|Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football|
|Formation||18 September 1961|
|Membership||41 member associations|
|Secretary General||Enrique Sanz|
The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football commonly known as CONCACAF, is the continental governing body for association football in North America, Central America and the Caribbean. Three South American entities, the independent nations of Guyana and Suriname and the French department of French Guiana, are also members.
CONCACAF was founded in its current form on 18 September 1961 in Mexico City, Mexico, with the merger of the NAFC and the CCCF, which made it one of the then five, now six continental confederations affiliated with FIFA. Its primary administrative functions are to organize competitions for national teams and clubs, and to conduct World Cup qualifying tournaments.
CONCACAF is the third-most successful FIFA confederation despite having the second-fewest countries. Mexico dominated the region during early years, reaching the World Cup quarterfinals twice. However in recent years the United States has been dominant; they remain the only country outside of Europe and South America to receive a medal in the World Cup, finishing third in 1930. They also reached the World Cup quarterfinals during 2002. Both have won all but one of the editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. The United States has been very successful in the women's game, being the only CONCACAF member to win any of the three major worldwide competitions in women's football—the World Cup (2), the Olympics (4), and the Algarve Cup (9).
- 1 Governance
- 2 Leadership
- 3 Corporate structure
- 4 Members
- 5 Membership relation
- 6 Competitions
- 7 Rankings - national teams
- 8 Rankings - clubs
- 9 Financial irregularities
- 10 Hall of fame
- 11 World Cup participation
- 12 Other international tournaments
- 13 Titles by national team
- 13.1 North America
- 13.2 Central America
- 13.3 Caribbean
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 External links
CONCACAF is led by a a General Secretariat, Executive Committee, Congress, and several committees. The Executive Committee is composed of seven members — one chairman, three Vice Presidents, and three members. Each of the three geographic zones in CONCACAF are represented by one Vice President and one member. The Executive Committee carries out the various statutes, regulations, and resolutions.
The first leader of CONCACAF was Costa Rican Ramón Coll Jaumet; he had overseen the merger between the NAFC and the CCCF. He was succeeded in the role by Mexican Joaquín Soria Terrazas in 1969 who served as president for 21 years.
His successor Jack Warner also presided over CONCACAF for 21 years. Warner was suspended as president on 30 May 2011 due to his temporary suspension from football related activity by FIFA following corruption allegations.
On 20 June 2011, Jack Warner resigned from the presidency of CONCACAF, and removed himself from all participation in football, in the wake of the corruption investigation resulting from the 10 May 2011 meeting of the Caribbean Football Union. The vice-president of CONCACAF, Alfredo Hawit, acted as president until May 2012.
In May 2012, Cayman Islands banker Jeffrey Webb was installed as President of CONCACAF.
The headquarters of the CONCACAF (referred to as the office of the president) are currently located in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad—the home city of former CONCACAF president Jack Warner. However, it is expected the headquarters will be relocated to George Town, Cayman Islands, where the newly installed president Jeffrey Webb resides.
The administration office of CONCACAF (referred to as the primary office) is located in Manhattan, New York—the "home town" of Chuck Blazer, the former general secretary. Honduran Alfredo Hawit, acting president between 2011 and 2012 stated that CONCACAF will relocate to Miami, Florida, in late 2012 as it is more accessible to the Central American and Caribbean nations.
In July 2012, Webb appointed Miami-based Enrique Sanz as the CONCACAF General Secretary paving the way for CONCACAF to relocate as the CONCACAF constitution requires the headquarters to be sited in the same city as the General Secretary.
CONCACAF has 41 member associations:
- 31 from the Caribbean
- 7 from Central America
- 3 from North America
|North American Zone (NAFU)|
|USA||United States||(M, W)||1913||1914||1961||Yes|
|Central American Zone (UNCAF)|
|CRC||Costa Rica||(M, W)||1921||1927||1962||Yes|
|SLV||El Salvador||(M, W)||1935||1938||1962||Yes|
|Caribbean Zone (CFU)|
|ATG||Antigua and Barbuda||(M, W)||1928||1972||1972||Yes|
|VGB||British Virgin Islands||(M, W)||1974||1996||1996||Yes|
|CAY||Cayman Islands||(M, W)||1966||1992||1992||Yes|
|DOM||Dominican Republic||(M, W)||1953||1958||1964||Yes|
|GYF||French Guiana2,3||(M, W)||1962||1964||No|
|PUR||Puerto Rico||(M, W)||1940||1960||1961||Yes|
|SKN||Saint Kitts and Nevis||(M, W)||1932||1992||1990||Yes|
|LCA||Saint Lucia||(M, W)||1979||1988||1965||Yes|
|MAF||Saint Martin3||(M, W)||1999||2000||No|
|SVG||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||(M, W)||1979||1988||1988||Yes|
|SXM||Sint Maarten3||(M, W)||1986||1998||No|
|TRI||Trinidad and Tobago||(M, W)||1908||1964||1962||Yes|
|TCA||Turks and Caicos Islands||(M, W)||1996||1998||1996||No|
|VIR||U.S. Virgin Islands||(M, W)||1992||1998||1997||Yes|
M = Men's National Team. W = Women's National Team
1:Inside the North American zone, but CFU member.
