CONCACAF Gold Cup

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This article is about the men's competition. For the women's competition, see CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup.
CONCACAF Gold Cup
CONCACAF - Gold Cup.svg
Founded 1991
Region North America, Central America & the Caribbean (CONCACAF)
Number of teams 12
Current champions  United States (5th title)
Most successful team(s)  Mexico (6 titles)
Website www.goldcup.org
2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup

The CONCACAF Gold Cup (Spanish: Copa de Oro de la CONCACAF) is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the regional champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

The Gold Cup is held every two years. Prior to 2015, when the Gold Cup did not fall on the same year as the FIFA Confederations Cup, the winner, or highest placed team that is a member of both CONCACAF and FIFA, qualified for the next staging of that tournament. Beginning in 2015, the winners of two successive Gold Cups (the 2013 and 2015 editions in the first instance) will face each other in a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the next Confederations Cup. If the same team has won the Gold Cup on both relevant occasions, there will be no playoff and that team will automatically qualify for the Confederations Cup.[1]

History[edit]

Winners of the CONCACAF Gold Cup up to 2014

Championships prior to CONCACAF[edit]

Prior to the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) being formed in 1961, association football in the region was divided into smaller, regional divisions. The two main bodies consisted of the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) founded in 1938 (consisting of Central America and most of the Caribbean) and the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) founded in 1946 (consisting of the North American nations of United States, Mexico, Canada, and Cuba). Each confederation held its own competition, the CCCF Championship and the NAFC Championship. The CCCF held 10 championships from 1941–1961, Costa Rica winning seven (1941, ’46, ’48, ’53, ’55, ’60, ’61), and one each by El Salvador (1943), Panama (1951) and Haiti (1957). The NAFC held four championships in 1947 and 1949 and later, after 41 years of absence, in 1990 and 1991 for the North American zone as the North American Nations Cup with Mexico winning three (1947, ’49, ’91) and Canada winning one (1990) before the introduction of the CONCACAF Gold Cup.

CONCACAF Championship[edit]

For more details on this topic, see CONCACAF Championship.

CONCACAF was founded in its current form in 1961 after the merging of NAFC and CCCF and thus resulted in a single competition being held for the continent. However, the first official national team competition was not held until more than two years had passed, with El Salvador being selected as the first hosting country (1963). The CONCACAF Campeonato de Naciones, as it was called, was then held every two years from 1963-1971. The second edition (1965) held in Guatemala, saw Mexico defeat the host in the final of a six-team tournament. The 1967 competition was held in Honduras and saw a third different champion crowned, Guatemala. Costa Rica won their second title as hosts in 1969, knocking off Guatemala, while two years later, Mexico won their second championship as the tournament moved to the Caribbean for the first time, held in Trinidad & Tobago. In 1973, the tournament kept the same format of six teams in one site playing a single round-robin, but now there were bigger stakes attached: the Confederation’s berth in the FIFA World Cup finals. In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, the host country pulled off a shocking upset by winning the tournament and claiming a spot in West Germany 1974.

With the Campeonato de Naciones doubling as the final World Cup qualifying tournament, the next two editions were held in Mexico City and Tegucigalpa, Honduras in 1977 and 1981, respectively, the host country came away as champion and grabbed the spots on offers each time. In 1985 and 1989, the winner of the World Cup qualifying tournament was again crowned Confederation champion. Canada and Costa Rica were named champions in 1985 and 1989, respectively, but without ever lifting a trophy.

CONCACAF Gold Cup[edit]

In 1990, CONCACAF again created a tournament as its showpiece event to crown the regional champion. The event was named the CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the USA hosting the first competition in 1991. The host country was the inaugural champion of the eight-team tournament. Mexico dominated the remainder of the decade, winning three consecutive CONCACAF Gold Cup titles in 1993, 1996 and 1998. In the 1996 edition, the Gold Cup field included its first guest team, inviting the defending FIFA World Cup Champions Brazil.

Starting with the 2000 Gold Cup, the tournament field was increased to twelve teams. Canada won the next tournament, their first major international honour in almost 100 years.

The 2007 Gold Cup was contested in the United States from 6 June to 24 June 2007 where the hosts successfully defended their title beating Mexico in the final 2-1 in Chicago; Canada and Guadeloupe shared third-place. The 2009 Gold Cup took place 3 July to 26 July 2009[2] with Mexico claiming the title after beating the United States by a 5-0 score. In the 2011 Gold Cup, Mexico defeated the United States 4-2 in the final at the Rose Bowl. The United States had struggled throughout the tournament, but reached the final via a dramatic 1-0 win over Panama.

Since the formation of the Gold Cup in 1991, the CONCACAF Championship has been won six times by Mexico, five times by the United States, and once by Canada. Runners-up include Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Panama.

Tournament results[edit]

CONCACAF Gold Cup
Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
1991
Details
 United States
United States
0–0 a.e.t.
(4–3 pen)

Honduras

Mexico
2–0
Costa Rica
1993
Details
 United States
&  Mexico

Mexico
4–0
United States
 Costa Rica
 Jamaica
1–1
a.e.t.(1)
1996
Details
 United States
Mexico
2–0
Brazil

United States
3–0
Guatemala
1998
Details
 United States
Mexico
1–0
United States

Brazil
1–0
Jamaica
2000
Details
 United States
Canada
2–0
Colombia
 Peru
 Trinidad and Tobago(2)
2002
Details
 United States
United States
2–0
Costa Rica

Canada
2–1
South Korea
2003
Details
 United States
&  Mexico

Mexico
1–0
a.s.d.e.t.

