|Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football|
|Formation||18 September 1961|
|Membership||41 member associations|
|Secretary General||Enrique Sanz|
The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (Spanish: Confederación de Fútbol de Norte, Centroamérica y el Caribe; French: Confédération de football d'Amérique du Nord, d'Amérique centrale et des Caraïbes), commonly known as CONCACAF (// KON-kə-kaf); is the continental governing body for association football in North America, Central America and the Caribbean. Three South American entities, the independent nations of Guyana and Suriname and the French department of French Guiana, are also members.
CONCACAF was founded in its current form on 18 September 1961 in Mexico City, Mexico, with the merger of the NAFC and the CCCF, which made it one of the then five, now six continental confederations affiliated with FIFA. It is the third most successful fifa confederation despite having the second fewest countries. Its primary administrative functions are to organize competitions for national teams and clubs, and to conduct World Cup qualifying tournaments.
Mexico dominated the region during early years reaching the quarterfinals of the world cup twice. However in recent years the United States has been dominant, they remain the only country outside of Europe and South America to receive a medal in the world cup having finished third in 1930. They also reached the quarterfinals in the World Cup during 2002. Both have won all but one of the editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. The United States has been very successful in the women's game, being the only CONCACAF member to win any of the three major worldwide competitions in women's football—the World Cup (2), the Olympics (4), and the Algarve Cup (9).
- 1 Leadership
- 2 Corporate structure
- 3 Members
- 4 Membership relation
- 5 Competitions
- 6 CONCACAF awards
- 7 Rankings
- 8 Titles by national team
- 8.1 North America
- 8.2 Central America
- 8.3 Caribbean
- 9 Financial irregularities
- 10 Hall of fame
- 11 World Cup Participation and Results
- 12 See also
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The first leader of CONCACAF was Costa Rican Ramón Coll Jaumet; he had overseen the merger between the NAFC and the CCCF. He was succeeded in the role by Mexican Joaquín Soria Terrazas in 1969 who served as president for 21 years.
His successor Jack Warner also presided over CONCACAF for 21 years. Warner was one of the most controversial figures in world football. Warner was suspended as president on 30 May 2011 due to his temporary suspension from football related activity by FIFA following corruption allegations. A power struggle developed at CONCACAF following the allegations against Warner. The allegations against Warner were reported to the FIFA ethics committee by Chuck Blazer, the secretary general of CONCACAF. The acting president of CONCACAF, Lisle Austin, sent Blazer a letter saying he was "terminated as general secretary with immediate effect". Austin described Blazer's actions as "inexcusable and a gross misconduct of duty and judgement" and said the American was no longer fit to hold the post. The executive committee of CONCACAF later issued a statement saying that Austin did not have the authority to fire Blazer, and the decision was unauthorized. On 20 June 2011, Jack Warner resigned from the presidency of CONCACAF, all posts with FIFA, and removed himself from all participation in football, in the wake of the corruption investigation resulting from the 10 May 2011 meeting of the Caribbean Football Union. The vice-president of CONCACAF, Alfredo Hawit, acted as president until May 2012.
In May 2012, Cayman Islands banker Jeffrey Webb was installed as President of CONCACAF.
The headquarters of the CONCACAF (referred to as the office of the president) are currently located in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad—the home city of former CONCACAF president Jack Warner. However, it is expected the headquarters will be relocated to George Town, Cayman Islands, where the newly installed president Jeffrey Webb resides.
The administration office of CONCACAF (referred to as the primary office) is located in Manhattan, New York—the "home town" of Chuck Blazer, the former general secretary. Honduran Alfredo Hawit, acting president between 2011 and 2012 stated that CONCACAF will relocate to Miami, Florida, in late 2012 as it is more accessible to the Central American and Caribbean nations.
In July 2012, Webb appointed Miami-based Enrique Sanz as the CONCACAF General Secretary paving the way for CONCACAF to relocate as the CONCACAF constitution requires the headquarters to be sited in the same city as the General Secretary.