2:South American country, but CONCACAF member.
3:Full CONCACAF member, but non-FIFA member.
4:Associate CONCACAF member, but non-FIFA member.
Teams not affiliated to the IOC are not eligible to participate in the Summer Olympics football tournament, as a result they do not participate in the CONCACAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament or the CONCACAF Women's Pre-Olympic Tournament.
Elections at the CONCACAF Congress are mandated with a one-member, one-vote rule. The North American Football Union is the smallest association union in the region with only three members, but its nations have strong commercial and marketing support from sponsors and they are the most populous nations in the region.
The Caribbean Football Union has the ability to outvote NAFU and UNCAF with less than half of its membership. Consequently, there is a fractious relationship between members of CFU, UNCAF and NAFU. This provoked former Acting-President Alfredo Hawit to lobby for the CONCACAF Presidency to be rotated between the three unions in CONCACAF in 2011.
Trinidad's Jack Warner presided over CONCACAF for 21 years, and there was little that non-Caribbean nations could do to elect an alternative. Under Warner, the CFU members voted together as a unit with Warner acting as a party whip. It happened with such regularity that sports political commentators referred to the CFU votes as the "Caribbean bloc" vote. Warner rejected the idea in 1993 of merging several smaller nations' national teams into a Pan-Caribbean team. His reasoning was that the nations were more powerful politically when separate than when together. He commented that "being small is never a liability in this sport".
The Gold Cup and the Champions League are the two most visible CONCACAF tournaments.
CONCACAF Gold Cup
The CONCACAF Gold Cup is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF. The Gold Cup is CONCACAF's flagship competition, and the Gold Cup generates a significant part of CONCACAF's revenue.
The Gold Cup determines the regional champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. The Gold Cup is held every two years. Twelve teams compete for the Gold Cup — three from North America, five from Central America, and four from the Caribbean. The Central American teams qualify through the Central American Cup, and the Caribbean teams qualify through the Caribbean Cup.
The winners of two successive Gold Cups (for example, the 2013 and 2015 editions) face each other in a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the next Confederations Cup. If the same team has won the Gold Cup on both relevant occasions, there will be no playoff and that team automatically qualifies for the Confederations Cup.
CONCACAF Champions League
The CONCACAF Champions League, originally known as the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, is an annual continental club association football competition organised by CONCACAF since 1962 for the top football clubs in the region. It is the most prestigious international club competition in North American football. The winner of the Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup. The tournament consists of two stages. The group stage is played from August to October, and the knockout phase spans March through May.
Twenty four teams compete in each Champions League — 9 from North America, 12 from Central America, and 3 teams from the Caribbean. The North American and Central American teams qualify through their national leagues or other national tournaments, while the Caribbean teams qualify through the CFU Club Championship.
The title has been won by 28 different clubs, 17 of which have won the title more than once. Mexican clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, with 29 titles. The second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División with six titles in total. Mexican sides Cruz Azul and América are the most successful clubs in the competition's history, having won the tournament five times each. The reigning champions of the competition are Monterrey, after beating Santos Laguna 4–2 on aggregate.
CONMEBOL tournaments with CONCACAF competitors
Rankings - national teams
- Last updates:
- Men's national teams: 13 March 2014
- Women's national teams: 21 June 2013
|Top men's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
|____||Top women's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
|1||14||United States||1,017||1||1||United States||2228|
|4||34||Costa Rica||732||4||40||Costa Rica||1568|
|5||36||Honduras||725||5||48||Trinidad and Tobago||1500|
|6||76||Trinidad and Tobago||446||6||58||Haiti||1397|
|16||139||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||177|
|18||144||Antigua and Barbuda||159|
For a complete list of national rankings see the FIFA Rankings website.
Rankings - clubs
Last updated: 1 May 2012
Last updated: 16 March 2014
At the CONCACAF Congress in May 2012 in Budapest, Hungary, legal counsel John P. Collins informed the members of CONCACAF of several financial irregularities. Collins revealed that Jack Warner, the former CONCACAF President, had registered the $22 million 'Dr. João Havelange Centre of Excellence' development in Port-of-Spain under the name of two companies that Warner owned. In addition, Warner had secured a mortgage against the asset in 2007 which the CONCACAF members were also unaware of; the mortgage was co-signed by Lisle Austin, a former vice-president of CONCACAF. The loan defaulted.
