CONCACAF Champions League

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CONCACAF Champions League
2015–16 CONCACAF Champions League.png
Founded 1962 (2008 in its
current format)
Region North America (CONCACAF)
Number of teams 24
Current champions Mexico Cruz Azul
(6th title)
Most successful club(s) Mexico Cruz Azul
(6 titles)
Website Official website
2014–15 CONCACAF Champions League

The CONCACAF Champions League, originally known as the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, is an annual continental club football competition organized by the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) since 1962 for the top football clubs in the region. It is the most prestigious international club competition in North American football. The winner of the CONCACAF Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup.

The tournament consists of two stages. The group stage is played from August to October, in which there are eight groups of three teams each. The eight group winners enter the knockout phase, which spans March through May. Unlike its European and South American counterparts, the winners of the CONCACAF Champions League do not automatically qualify for the following season's competition.[1]

The title has been won by 28 different clubs, 17 of which have won the title more than once. Mexican clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, with 30 titles. The second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División with six titles in total. Mexican side Cruz Azul is the most successful club in the competition's history having won the tournament six times, followed by Mexican teams América with five titles and Pachuca with four titles. The only teams to successfully defend the trophy are Cruz Azul, Pachuca, and Monterrey. The reigning champions of the competition are Cruz Azul, after beating Toluca F.C. 1–1 on aggregate with an away goal.

Champions' Cup trophy won by CD Olimpia in 1972

Beginning 2015, the tournament is sponsored by Scotiabank, and officially known as the Scotiabank CONCACAF Champions League.[2][3]

Competition format[edit]

Each tournament has two parts — a group stage held from August to October, and a knockout phase held from March to May of the following year. The group stage consists of 24 teams playing in eight groups of three teams each, with each team playing the other two teams in its group twice. United States and Mexican sides cannot be drawn into the same group. The winner of each of the eight groups advances to the quarterfinals. Each phase of the knockout rounds (quarterfinals, semifinals, finals) consist of a two-leg home-and-away series with the winner determined by aggregate goal differential.[4] Seeding in the knockout phase is determined by performance during the group stage.

Prior to the 2012–13 season, the competition had involved four groups of four, with one Mexican team and one U.S. team in each group.

History[edit]

The competition was initially created as a possible measure to enter the South American Copa Libertadores, a competition organized by CONMEBOL. Prior to 2008, the tournament was officially called the "CONCACAF Champions' Cup", but was usually referred to simply as the "Champions' Cup". The competition has had several different formats over its lifetime. From 1962 until 1995, the finalists, or clubs participating in a final round, would be decided by clubs who qualify via two separate brackets: a Caribbean Island qualifier and a Northern/Central American qualification competition. Initially, only the champions of the North American leagues participated. In 1971, the runners-up of a few North American leagues began to join and the tournament began to be expanded, incorporating round-robin group phases and more teams. After the creation of the United States' Major League Soccer, the competition became a straight knockout competition from 1997 until it was revamped into the current tournament in 2008.

Champions' Cup era (1962–2008)[edit]

The competition's former format, a knockout tournament called the Champions' Cup, was played under a variety of formats. The last format, used from 2004 to 2008, had eight teams competing – four from the North American zone (two from the Mexico, two from the United States), three from the Central American zone, and one from the Caribbean zone. Since 2005, the champion of the competition also gained entry into the FIFA Club World Cup, giving clubs an added incentive for a strong participation and greater interest from fans. Also, the Champions' Cup Runner-up would be one of the three CONCACAF invitees to the Copa Sudamericana.

Champions League era (2008–present)[edit]

The CONCACAF Executive Committee at their 2006 November meeting decided to "act upon" a proposal--first delineated in 2003 by then Head of Special Projects Mel Brennan--at their next meeting by the CONCACAF Secretariat to develop the CONCACAF Champions’ Cup into a larger "Champions League" style event. The CONCACAF Executive Committee reported on November 14, 2007 some of the details.[5] The previous Champions' Cup format was used as planned in Spring 2008. Then, a newly expanded Champions League tournament was conducted starting in August 2008 and concluding in May 2009. The initial setup involved 24 teams and featured a Preliminary Round contested by 16 teams to reduce the field to 16 teams, which were separated into four groups of four teams.[5][6] After the Group Stage, the Championship Round are held from the Quarterfinal Round onward. Since 2012, the 24 teams have been divided into eight groups of three teams. The first placed teams qualify for the quarter finals. The quarter finals, semi finals and final are played over two legs.