M = Men's National Team
W = Women's National Team
|Code||Association||National teams||Founded||FIFA affiliation||CONCACAF affiliation||IOC member|
|North American Zone (NAFU)|
|USA||United States||(M, W)||1913||1914||1961||Yes|
|Central American Zone (UNCAF)|
|CRC||Costa Rica||(M, W)||1921||1927||1962||Yes|
|SLV||El Salvador||(M, W)||1935||1938||1962||Yes|
|Caribbean Zone (CFU)|
|ATG||Antigua and Barbuda||(M, W)||1928||1972||1972||Yes|
|VGB||British Virgin Islands||(M, W)||1974||1996||1996||Yes|
|CAY||Cayman Islands||(M, W)||1966||1992||1992||Yes|
|DOM||Dominican Republic||(M, W)||1953||1958||1964||Yes|
|GYF||French Guiana2,3||(M, W)||1962||1964||No|
|PUR||Puerto Rico||(M, W)||1940||1960||1961||Yes|
|SKN||Saint Kitts and Nevis||(M, W)||1932||1992||1990||Yes|
|LCA||Saint Lucia||(M, W)||1979||1988||1965||Yes|
|MAF||Saint Martin3||(M, W)||1999||2000||No|
|SVG||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||(M, W)||1979||1988||1988||Yes|
|SXM||Sint Maarten3||(M, W)||1986||1998||No|
|TRI||Trinidad and Tobago||(M, W)||1908||1964||1962||Yes|
|TCA||Turks and Caicos Islands||(M, W)||1996||1998||1996||No|
|VIR||U.S. Virgin Islands||(M, W)||1992||1998||1997||Yes|
1:Inside the North American zone, but CFU member.
2:South American country, but CONCACAF member.
3:Full CONCACAF member, but non-FIFA member.
4:Associate CONCACAF member, but non-FIFA member.
Teams not affiliated to the IOC are not eligible to participate in the Summer Olympics football tournament, as a result they do not participate in the CONCACAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament or the CONCACAF Women's Pre-Olympic Tournament.
There is a fractious relationship between members of CFU, UNCAF and NAFU . The elections at the CONCACAF Congress are mandated with a one-member, one-vote rule. The North American Football Union are the smallest association union in the region but its nations have strong commercial and marketing support from sponsors and they are the most populous nations in the region.
The Caribbean Football Union have the ability to outvote NAFU and UNCAF with less than half of their membership. This provoked former Acting-President Alfredo Hawit to lobby for the CONCACAF Presidency to be rotated between the three unions in CONCACAF in 2011. For 21 years, Warner had presided over CONCACAF and there was little that non-Caribbean nations could do to elect an alternative.
Under Trinidadian Jack Warner, the CFU members would vote together as a unit and Warner would act as a party whip. It happened with such regularity that sports political commentators would refer to the CFU votes as the "Caribbean bloc" vote.
In 1993 Warner had rejected the idea of merging several smaller nations' national teams into a Pan-Caribbean team. His reasoning was that the nations were more powerful politically when separate than when together. He commented that "being small is never a liability in this sport".
- Central American Cup – Central America, top 5 qualify for the Gold Cup.
- Caribbean Cup – Caribbean, top 4 qualify for the Gold Cup.
- NAFC Championship (1947,1949).
- CCCF Championship (1941–1961).
- CONCACAF Championship (1963–1989).
- CFU Championship (1978–1985).
- North American Nations Cup (1990,1991).
- CFU Club Championship – Caribbean, top 3 qualify for the Champions League.
- Interamerican Cup
- CONCACAF Champions' Cup
- CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup
- CONCACAF Giants Cup
- SuperLiga – North America regional championship
- Copa Interclubes UNCAF – Central America regional championship
CONMEBOL tournaments with CONCACAF competitors
In November 2013, CONCACAF announced that they would create annual awards for the best performing players, coaches, and referees.
- Last updates:
- Men's national teams: 4 July 2013
- Women's national teams: 21 June 2013
- Clubs: 1 May 2012
|Top men's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
|Top women's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
Rankings are calculated by the IFFHS based
on matches played over the last year.