Collins also revealed that CONCACAF, despite most of its income coming from the United States, had not paid any tax to the Internal Revenue Service since at least 2007 and had never filed a return in the United States. Although CONCACAF is a registered non-profit organisation in the Bahamas and headquartered in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, they have an administration office in New York, and BDO and CONCACAF invited the IRS to investigate potential liabilities. It is thought that CONCACAF may have to pay up to $2 million plus penalties.
Chuck Blazer stated that a full financial audit into CONCACAF by New-York based consultancy BDO was delayed due to the actions of Jack Warner and his personal accountant, and the accounts could not be "signed off" as a consequence.
In addition, Blazer is to sue CONCACAF for unpaid commission of sponsorship and marketing deals which he had made in 2010 during his time as General Secretary. Blazer received a 10% commission on any deal that he made on behalf of CONCACAF.
The Bermuda FA asked members of CONCACAF to lobby FIFA to remove Blazer from his position on the FIFA Executive Committee. Blazer suggested that it was less to do with financial irregularities and more for his role in the removal of Jack Warner in the Caribbean Football Union corruption scandal: "I spent 21 years building the confederation and its competitions and its revenues and I'm the one responsible for its good levels of income . . . I think this is a reflection of those who were angry at me having caused the action against Warner. This is also a reaction by people who have their own agenda."
Jack Warner presided over CONCACAF for 21 years. Warner was one of the most controversial figures in world football. Warner was suspended as president on 30 May 2011 due to his temporary suspension from football related activity by FIFA following corruption allegations. A power struggle developed at CONCACAF following the allegations against Warner. The allegations against Warner were reported to the FIFA ethics committee by Chuck Blazer, the secretary general of CONCACAF. The acting president of CONCACAF, Lisle Austin, sent Blazer a letter saying he was "terminated as general secretary with immediate effect". Austin described Blazer's actions as "inexcusable and a gross misconduct of duty and judgement" and said the American was no longer fit to hold the post. The executive committee of CONCACAF later issued a statement saying that Austin did not have the authority to fire Blazer, and the decision was unauthorized. On 20 June 2011, Jack Warner resigned from the presidency of CONCACAF, all posts with FIFA, and removed himself from all participation in football, in the wake of the corruption investigation resulting from the 10 May 2011 meeting of the Caribbean Football Union. The vice-president of CONCACAF, Alfredo Hawit, acted as president until May 2012.
Hall of fame
World Cup participation
- 1st – Champion
- 2nd – Runner-up
- 3rd – Third place
- 4th – Fourth place
- QF – Quarterfinals
- R16 – Round of 16 (since 1986: knockout round of 16)
- GS – Group stage (in the 1950, 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages, this refers to the first group stage)
- 1S – First knockout stage (1934–1938 Single-elimination tournament)
- — Did not qualify
- — Did not enter / withdrew / banned
- — Hosts
World Cup results
Only ten CONCACAF members have ever reached the FIFA World Cup since its inception in 1930, five of them accomplishing the feat only once. No team from the region has ever reached the final at the World Cup, but the United States has reached the semifinal in a FIFA World Cup in the first edition in 1930, where they were awarded third place, and they also reached the quarterfinal round in 2002. Mexico and Cuba have also reached the quarterfinal round. Cuba advanced to the quarterfinals in their only appearance, the 1938 FIFA World Cup. Mexico did so both times they hosted the World Cup, 1970 and 1986.
Costa Rica has been the third most successful team in the men's game. In three World Cup appearances they reached the knockout stage out of a group in 1990 with euro champions Sweden, and eventual champions Brazil. In 2002 in a "group of death" with eventual third place finishers Turkey, Asian champions China, and eventual champions Brazil, the Central Americans missed out on a place in the knockout stage on goal differential. Cuba reached the quarterfinals in 1950, and Jamaica is the smallest country to win a World Cup match.
The following table shows the CONCACAF representatives at each edition of the World Cup, sorted by number of appearances:
|Trinidad and Tobago||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||GS||•||•||1||12|
World Cup hosting
CONCACAF nations have hosted the FIFA World Cup three times.
