|Channels||Digital: 49 (UHF)
Virtual: 62.1 (PSIP)
(Rogers Broadcasting, Ltd.)
|First air date||September 8, 1997|
|Call letters' meaning||C
|Former callsigns||CJNT-TV (1997–2011)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
62 (UHF, 1997–2011)
|Former affiliations||Independent (1997–2001 and 2009–2012)
CH / E! (2001–2009)
Omni Television (multicultural programming, interim) (2012–2013)
|Transmitter power||4 kW|
CJNT-DT, virtual channel 62 (UHF digital channel 49), is a City owned-and-operated television station located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The station is owned by Rogers Media. CJNT's transmitter is located at Mount Royal Park, near Downtown Montreal. On Shaw Direct, the channel is available on 366 (Classic) or 097 (Advanced), and in high definition on channel 046 (Classic) or 546 (Advanced). This station can also be seen on Rogers Cable (corporate sister through parent company Rogers Communications) channel 122, Vidéotron cable channel 14 and in high definition on digital channel 614.
Prior to being acquired by Rogers in 2013, CJNT was a multicultural station throughout its existence.
The station signed on the air on September 8, 1997, but had its roots in the 1980s as La Télévision Ethnique du Québec (TEQ), a public access ethnic cable channel. It had plans on moving over-the-air as early as the early 1990s, but was dogged by financial problems. Even after it signed on, its finances were in such a state that it never signed on earlier than noon. Part of the problem was that its effective radiated power was only 11 kilowatts, easily the weakest full-power station in Montreal and one of the weakest in North America – roughly on the same level as low-powered UHF stations in the United States. This effectively limited its over-the-air footprint to the Island of Montreal, Jésus Island and a few areas on the mainland. Most viewers could only get a clear picture on cable.
Many of the people whose shows had aired on TEQ for many years did not make the cut for CJNT because they did not meet the standards for commercial broadcasting. However, many of the shows that did make it were of somewhat marginal quality. Its commitment to ethnic groups was questioned, especially late at night when it would frequently show English-language infomercials for a psychic hotline.
WIC & Canwest
Western International Communications bought CJNT in 1999. WIC owned Montreal's CTV affiliate, CFCF (channel 12), but was facing serious competition from Global, which had expanded into Quebec the same year CJNT signed on. WIC figured CJNT would give it much-needed leverage in Montreal. It planned to relaunch CJNT on the model of Canada's first multicultural station, CFMT in Toronto, with 60% ethnic content and 40% American content. However, WIC was only able to buy the shares of CJNT held by Marie Griffiths, as ownership of the rest of the shares was being contested in court. It was not allowed to make changes to CJNT's license without majority ownership, and its plans became moot when Canwest bought WIC's television assets in 2000. Canwest was not allowed to keep CFCF because Montreal's anglophone population was too small to permit a twinstick with Global station CKMI in Quebec City (CFCF was eventually sold to CTV). However, Canwest was allowed to keep WIC's interest in CJNT, and bought the remaining shares.
Canwest had CJNT file for bankruptcy, and changed its conditions of licence to reduce the ethnic content to 60%. On September 8, 2001, Global relaunched the station with a mixture of ethnic, English- and French-language programming. The bulk of the English-language shows came from Canwest's secondary television system, CH. For all intents and purposes, CJNT thus became the third CH station, and the only one actually licensed to a major Canadian city. Since there was no "H" in "CJNT" (unlike CHCH and CHEK), the CH in Montreal stood for "Canal Horizon" ("CH Horizon" in English), although it changed its on-air brand name to just "CH" in 2002. The station remained a CH branded station until September 7, 2007, when Canwest decided to brand the station as "CJNT Montreal", while CH programming rebranded as E!.
As a CH and later E! station, CJNT had many English-language American imports due to E!'s emphasis on American shows that could not fit onto Global's schedule. Some of E!'s programming, including documentary-based shows such as E! True Hollywood Story, were aired in Spanish, Portuguese and Italian, to help partially fulfill CJNT's ethnic programming requirements.
For much of 2003 and 2004, CJNT fought a "commercial war" with Burlington, Vermont's Fox affiliate, WFFF-TV. Due to Canada's "simultaneous substitution" rules, WFFF frequently moved syndicated reruns of That '70s Show around its schedule to keep its signal from being replaced with CJNT's on Montreal cable providers during the show's broadcast. However, whenever possible, CJNT, which was airing the same show, duplicated the move in order to maintain the signal substitutions. This resulted in a cat-and-mouse game in which the Champlain Valley editions of TV Guide were often out of date before they were published. WFFF depends on advertising in Montreal for its survival, since Montreal is 10 times larger than that station's entire American viewing area.