Qualifying[edit]

The current format features 24 teams in total:

From the North American Zone:

4 clubs from Mexico Mexico
4 clubs from the United States United States
1 club from Canada Canada

From the Caribbean Zone:

3 clubs, qualifying via the CFU Club Championship.[7]

From the Central American Zone:

3 clubs from Costa Rica Costa Rica
2 clubs from Honduras Honduras
2 clubs from El Salvador El Salvador
2 clubs from Guatemala Guatemala
2 clubs from Panama Panama
1 club from Nicaragua Nicaragua

The MLS Cup winner, the winner of the MLS Supporters' Shield (the team with the best regular-season record) and the winner of the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup receive three of the United States's four berths. Until 2013–2014, the fourth berth went to the losing MLS Cup finalist, but since then it has been awarded to the team with the next best regular season record in the opposite conference to the Shield winner. If the same team qualifies multiple times, or if a Canadian team occupies one or more of the MLS qualifying places, then the American MLS team(s) with the best regular-season records not otherwise qualified are entered.

The team qualifying from Canada is the winner of the Canadian Championship. Canadian sides can not qualify for the CONCACAF Champions League through MLS, even if they win the MLS Cup or the Supporters' Shield. A one-time exception to this rule is for the CONCACAF 2015-2016 Champions League, due to the shift in the timeframe of the Canadian Championship that year. Instead, the best Canadian team in the MLS 2014 regular season earns the lone Canadian berth for the 2015–16 tournament.

Stadium standards[edit]

If a club fails to meet the standards for its home stadium, the club must find a suitable stadium in its own country, and if the club fails to provide the adequate facilities, it runs the risk of being replaced by another team.[8] Real Esteli of Nicaragua failed stadium requirements and was replaced by another team for the 2009-10 and 2010-11 seasons.[9] Estadio Independencia in Nicaragua has since been renovated, including upgrades to stadium lighting, and Nicaraguan teams now participate.[10] The qualifying team from Belize has failed stadium requirements and has been replaced by another team in each season from 2009-10 to the present.

If one or more of the twelve Central American clubs is precluded, it will be supplanted by a club from the best Central American league, based on results from the current Champions League. If any Caribbean club is precluded, it will be supplanted by the club who finished 4th in the CFU Club Championship.

Attendance Record[edit]

Rank Date Host Club Visitor Club Venue Attendance
1 April 8, 2015 Club América Club Sport Herediano Estadio Azteca, Mexico City 66,208
2 April 22, 2015 Club América Montreal Impact Estadio Azteca, Mexico City 56,783[11]
3 February 23, 2009 Montreal Impact Santos Laguna Olympic Stadium, Montreal 55,571
4 March 7, 2012 Toronto FC LA Galaxy Rogers Centre, Toronto 47,658
5 March 4, 2015 Club América Deportivo Saprissa Estadio Azteca, Mexico City 40,688
6 March 3, 2015 Montreal Impact Pachuca CF Olympic Stadium, Montreal 38,104

Finals[edit]

Champions Cup Era[edit]