The 1970 FIFA World Cup took place in Mexico, the first World Cup tournament to be staged in North America, and the first held outside Europe and South America. Mexico was chosen as the host nation in 1964 by FIFA's congress ahead of the only other submitted bid from Argentina. The tournament was won by Brazil. The victorious team led by Carlos Alberto, and featuring players such as Pelé, Gérson, Jairzinho, Rivelino, and Tostão, is often cited as the greatest-ever World Cup team. They achieved a perfect record of wins in all six games in the finals. Despite the issues of altitude and high temperature, the finals produced attacking football which created an average goals per game record not since bettered by any subsequent World Cup Finals. The 1970 Finals attracted a new record television audience for the FIFA World Cup and, for the first time, in colour.
In 1986, Mexico became the first country to host the FIFA World Cup twice when it stepped in to stage the 1986 FIFA World Cup after the original host selection, Colombia, suffered financial problems. Colombia was originally chosen as hosts by FIFA in June 1974. However, the Colombian authorities eventually declared in November 1982 that they could not afford to host the World Cup because of economic concerns. Mexico was selected on 20 May 1983 as the replacement hosts, beating the bids of Canada and the United States, and thereby became the first nation to host two World Cups. This second World Cup in Mexico came 16 years after the first one in 1970.
The United States won the right to host the 1994 FIFA World Cup, defeating bids from Brazil and Morocco. The vote was held in Zurich on July 4, 1988, and only took one round with the United States bid receiving a little over half of the votes by the Exco members. FIFA hoped that by staging the world's most prestigious football tournament there, it would lead to a growth of interest in the sport - one condition FIFA imposed was the creation of a professional football league; Major League Soccer, starting in 1996. The U.S. staged a hugely successful tournament, with average attendance of nearly 69,000 breaking a record that surpassed the 1966 FIFA World Cup average attendance of 51,000 thanks to the large seating capacities the American stadiums provided for the spectators in comparison to the smaller venues of Europe and Latin America. To this day, the total attendance for the final tournament of nearly 3.6 million remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition to 32 teams at the 1998 World Cup.
CONCACAF is considered a favorite to host the 2026 FIFA World Cup, given that Europe will host in 2018, Asia in 2022, and South America is pushing for the 2030 centenary bid.
Women's World Cup results
The following table shows the CONCACAF representatives at each edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, sorted by number of appearances.
Other international tournaments
FIFA Confederations Cup
Honduras has reached the semis of the Copa America twice in four total appearances. Costa Rica has twice reached the quarterfinals, and Mexico has twice finished as runners up. The US national team has reached the semifinals once.
Titles by national team
- Winners (1): 1990
- Gold Medal (1): 1904
- Winners (1): 2011
- Bronze Medal (1): 2012
- FIFA Confederations Cup
- Summer Olympics
- Toulon Tournament
- Winners (1): 2012
- Copa América
- Pan-American Games
- FIFA U-20 World Cup
- CONCACAF U-20 Championship
- Runners-Up (1): 1991
- Gold Medal (1): 1991
- International Honors
- Algarve Cup: 8
- Regional Honors
- Gold Medal (1): 1999
- International Honors
- Winners (6): 1991 Champions, 1997 Champions, 1999 Champions, 2003 Champions, 2005 Champions, 2007 Champions
- World Cup qualification First place (2): 1990,2002:
- Winners (7): 1941, 1946, 1948, 1953, 1955, 1960, 1961
- Winners (1): 2001 Champions
- Winners (1): 2009 Champions
- "Quarterfinals(1):" 1938 FIFA World Cup
- Winners (1): 1973 Champions
- List of CONCACAF competitions
- Timeline of football
- List of Presidents of CONCACAF
- Confederation of African Football (CAF)
- Asian Football Confederation (AFC)
- Oceania Football Confederation (OFC)
- CONCACAF Awards — In November 2013, CONCACAF announced that they would create annual awards for the best players, coaches, and referees.
- North American Football Confederation
- Confederacion Centroamericana y del Caribe de Futbol
- Soccer in the United States
- Soccer in Canada
- Soccer in Mexico
- (Spanish: Confederación de Fútbol de Norte, Centroamérica y el Caribe), Spanish pronunciation: [komfeðeɾaˈθjon de ˈfuðβol de ˈnorte ˈθentɾoaˈmeɾika j el kaˈɾiβe], locally: [komfeðeɾaˈsjon de ˈfutβol de ˈnorte ˈsentɾoaˈmeɾika j el kaˈɾiβe]; French: Confédération de football d'Amérique du Nord, d'Amérique centrale et des Caraïbes French pronunciation: [kɔ̃fedeʁasjɔ̃ də futbɔl dameʁik dy nɔʁ dameʁik sɑ̃tʁal e dɛ kaʁaib].
- (// KON-kə-kaf)
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to CONCACAF.|
- Official website
- CONCACAF Statutes
- Confederation of North Central American & Caribbean Association Football, Soccerlens.com. Retrieved 09/10/2010.
- CONCACAF at DMOZ