On February 5, 2009, Canwest announced it would explore "strategic options", including possible sale or closure, for CJNT and its other stations in the E! system, saying "a second conventional TV network is no longer key to the long-term success" of the company. While Rogers Communications, owners of Canada's other over-the-air multicultural television stations through the Omni Television system, seemed to be a logical buyer for CJNT, that company reportedly had no interest in expanding its conventional television holdings at the time.
On June 30, 2009, it was announced that Channel Zero would purchase CJNT and CHCH in Hamilton, Ontario from Canwest in exchange for $12 in cash and the assumption of various station liabilities. The CRTC approved the sale on August 28 of that year.
Channel Zero took control of the station's programming at midnight ET on the morning of August 31. On that date, CJNT disaffiliated from E! (which would shut down later that day) and adopted a new schedule featuring a mix of music videos and already existing local ethnic programming during the day, and foreign movies at night, and reverted to branding itself as simply "CJNT". There was no American simsub programming for the first year. Despite initial plans calling for a majority of the music videos to be foreign, most would end up being English language videos with a moderate amount of French and foreign language videos included. In addition, CJNT would add, in sparse amounts, additional programming during the 2009-2010 season, including Let's Get It On, a mixed martial arts program; Ed the Sock's This Movie Sucks!, a movie show featuring the former MuchMusic character alongside co-host Liana Kerzner and comedian Ron Sparks; and infomercials.
On June 14, 2010, Channel Zero announced it would be rebranding CJNT as Metro 14 in the fall, to appeal to a wider urban audience; the "14" represents its cable slot on Vidéotron in the Greater Montreal area. In September 2010, CJNT began airing American network television series for the first time since Channel Zero took ownership, including Everybody Hates Chris, Jimmy Kimmel Live!, and Nightline. In addition to the American network series, CJNT began airing the CHCH produced talk show, Sportsline with Mark Hebscher. On February 2, 2011 at 6:00 a.m. ET, the station officially rebranded as "Metro 14", months behind the original announced date of fall 2010.
Seeking to expand its television holdings, Rogers Media announced on May 3, 2012 its intent to acquire CJNT from Channel Zero, with plans to convert the station into an owned-and-operated station of its Citytv television system (known simply as City since December 2012). Simultaneously with the announcement of its pending purchase of the station, Rogers also announced it had signed an affiliation agreement with CJNT, allowing it to begin carrying Citytv programming on June 4, 2012, while the sale still awaited approval. The deal gave Citytv stations in all provinces west of Atlantic Canada as well as the system's first television station located east of the Greater Toronto Area; Citytv programming had already been available in Quebec via cable and satellite through distribution of the system's owned-and-operated broadcast stations out of Toronto, Edmonton, Calgary, Winnipeg and Vancouver. The deal was announced at the same time Rogers Media was awaiting CRTC approval of its purchase of cable-only educational service Saskatchewan Communications Network (which had carried Citytv programming from 3 p.m.-6 a.m. daily since January 2, 2012) from Bluepoint Investment Corporation, which effectively made CJNT Citytv's seventh owned-and-operated station. Starting in the fall of 2012, the station began using the brand "Citytv on Metro 14" (later "City on Metro 14") during Citytv programming.
Since CJNT was licensed as a multicultural station, its programming lineup under its Citytv affiliation also included, for the time being, programming from Rogers' Omni Television system, including daily Omni News broadcasts in Italian, Cantonese, Mandarin Chinese, Punjabi and Portuguese languages produced at Omni stations CFMT and CJMT Toronto, and CHNM Vancouver. CJNT was additionally required to broadcast 14 hours of original local ethnic programming each week, which continued to be broadcast in the form of the three-hour Toronto-produced weekday morning show Metro Debut.
In its purchase application to the CRTC, heard at a public hearing on November 7, 2012, Rogers requested to convert CJNT to a full English-language commercial licence with programming and conditions of licence similar to the company's other Citytv stations. Alternatively, if the conversion were not to be approved, Rogers requested that certain of the station's current conditions of licence regarding ethnic programming be relaxed. A separate application was heard as part of the same public hearing for a new Montreal multicultural station, CFHD-DT, filed by a group led by Montreal's Nowrouzzahrai family; Rogers indicated that if CJNT's sale/conversion and the CFHD licence were both approved, it would provide funding for, and make Omni programming available to, the new station. The CRTC approved both the sale and conversion of CJNT and the application for CFHD on December 20, 2012. With the conversion, CJNT is the first over-the-air station in Canadian television history to have its licensed format changed.