Year Winner Score Runner-up
1962
Details
Guadalajara Mexico 1 – 0 / 5 – 0
Aggr. 6 – 0
Guatemala Comunicaciones
1963
Details
Haïtien Haiti (2) Mexico Guadalajara
1967
Details
Alianza El Salvador 1 – 2 / 3 – 0
Aggr. 4 – 2
Netherlands Antilles Jong Colombia
1968
Details
Toluca Mexico (2)
1969
Details
Cruz Azul Mexico 0 – 0 / 1 – 0
Aggr. 1 – 0
Guatemala Comunicaciones
1970
Details
Cruz Azul Mexico (2)
1971
Details
Cruz Azul Mexico (1) Costa Rica Alajuelense
1972
Details
Olimpia Honduras 0 – 0 / 2 – 0
Aggr. 2 – 0
Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands) Robinhood
1973
Details
Transvaal Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands) (2)
1974
Details
Municipal Guatemala 2 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggr. 4 – 2
Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands) Transvaal
1975
Details
Atlético Español Mexico 2 – 0 / 1 – 1
Aggr. 3 – 1
Suriname Transvaal
1976
Details
Águila El Salvador 6 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggr. 8 – 2
Suriname Robinhood
1977
Details
América Mexico 1 – 0 / 0 – 0
Aggr. 1 – 0
Suriname Robinhood
1978
Details
Universidad de Guadalajara Mexico
Comunicaciones Guatemala
Defence Force Trinidad and Tobago
(3)
1979
Details
FAS El Salvador 1 – 1 / 7 – 1
Aggr. 8 – 2
Netherlands Antilles Jong Colombia
1980
Details
UNAM Mexico (1) Honduras Universidad
1981
Details
Transvaal Suriname 1 – 0 / 1 – 1
Aggr. 2 – 1
El Salvador Atlético Marte
1982
Details
UNAM Mexico 0 – 0 / 3 – 2
Aggr. 3 – 2
Suriname Robinhood
1983
Details
Atlante Mexico 1 – 1 / 5 – 0
Aggr. 6 – 1
Suriname Robinhood
1984
Details
Violette Haiti (2)
1985
Details
Defence Force Trinidad and Tobago 2 – 0 / 0 – 1
Aggr. 2 – 1
Honduras Olimpia
Year Winner Score Runner-up
1986
Details
Alajuelense Costa Rica 4 – 1 / 1 – 1
Aggr. 5 – 2
Suriname Transvaal
1987
Details
América Mexico 1 – 1 / 2 – 0
Aggr. 3 – 1
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force
1988
Details
Olimpia Honduras 2 – 0 / 2 – 0
Aggr. 4 – 0
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force
1989
Details
UNAM Mexico 1 – 1 / 3 – 1
Aggr. 4 – 2
Cuba FC Pinar del Río
1990
Details
América Mexico 2 – 2 / 6 – 0
Aggr. 8 – 2
CubaFC Pinar del Río
1991
Details
Puebla Mexico 3 – 1 / 1 – 1
Aggr. 4 – 2
Trinidad and Tobago Police FC
1992
Details
América Mexico 1 – 0 Costa Rica Alajuelense
1993
Details
Saprissa Costa Rica (1) Mexico León
1994
Details
Cartaginés Costa Rica 3 – 2 Mexico Atlante
1995
Details
Saprissa Costa Rica (1) Guatemala Municipal
1996
Details
Cruz Azul Mexico (1) Mexico Necaxa
1997
Details
Cruz Azul Mexico 5 – 3 United States L.A. Galaxy
1998
Details
D.C. United United States 1 – 0 Mexico Toluca
1999
Details
Necaxa Mexico 2 – 1 Costa Rica Alajuelense
2000
Details
L.A. Galaxy United States 3 – 2 Honduras Olimpia
2002
Details
Pachuca Mexico 1 – 0 Mexico Monarcas Morelia
2003
Details
Toluca Mexico 3 – 3 / 2 – 1
Aggr. 5 – 4
Mexico Monarcas Morelia
2004
Details
Alajuelense Costa Rica 1 – 1 / 4 – 0
Aggr. 5 – 1
Costa Rica Saprissa
2005
Details
Saprissa Costa Rica 2 – 0 / 1 – 2
Aggr. 3 – 2
Mexico UNAM
2006
Details
América Mexico 0 – 0 / 2 – 1
Aggr. 2 – 1
Mexico Toluca
2007
Details
Pachuca Mexico 2 – 2 / 0 – 0
Aggr. 2 – 2
7–6p
Mexico Guadalajara
2008
Details
Pachuca Mexico 1 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggr. 3 – 2
Costa Rica Saprissa
  • The abbreviation "aggr." represents the aggregate score across two matches.

1 No final match was held; the championship was decided by a final round.

2 Championship won due to withdrawal and/or disqualification of all other teams.

3 Universidad de Guadalajara, Comunicaciones and Defence Force were all declared joint winners after the 1978 final tournament was cancelled due to administrative problems and disagreements on match dates.