|1||13||United States||880||1||1||United States||2228||1||44||Monterrey||169.5|
|3||39||Costa Rica||688||3||24||Mexico||1768||3||84||Monarcas Morelia||127.5|
|4||51||Panama||601||4||40||Costa Rica||1568||3||84||Cruz Azul||127.5|
|5||55||Honduras||582||5||48||Trinidad and Tobago||1500||5||108||Seattle Sounders||116.5|
|8||82||Cuba||457||8||88||Dominican Republic||1226||8||156||Sport Herediano||97.5|
|9||87||Trinidad and Tobago||419||9||91||Cuba||1201||9||163||UANL||94.5|
|10||88||Canada||413||10||97||El Salvador||1181||10||180||Toronto FC||90.5|
|11||90||Dominican Republic||396||11||100||Suriname||1159||11||191||Los Angeles Galaxy||88.5|
|15||122||Antigua and Barbuda||265||15||122||Dominica||906||15||232||Guadalajara||76.5|
|16||123||Grenada||264||16||126||Antigua and Barbuda||757||16||300||Municipal||72.0|
|19||131||Puerto Rico||241||19||347||Real Estelí||66.0|
|20||132||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||238||20||371||Tauro FC||64.0|
|21||139||Saint Kitts and Nevis||218||21||384||Olimpia||63.0|
|31||187||U.S. Virgin Islands||46|
|32||193||British Virgin Islands||34|
|35||207||Turks and Caicos Islands||0|
Titles by national team
- Winners (1): 1990
- Gold Medal (1): 1904
- Winners (1): 2011
- Bronze Medal (1): 2012
- FIFA Confederations Cup
- Summer Olympics
- Toulon Tournament
- Winners (1): 2012
- Copa América
- Pan-American Games
- FIFA U-20 World Cup
- CONCACAF U-20 Championship
- Runners-Up (1): 1991
- Gold Medal (1): 1991
- International Honors
- Algarve Cup: 8
- Regional Honors
- Gold Medal (1): 1999
- International Honors
- Winners (6): 1991 Champions, 1997 Champions, 1999 Champions, 2003 Champions, 2005 Champions, 2007 Champions
- World Cup qualification First place (2): 1990,2002:
- Winners (7): 1941, 1946, 1948, 1953, 1955, 1960, 1961
- Winners (1): 2001 Champions
- Winners (1): 2009 Champions
- "Quarterfinals(1):" 1938 FIFA World Cup
- Winners (1): 1973 Champions
At the 2012 CONCACAF Congress which took place during May in Budapest, Hungary, legal counsel John P. Collins told the members of CONCACAF of several financial irregularities. Collins revealed that Jack Warner, the former CONCACAF President had registered the $22 million Dr. João Havelange Centre of Excellence development in Port-of-Spain under the name of two companies that Warner owned.
In addition Warner had secured a mortgage against the asset in 2007 which the CONCACAF members were also unaware of, the mortgage was co-signed by Lisle Austin, a former vice-president of CONCACAF. The loan defaulted.
Collins also revealed that CONCACAF, despite most of its income coming from the United States had not paid any tax to the Internal Revenue Service since at least 2007 and had never filed a return in the United States. Although CONCACAF is a registered non-profit organisation in the Bahamas and headquartered in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, they have an administration office in New York and BDO and CONCACAF invited the IRS to investigate potential liabilities. It is thought that CONCACAF may have to pay up to $2million plus penalties.
Chuck Blazer stated that a full financial audit into CONCACAF by New-York based consultancy BDO was delayed due to the actions of Jack Warner and his personal accountant and the accounts could not be "signed off" as a consequence.
In addition, Blazer is to sue CONCACAF for unpaid commission of sponsorship and marketing deals which he had made in 2010 during his time as General Secretary. Blazer received a 10% commission on any deal that he made on behalf of CONCACAF.
The Bermuda FA asked members of CONCACAF to lobby FIFA to remove Blazer from his position on the FIFA Executive Committee. Blazer suggested that it was less to do with financial irregularities and more for his role in the removal of Jack Warner in the Caribbean Football Union corruption scandal: "I spent 21 years building the confederation and its competitions and its revenues and I'm the one responsible for its good levels of income. I'm perfectly satisfied that I did an excellent job. I think this is a reflection of those who were angry at me having caused the action against Warner. This is also a reaction by people who have their own agenda. I now have to consider what my options are but to say the least I am very disappointed."