Rogers announced it would officially rebrand the station as "City Montreal" on February 4, 2013. It assumed the full City schedule on this date, and finally abandoned the "Metro 14" brand several weeks later. The station continued to air an hour of Omni programming mornings at 7 a.m. and at several other times on weekends until the fall of 2013, as CFHD had not yet launched. As of August 2013, the station produces 15.5 hours a week of locally-based programming consisting of a weekday three-hour morning news program, Breakfast Television (which premiered August 26, 2013), and a weekly half-hour local sports show, Montreal Connected (which premiered May 30, 2013), which Rogers promised to the CRTC in its application to buy CJNT. In addition, an independently produced weekly series, Only In Montreal, began airing in July 2013.
- CJNT (1997–2001)
- CH Horizon (2001–2002)
- CH Montreal (2002–2007)
- CJNT Montreal (2007–2011)
- Metro 14 (2011–2012)
- Citytv on Metro 14 (2012–2013)
- City 14 Montreal (2013–present)
- Breakfast Television (morning newscast; starting August 26, 2013)
- "Closer to You!" (2001–2007)
- "CH Has It All" (2001–2007)
- "Everything Entertainment" (2007–2009; localized version of E! ad campaign)
- "One City, Many Cultures" (2007–2011)
- "Everywhere!" (2012–present)
Digital television and high definition
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|62.1||1080i||16:9||CJNT-DT||Main CJNT-DT programming / City|
On August 27, 2011, four days before Canadian television stations in CRTC-designated mandatory markets were to transition from analogue to digital broadcasts under federal mandate, the station shut down its analog transmitter and flash cut its digital signal into operation on UHF channel 49. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display CJNT-DT's virtual channel as 62.1. However, its digital signal operates at only 4 kilowatts – roughly equivalent to 20 kilowatts for an analogue signal. As a result, the station's coverage area is not much larger than it was in analogue.
- Decision CRTC 99-70
- Decision CRTC 2000-744
- CJNT: Multicultural American celebrity news
- CJNT & WFFF, A War over Canadian commercials heats up. TVHat.
- "Canwest may sell TV stations". cbc.ca, February 5, 2009.
- Grant Robertson, "CanWest puts E! up for sale". The Globe and Mail, February 6, 2009
- Channel Zero Inc. agrees to purchase CHCH-TV Hamilton and CJNT-TV Montreal from Canwest CNW Group (2009-06-30)
- Channel Zero Inc. agrees to purchase CHCH-TV Hamilton and CJNT-TV Montreal from Canwest (Video News Coverage) (2009-06-30)
- Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-536
- Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-537
- Channel Zero Inc. agrees to purchase CHCH Hamilton and CJNT Montreal from Canwest CNW Group (2009-06-30)
- Channel Zero loads up on U.S. network series, The Hollywood Reporter, 14 June 2010
- Channel Zero rebrands, repositions, CJNT Montreal, Cartt.ca 2011-02-02
- Citytv expanding into Quebec & Western Canada, CityNews, May 3, 2012.
- Citytv and SCN Sign Affiliate Agreement CNW press release 2011-12-20
- New METRO14 Schedule Starting Monday, Channel Canada, June 1, 2012.
- Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (2012-09-05). "Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2012-475". Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2012-697, December 20, 2012.
- Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2012-696, December 20, 2012.
- Rogers Media TV Access (2013-01-11). "City Release: City Montreal Debuts Feb. 4 with Full City Schedule". Retrieved 2013-01-11.
- Schedule | Citytv Montreal
- CRTC approves CJNT purchase, new ICI station Fagstein
- Rogers Media TV Access (2013-05-22). "Montreal Natives Alyson Lozoff and Wilder Weir to Co-Host Montreal Connected, Premiering May 30 on City Montreal". Retrieved 2013-05-26.
- Rogers Media TV Access (2013-04-05). "City Greenlights Local Original Series, Only In Montreal". Retrieved 2013-05-26.
- RabbitEars TV Query for CJNT-DT
- Digital Television - Office of Consumer Affairs (OCA)
- City Montreal
- Canadian Communications Foundation - CJNT-TV History
- CJNT at TV Hat
- Query the REC's Canadian station database for CJNT-TV
- Query TV Fool's coverage map for CJNT