Champions League era[edit]

Season Winner Aggregate
Score
Runner-up Losing Semifinalists
2008–09 C.F. Atlante Mexico 2 – 0 Mexico Cruz Azul Mexico Santos Laguna
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Islanders
2009–10 Pachuca Mexico 2 – 2
(Away goals 1 – 0)
Mexico Cruz Azul Mexico Toluca
Mexico UNAM
2010–11 Monterrey Mexico 3 – 2 United States Real Salt Lake Mexico Cruz Azul
Costa Rica Saprissa
2011–12 Monterrey Mexico 3 – 2 Mexico Santos Laguna Mexico UNAM
Canada Toronto FC
2012–13 Monterrey Mexico 4 – 2 Mexico Santos Laguna United States Los Angeles Galaxy
United States Seattle Sounders FC
2013–14 Cruz Azul Mexico 1 – 1
(Away goals 1 – 0)
Mexico Toluca Mexico Tijuana
Costa Rica Alajuelense
2014–15 Canada Montreal Impact vs. Mexico América
Tournament in progess
Costa Rica Alajuelense
Costa Rica Herediano
2015–16 Qualification in progress

Notes:

  • All scores listed are aggregate scores across the two home-and-away legs, unless otherwise noted.

Records and statistics[edit]

Champions Cup[edit]

Champions Cup Winners[edit]

Finalists[edit]

Pos. Team Titles Years won Years runner-up
1 Mexico CD Cruz Azul 6 (1969, 1970, 1971, 1996, 1997, 2014) (2009, 2010)
2 Mexico Club América 5 (1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006)
3 Mexico C.F. Pachuca 4 (2002, 2007, 2008, 2010)
4 Costa Rica Deportivo Saprissa 3 (1993, 1995, 2005) (2004, 2008)
Mexico UNAM Pumas 3 (1980, 1982, 1989) (2005)
Mexico C.F. Monterrey 3 (2011, 2012, 2013)
5 Suriname SV Transvaal 2 (1973, 1981) (1974, 1975, 1986)
Costa Rica LD Alajuelense 2 (1986, 2004) (1971, 1992, 1999)
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force 2 (1978, 1985) (1987, 1988)
Honduras CD Olimpia 2 (1972, 1988) (1985, 2000)
Mexico Club Toluca 2 (1968, 2003) (1998, 2006)
Mexico Atlante F.C. 2 (1983, 2009) (1994)
6 Mexico CD Guadalajara 1 (1962) (1963, 2007)
Guatemala CSD Comunicaciones 1 (1978) (1962, 1969)
Guatemala CSD Municipal 1 (1974) (1995)
Mexico Necaxa 1 (1999) (1996)
United States Los Angeles Galaxy 1 (2000) (1997)
Haiti Racing Club Haïtien 1 (1963)
El Salvador Alianza FC 1 (1967)
Mexico Atlético Español 1 (1975)
El Salvador CD Águila 1 (1976)
Mexico Universidad de Guadalajara 1 (1978)
El Salvador Club Deportivo FAS 1 (1979)
Haiti Violette AC 1 (1984)
Mexico Puebla F.C. 1 (1991)
Costa Rica CS Cartaginés 1 (1994)
United States DC United 1 (1998)

(When sorted by years won or lost, the table is sorted by the date of each team's first win)

Performances by country[edit]

Rank Nation Winner Runner-up Winners Runners-up
1  Mexico 30 15 Cruz Azul (6), América (5), Pachuca (4), UNAM (3), Monterrey (3), Toluca (2), Atlante (2), Guadalajara (1), Necaxa (1), Puebla (1), Universidad de Guadalajara (1), Español (1) Toluca (3), Guadalajara (2), Cruz Azul (2), Monarcas Morelia (2), Santos (2), UNAM (1), Necaxa (1), Atlante (1), León (1)
2  Costa Rica 6 5 Saprissa (3), Alajuelense (2), Cartaginés (1) Alajuelense (3), Saprissa (2)
3  El Salvador 3 1 Alianza (1), Águila (1), FAS (1) Atlético Marte (1)
4  Suriname 2 8 Transvaal (2) Robinhood (5), Transvaal (3)
5  Guatemala 2 3 Municipal (1), Comunicaciones (1) Comunicaciones (2), Municipal (1)
 Honduras 2 3 Olimpia (2) Olimpia (2), Universidad (1)
 Trinidad and Tobago 2 3 Defence Force (2) Defence Force (2), Police FC (1)
8  United States 2 2 D.C. United (1), Los Angeles Galaxy (1) Los Angeles Galaxy (1), Real Salt Lake (1)
9  Haiti 2 0 Haïtien (1), Violette (1)
10  Cuba 0 2 Pinar del Río (2)
 Curaçao 0 2 Jong Colombia (2)