Hall of fame
World Cup Participation and Results
- 1st – Champion
- 2nd – Runner-up
- 3rd – Third place
- 4th – Fourth place
- QF – Quarterfinals
- R16 – Round of 16 (since 1986: knockout round of 16)
- GS – Group stage (in the 1950, 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages, this refers to the first group stage)
- 1S – First knockout stage (1934–1938 Single-elimination tournament)
- — Did not qualify
- — Did not enter / withdrew / banned
- — Hosts
Only ten CONCACAF members have ever reached the FIFA World Cup since its inception in 1930, five of them accomplishing the feat only once. No team from the region has ever reached the final at the World Cup, but the United States has reached the semifinal in a FIFA World Cup in the first edition in 1930, where they were awarded third place, and they also reached the quarterfinal round in 2002. Mexico and Cuba have also reached the quarterfinal round. Cuba advanced to the quarterfinals in their only appearance, the 1938 FIFA World Cup. Mexico did so both times they hosted the World Cup, 1970 and 1986.
Costa Rica has been the third most successful team in the men's game. In three World Cup appearances they reached the knockout stage out of a group in 1990 with euro champions Sweden, and eventual champions Brazil. In 2002 in a "group of death" with eventual third place finishers Turkey, Asian champions China, and eventual champions Brazil, the Central Americans missed out on a place in the knockout stage on goal differential. Cuba reached the quarterfinals in 1950, and Jamaica is the smallest country to win a World Cup match.
The following table shows the CONCACAF representatives at each edition of the World Cup, sorted by number of appearances:
|Trinidad and Tobago||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||GS||•||•||1||12|
Women's World Cup
The following table shows the CONCACAF representatives at each edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, sorted by number of appearances.
FIFA Confederations Cup
Honduras has reached the semis of the Copa America twice in four total appearances. Costa Rica has twice reached the quarterfinals, and Mexico has twice finished as runners up. The US national team has reached the semifinals once.
- List of CONCACAF competitions
- Timeline of football
- List of Presidents of CONCACAF
- Confederation of African Football (CAF)
- Asian Football Confederation (AFC)
- Oceania Football Confederation (OFC)
- Spanish pronunciation: [komfeðeɾaˈθjon de ˈfuðβol de ˈnorte ˈθentɾoaˈmeɾika j el kaˈɾiβe], locally: [komfeðeɾaˈsjon de ˈfutβol de ˈnorte ˈsentɾoaˈmeɾika j el kaˈɾiβe].
- French pronunciation: [kɔ̃fedeʁasjɔ̃ də futbɔl dameʁik dy nɔʁ dameʁik sɑ̃tʁal e dɛ kaʁaib].
- Concacaf Main | CONCACAF Home | About Us | National Associations. Concacaf.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-14.
- "Bin Hammam and Warner suspended after FIFA investigation". CNN. 29 May 2011.
- "Chuck Blazer 'survives sacking attempt', says Concacaf". BBC News Online. 1 June 2011.
- "Concacaf bans president Austin after Blazer 'sacking'". BBC News Online. 4 June 2011.
- FIFA announces Jack Warner resignation 20 June 2011. Fifa.com (20 June 2011). Retrieved on 2011-10-14.
- "Concacaf Suspends Its Acting President on Eve of Gold Cup". The New York Times. 4 June 2011.
- "CONCACAF Statutes" (pdf). CONCACAF. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "Hawit: "Concacaf cambiará la sede a Miami"". laprensa.hn. 13 November 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "CONCACAF tries to oust Blazer". Sport24.co.za. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "CONCACAF appoints Enrique Sanz as General Secretary". CONCACAF.com. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- "Warner Rejects Idea Of Caribbean Team". Jamaica Gleaner. 4 August 1993.
- "Inaugural CONCACAF Awards to Be Presented in December". CONCACAF.com. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- Gomez, Eric (1 July 2012). "Mexico U23 3–0 Turkey U23: El Tri win their first Toulon tournament". Goal.com. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "CONCACAF finances laid bare". thisislondon.co.uk. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- Panja, Tariq (23 May 2012). "Concacaf Soccer Body Tells Members About Financial Mismanagement". Bloomberg. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "Fifa Exco member Chuck Blazer accused of financial irregularities". Guardian. 22 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "CONCACAF hall of fame". CONCACAF.com.
- There was no Third Place match in 1930; The United States and Yugoslavia lost in the semifinals. FIFA recognizes the United States as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team using the overall records of the teams in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to CONCACAF.|
- Official website
- CONCACAF Statutes
- Confederation of North Central American & Caribbean Association Football, Soccerlens.com. Retrieved 09/10/2010.
- CONCACAF on the Open Directory Project