expand Global's footprint in Ontario.
Following the analog television shutdown and digital conversion, digital television receivers in areas converted to digital will display the local transmitter's virtual channel (or PSIP) as "x.1", with "x" being the station's analog channel number.
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|x.1||1080i||16:9||CIII-HD||Main CIII-DT programming / Global|
|x.2||480i||4:3||CIII-SD||SD simulcast of primary channel|
CIII-TV-41 in Toronto began broadcasting its digital signal in July 2009. The station's analogue signal, over UHF channel 41, was shut down on August 31, 2011, the official date in which Canadian television stations in CRTC-designated mandatory markets transitioned from analogue to digital broadcasts. CIII's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 65 to channel 41, as its original digital channel was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition.
Global also transitioned the CIII-TV Paris, CIII-TV-6 Ottawa and CIII-TV-7 Midland (serving Barrie) transmitters to digital on August 31, 2011. CIII-TV-22 Stevenson (Windsor and Chatham) converted to digital on August 8, 2011. The transmitter operates at a reduced power and its viewing area has shrunk. CIII-TV-55 Fort Erie vacated its channel frequency on August 31, 2011, as Global decided to shut down that transmitter. Coverage to the areas in Canada served by the Fort Erie transmitter are provided by CIII-DT-41 Toronto. Global plans on transitioning its remaining transmitters to digital by 2016, though all of CIII-DT's transmitters except for its Bancroft transmitter are to be converted to digital by February 2013.
Shortly after the 2011 digital transition, an additional digital subchannel (41.2) was launched, carrying a standard definition feed of CIII-DT, which fully duplicates the existing programming on 41.1. However (unlike other Toronto-area stations) this SD feed is not simply a letterboxed or cropped version of the HD feed, instead having different placement for promotional graphics and a separate on-screen bug (without an "HD" annotation). It is therefore possible that the SD feed needs to be broadcast over-the-air in order to continue carriage of this dedicated SD feed on cable and satellite (however, it also serves as a benefit to some over-the-air viewers with 4:3 television sets and digital converters, insofar as it allows those viewers to avoid older 4:3 programs appearing both letterboxed and pillarboxed).
On April 10, 2012, Shaw Media applied for permission to change CIII-DT-6's channel from VHF 6 to UHF 14, switching from circular to elliptical polarization, citing the VHF-Low band's impulse noise (compared to the VHF-High and UHF bands) causing reception issues, which would be mostly resolved with a higher frequency. The power would be increased substantially, from 3.3 kW, to 145 kW. The application admits that it may be short-spaced to Buffalo, New York's WUTV, and Plattsburgh, New York's WPTZ-TV, both of which may be subject to (and cause) some co-channel interference on the edges of CIII-DT-6's service area. This application was approved by the CRTC on July 4, 2012. As of mid-August 2013, CIII-DT-6 has moved to channel 14.
Shaw Media had began applying for permission to convert its transmitters in Northern Ontario to digital, with CFGC-TV channel 11 in Sudbury and CFGC-TV-2 channel 2 in North Bay on June 14, and CIII-TV-12 in Sault Sainte Marie on June 22. The Application for CIII-TV-12 channel 12 in Sault Sainte Marie included switching its digital allotment from VHF 7 to UHF 15, for improved signal quality and slightly more population coverage. The application for CFGC-DT-2 requested the use of UHF 15, instead of UHF 32, as CHCH-TV-6 currently uses that frequency. The digital channel for CFGC-TV has not yet been requested. All three transmitters are to be fed via satellite.
Following the shutdown of the Radio-Canada repeater in Kitchener (CBLFT-TV-8) which had been allocated UHF 17, Shaw had applied on October 10, 2012 to move its CIII-DT digital transmitter in Paris from VHF 6 to UHF 17, for vastly-improved coverage to the Kitchener area. Technical parameters included in the change would be a boost in power and slight decrease in height (4 kW at 311.3 meters on VHF 6, compared to 165 kW (average of 97 kW) at 272 meters on UHF 17). The UHF signal would have a slightly smaller range of broadcast coverage, but Shaw had admitted that areas on the fringes would still be able to receive Global programming via CIII-DT-29, CIII-DT-41 and CIII-TV-4. The application was approved by the CRTC on January 22, 2013. CIII-DT-27 can on most days be seen from as far away as Rochester, New York on channel 27.1.
- CRTC Decision 2009-409
- Peter Trueman, Smoke and Mirrors (McClelland and Stewart), 1980 p. 211. Trueman writes, "without its news service, Global would probably long before have gone under as a network. The news service has given us standing not just with the CRTC, but has generated prestige and credibility with viewers, advertisers, the banks, and the rest of the financial community"
- Peter Trueman, Smoke and Mirrors (McClelland and Stewart), 1980 p. 216
- Peter Trueman, Smoke and Mirrors (McClelland and Stewart), 1980 p. 136
- Global News Boosts Fall Schedule
- Global News Boosts Local Programming Across the Country, Broadcaster Magazine, May 30, 2012.
- CIII-TV - Global News Toronto 2005
- Global-TV Y&R Close / 5:30pm News Open
- Global Toronto - Personalities
- Global Toronto Announces Hosts for The News at Noon, Broadcaster Magazine, August 7, 2012.
- The Morning News Team for announcement , Leaving Daru Dhillon , August 27, 2012.
- Decision CRTC 86-678
- CKGN-TV (now CIII-TV) sign-off, from 1979
- CIII-TV sign-off, from 1984
- Decision CRTC 86-1087
- Global Television Network - Frequently Asked Questions
- Decision CRTC 92-220
- Digital Television - Office of Consumer Affairs (OCA)
- RabbitEars TV Query for CIII
- Global Toronto
- Canadian Communications Foundation - CIII-TV History
- Query the REC's Canadian station database for CIII-TV
- Query the REC's Canadian station database for CFGC-TV (Callsign used in Sudbury and North Bay)
- Query TV Fool's coverage map for CIII