Champions League[edit]

Champions League Winners[edit]

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
Mexico Monterrey 3 0 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13
Mexico Cruz Azul 1 2 2013–14 2008–09, 2009–10
Mexico Pachuca 1 0 2009–10
Mexico Atlante 1 0 2008–09
Mexico Santos Laguna 0 2 2011–12, 2012–13
Mexico Toluca 0 1 2013–14
United States Real Salt Lake 0 1 2010–11

Top countries (Champions League)[edit]

Rank Country Winner Runner
-up
Losing
Semi-
finalist
Winner Runner Up Losing
Semifinalist
1  Mexico 6 5 6 Cruz Azul (2014),
Monterrey (2011, 2012, 2013),
Pachuca (2010), Atlante (2009)
Toluca (2014)
Santos Laguna (2012, 2013)
Cruz Azul (2009, 2010)
Santos Laguna (2009),
UNAM (2010, 2012), Toluca (2010),
Cruz Azul (2011), Tijuana (2014)
2  United States 0 1 2 Real Salt Lake (2011) Los Angeles Galaxy (2013),
Seattle Sounders FC (2013)
3  Costa Rica 0 0 4 Saprissa (2011), Alajuelense (2014, 2015), Herediano (2015)
4  Canada 0 0 1 Toronto FC (2012)
 Puerto Rico 0 0 1 Puerto Rico Islanders (2009)

Best result by country[edit]

Rank Country Best result Best Team (Year)
1  Mexico Champions (x6) Atlante (2009); Pachuca (2010);
Monterrey (2011, 2012, 2013); Cruz Azul (2014)
2  United States Runner-up Real Salt Lake (2011)
3  Canada Finalist Montreal Impact (2015)
4  Costa Rica Semifinals (x4) Saprissa (2011); Alajuelense (2014, 2015); Herediano (2015)
5  Puerto Rico Semifinals Puerto Rico Islanders (2009)
6  Honduras Quarterfinals (x3) Marathon (2009, 2010); Olimpia (2011)
7  Guatemala Quarterfinals (x2) Comunicaciones (2010); Xelaju (2013)
 Panama Quarterfinals (x2) Arabe Unido (2010, 2014)
9  El Salvador Quarterfinals Isidro Metapan (2012)

Notes:

  • Nicaragua has an automatic berth in the Champions League, but no Nicaraguan club has advanced to the knockout rounds. Nicaragua's only team to participate in the Champions League, Real Esteli, has yet to win a match in Champions League group play.

Results by country[edit]

Results are listed in the Wins-Losses-Draws format. Numbers in parentheses are average points (3 for a win, 1 for a draw, 0 for a loss).
Results include matches from preliminary rounds, group play, and knockout play. *Penalty shoot-out considered a separate event from the match which preceded it.

CCL Season Mexico MLS Costa Rica Honduras Canada Guatemala Panama El Salvador
2008–09 23*-12-10
(1.8)
2-10-6
(0.7)
3-3-2
(1.4)
7-5-4 5-2-2
(1.9)
2-3-3 3-7-4 2-3-3
2009–10 30-8-10
(2.1)
7-10-9
(1.2)
2-5-3
(0.9)
9-9-0 0-1-1
(0.5)
3-6-1 5-6-1 1-5-2
2010–11 25-10-6
(2.0)
16-14-8
(1.5)
6-4-2
(1.7)
7-9-2 3-2-2
(1.6)
2-3-3 2-8-0 1-5-4
2011–12 26-14-6
(1.8)
21-16-7
(1.6)
7-6-1
(1.6)
3-11-2 5-3-3
(1.6)
3-4-1 2-4-2 5-7-0
2012–13 19-4-7
(2.1)
16-8-6
(1.9)
5-2-3
(1.8)
2-3-3 2-2-0
(1.5)
4-4-2 0-8-0 2-10-0
2013–14 20*-6-6
(2.1)
13-9*-5
(1.6)
7-7-2
(1.4)
2-5-1 2-2-0
(1.5)
4-4-0 4-5-1 3-3-2
Totals 143-54-45 75-67-41 30-27-13 30-42-12 17-12-7 18-24-10 16-38-8 14-33-11

Attendance records[edit]

The following table shows the highest attended matches in the Champions League era. All of the top attended matches have involved a team from Mexico or Canada hosting.

