Commanders-in-chief of the North American Aerospace Defense Command

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The NORAD commander-in-chief is always a United States Department of Defense four-star General or equivalent confirmed by the US Senate and is also in command of USNORTHCOM, while the Deputy Commander is always Canadian. Since 2004 commanders have included Admirals.

NORAD Commanders
Number Name Photo Start of term End Subsequent position(s)
1 General Earle E. Partridge, USAF Earle Everard Partridge.jpg 1957 1959 Head, National Command and Control Task Force[1]
2 General Laurence S. Kuter, USAF Gen-Laurence-S--Kuter.jpg 1959 1962
3 General John K. Gerhart, USAF John K Gerhart.jpg 1962 1965
4 General Dean C. Strother, USAF Dean Coldwell Strother.jpg 1965 1966
5 General Raymond J. Reeves, USAF Raymond J Reeves.jpg 1966 1969
6 General Seth J. McKee, USAF Seth J McKee.jpg 1969 1973
7 General Lucius D. Clay, Jr., USAF Lucius D Clay Jr.jpg 1973 1975
8 General Daniel James, Jr., USAF James DanielChappie.jpg 1975 1977
9 General James E. Hill, USAF GEN Hill, James E (cropped).jpg 1977 1979
10 General James V. Hartinger, USAF James V Hartinger.jpg 1980 1984
11 General Robert T. Herres, USAF General Robert Herres, military portrait, 1984.JPEG 1984 1987 1st Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1987–1990)
12 General John L. Piotrowski, USAF John L Piotrowski.jpg 1987 1990
13 General Donald J. Kutyna, USAF Donald Kutyna.jpg 1990 1992
14 General Charles A. "Chuck" Horner, USAF Charles Horner.jpg June, 1992 September, 1994
15 General Joseph W. Ashy, USAF Joseph ashy.jpg September, 1994 August, 1996
16 General Howell M. Estes III, USAF Howell M Estes III.jpg August, 1996 14 August 1998
17 General Richard B. Myers, USAF Richard Myers official portrait 2.jpg 14 August 1998 22 February 2000 5th Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2000–2001)
15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2001–2005)
18 General Ralph E. "Ed" Eberhart, USAF Eberhart re.jpg 22 February 2000 5 November 2004
19 Admiral Timothy J. Keating, USN US Navy 041105-D-0000X-001 Adm. Timothy J. Keating.jpg 5 November 2004 23 March 2007 Commander, U.S. Pacific Command (2007–2009)
20 General Victor E. Renuart Jr., USAF Victor E. Renuart Jr. 2010.jpg 23 March 2007 19 May 2010
21 Admiral James A. Winnefeld, Jr., USN Winnefeld 2010 2.jpg 19 May 2010 3 August 2011
22 General Charles H. Jacoby, Jr., USA Jacoby 2013.jpg 3 August 2011

Deputy commanders[edit]

In recent years deputy commanders have always been Canadian air force lieutenant generals. Prior to the 1968 unification of the Canadian Forces, the deputy commanders were RCAF Air Marshals.[2]

NORAD Deputy Commanders
Number Name Photo Start of term End Notable positions held before or after
1 Air Marshal Roy Slemon, CB, CBE, CD Air Marshal Roy Slemon.jpg 12 September 1957 14 August 1964
2 Air Marshal Clarence Rupert Dunlap, CBE, CD Air Marshal Clarence Dunlap.jpg 15 August 1964 25 August 1967
3 Air Marshal William R. MacBrien OBE, CD AVM W R MacBrien.jpg 26 August 1967 22 January 1969
4 Lieutenant-General Frederick Ralph Sharp CMM, DFC, CD General Frederick Ralph Sharp.jpg 23 January 1969 14 September 1969 Chief of the Defence Staff (1969–1972)
5 Lieutenant-General Edwin Reyno September 1969 August 1972
6 Lieutenant-General Reginald J. Lane, DSO, DFC, CD September 1972 October 1974
7 Lieutenant-General Richard C . Stovel, AFC, CD October 1974 September 1976
8 Lieutenant-General David R. Adamson September 1976 August 1978
9 Lieutenant-General Kenneth E. Lewis 18 August 1978 24 June 1980 Commander of Air Command
10 Lieutenant-General Kenneth J. Thorneycroft June 1980 May 1983
11 Lieutenant-General Donald C. MacKenzie May 1983 August 1986
12 Lieutenant-General Donald M. McNaughton August 1986 August 1989
13 Lieutenant-General Robert W. Morton, CMM, CD August 1989 August 1992
14 Lieutenant-General Brian L. Smith August 1992 August 1994
15 Lieutenant-General J. D. O'Blenis August 1994 August 1995
16 Lieutenant-General L. W. F. Cuppens August 1995 April 1998
17 Lieutenant-General G C Macdonald, CMM, MVO, CD Lieutenant General George Macdonald.png April 1998 August 2001 Vice Chief of Defence Staff, Canadian Forces (2001-2004)
18 Lieutenant-General Ken R. Pennie, CMM, CD Lieutenant-General K R Pennie.jpg 8 August 2001 14 July 2003 Chief of the Air Staff (2003–2005)
19 Lieutenant-General Rick Findley, CMM, MSC, CD Eric A. Rick Findley official portrait.jpg 14 July 2003 2 August 2007
20 Lieutenant-General Charles Bouchard, OC, CMM, MSC, CD Lt Gen Charlie Bouchard (close-up).jpg 2 August 2007 10 July 2009
21 Lieutenant-General Marcel Duval, CMM, CD Marcel Duval.jpg 10 July 2009 15 August 2011
21 Lieutenant-General Thomas J. Lawson, CMM, CD Lieutenant-General Thomas J Lawson.jpg 15 August 2011 4 September 2012 Chief of the Defence Staff
22 Lieutenant-General Alain Parent, OMM, CD Lieutenant-General J A J Parent.jpg 4 September 2012

References[edit]