Attendance Year Round Host Venue Ref
66,208 2015 SF Mexico Club América Estadio Azteca [12]
56,783 2015 Final Mexico Club América Estadio Azteca [13]
55,571 2009 QF Canada Montreal Stade Olympique [14]
47,658 2012 QF Canada Toronto Rogers Centre [15]
40,688 2015 QF Mexico Club America Estadio Azteca [16]
38,104 2015 QF Canada Montreal Stade Olympique [17]
33,675 2015 SF Canada Montreal Stade Olympique [18]
33,667 2013 Final Mexico Monterrey Estadio Tecnologico [19]
33,000 2012 QF Mexico Monterrey Estadio Tecnologico

Awards[edit]

Season Golden Boot Golden Ball Golden Glove Fair play
Player (goals) Club Player Club Player Club Club
2008–09 Javier Orozco (7) Mexico Cruz Azul
2009–10 Ulises Mendivil (9) Mexico C.F. Pachuca
2010–11 Javier Orozco (11) Mexico Cruz Azul
2011–12 Humberto Suazo (7) Mexico C.F. Monterrey Oribe Peralta Mexico Santos Laguna
2012–13 Nicolás Muñoz (6)
Carlos Quintero (6)
El Salvador Isidro Metapán
MexicoSantos Laguna
Aldo de Nigris Mexico C.F. Monterrey Oswaldo Sánchez Mexico Santos Laguna
2013–14 Raúl Nava (7) Mexico Toluca Mariano Pavone Mexico Cruz Azul Alfredo Talavera Mexico Toluca United States LA Galaxy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CONCACAF CHAMPIONS LEAGUE REGULATIONS 2013/2014, Rule 3.7, http://www.concacaf.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/CCL1314-Regulations060313pdf.pdf
  2. ^ "Scotiabank Joins CONCACAF as Official Partner". CONCACAF.com. December 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Official Logo Unveiled for Scotiabank CONCACAF Champions League". CONCACAF.com. February 10, 2015. 
  4. ^ What is CCL?, Portland Timbers. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  5. ^ a b [1]
  6. ^ "We Are the Champions (League)". The Washington Post. 
  7. ^ "Qualifying Format Unveiled for 2008–09 CONCACAF Champions League". CONCACAF Official site. 2008-05-14. Retrieved 2008-07-02. 
  8. ^ "CONCACAF Executive Committee tightens stadium standards for next year's Champions League". CONCACAF Official site. 2008-11-07. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  9. ^ MLSsoccer.com, Real Esteli FC vs. Sporting Kansas City | CONCACAF Champions League Preview, August 6, 2013, http://www.mlssoccer.com/ccl/news/article/2013/08/06/real-esteli-fc-vs-sporting-kansas-city-concacaf-champions-league-preview
  10. ^ Pinolero Sports, Luces, ahora sí, en el Independencia (article in Spanish), Feb. 18, 2011, http://pinolerosports.com/titulares/11-titulares/751-luces-ahora-si-en-el-independencia.html
  11. ^ Moffat, Rick. Twitter https://twitter.com/RickMoffat/status/591255994459643904. Retrieved 23 April 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Champions League: Montreal Impact near sellout for home leg of CCL final at Olympic Stadium", MLSsoccer.com, Oliver Tremblay, 17 April 2015.
  13. ^ Moffat, Rick. Twitter https://twitter.com/RickMoffat/status/591255994459643904. Retrieved 23 April 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Champions League: Montreal Impact near sellout for home leg of CCL final at Olympic Stadium", MLSsoccer.com, Oliver Tremblay, 17 April 2015.
  15. ^ "Club America breaks SCCL attendance record". CONCACAF.com. April 10, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Club America breaks SCCL attendance record". CONCACAF.com. April 10, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Champions League: Montreal Impact near sellout for home leg of CCL final at Olympic Stadium", MLSsoccer.com, Oliver Tremblay, 17 April 2015.
  18. ^ "Champions League: Montreal Impact near sellout for home leg of CCL final at Olympic Stadium", MLSsoccer.com, Oliver Tremblay, 17 April 2015.
  19. ^ "Club America breaks SCCL attendance record". CONCACAF.com. April 10, 2015. 

External links[edit]