Brazil

United States
3–2
Costa Rica
2005
Details
 United States
United States
0–0 a.e.t.
(3–1 pen)

Panama
Not held(2)
 Colombia
 Honduras
2007
Details
 United States
United States
2–1
Mexico
 Canada
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe
2009
Details
 United States
Mexico
5–0
United States
 Costa Rica
 Honduras
2011
Details
 United States
Mexico
4–2
United States
 Honduras
 Panama
2013
Details
 United States
United States
1–0
Panama
 Honduras
 Mexico

(invited teams in italics)

1 Costa Rica and Jamaica tied 1–1 after extra time and shared third place.

2 No third place match was played; third place was shared.

Cumulative results[edit]

The following is a compiled national level championship table for the Gold Cup.

Team Appearances Winners Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place
 Mexico 12 6 (1993a[›], 1996, 1998, 2003a[›], 2009, 2011) 1 (2007) 2 (1991, 2013c[›])
 United States 12 5 (1991a[›], 2002a[›], 2005a[›], 2007a[›], 2013a[›]) 4 (1993a[›], 1998a[›], 2009, 2011a[›]) 2 (1996a[›], 2003a[›])
 Canada 11 1 (2000) 2 (2002, 2007c[›])
 Honduras 11 1 (1991) 4 (2005c[›], 2009c[›], 2011c[›], 2013c[›])
 Costa Rica 11 1 (2002) 2 (1993, 2009c[›]) 2 (1991, 2003)
 Guatemala 9 1 (1996)
 Jamaica 8 1 (1993) 1 (1998)
 Trinidad and Tobago 8 1 (2000)
 El Salvador 8
 Cuba 7
 Panama 6 2 (2005, 2013) 1 (2011c[›])
 Haiti 5
 Martinique 4
 Brazilb[›] 3 2 (1996, 2003) 1 (1998)
 Colombiab[›] 3 1 (2000) 1 (2005c[›])
 Guadeloupe 3 1 (2007)
 South Koreab[›] 2 1 (2002)
 Grenada 2
 Perub[›] 1 1 (2000)
 Nicaragua 1
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1
 Belize 1
 Ecuadorb[›] 1
 South Africab[›] 1

^ a: Hosts
^ b: Teams invited to the tournament
^ c: Third place match was not held

Participating nations[edit]

Team United States
1991
United States
Mexico
1993
United States
1996
United States
1998
United States
2000
United States
2002
United States
Mexico
2003
United States
2005
United States
2007
United States
2009
United States
2011
United States
2013
Years
North American Football Union Members
 Canada GS GS GS 1st 3rd GS GS SF QF GS GS 11
 Mexico 3rd 1st 1st 1st QF QF 1st QF 2nd 1st 1st SF 12
 United States 1st 2nd 3rd 2nd QF 1st 3rd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 12
Caribbean Football Union Members
 Cuba GS GS QF GS GS GS QF 7
 Grenada GS GS 2
 Guadeloupe SF QF GS 3
 Haiti GS QF GS QF GS 5
 Jamaica GS 3rd 4th GS QF QF GS QF 8
 Martinique GS QF GS GS 4
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines GS 1
 Trinidad and Tobago GS GS GS SF GS GS GS QF 8
Central American Football Union Members
 Belize GS 1
 Costa Rica 4th 3rd GS QF 2nd SF QF QF SF QF QF 11
 El Salvador GS GS QF QF GS GS QF QF 8
 Guatemala GS 4th GS GS GS GS GS QF QF 9
 Honduras 2nd GS GS GS QF GS SF QF SF SF SF 11
 Nicaragua GS 1
 Panama GS 2nd QF QF SF 2nd 6
Guest Nations
 Brazil 2nd 3rd 2nd 3
 Colombia 2nd QF SF 3
 Ecuador GS 1
 Peru SF 1
 South Africa QF 1
 South Korea GS 4th 2
Total 8 8 9 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Gold Cup results, 1991–2013[edit]

Team P W D L F A +/- Points
 United States 61 48 6 7 122 44 +78 150
 Mexico 56 41 7 8 133 33 +100 130
 Costa Rica 46 16 12 18 73 59 +14 60
 Honduras 41 18 6 17 65 54 +11 60
 Canada 38 15 9 14 43 52 -9 54
 Panama 28 10 9 9 41 36 +5 39
 Jamaica 29 9 4 16 32 49 -17 31
 Brazil 14 8 2 4 22 9 +13 26
 El Salvador 25 7 4 14 23 47 -24 25
 Trinidad and Tobago 23 5 5 13 28 40 -12 20
 Guatemala 27 4 7 16 23 44 -21 19
 Colombia 13 5 2 6 14 17 -3 17
 Guadeloupe 12 4 1 7 12 18 -6 13
 Haiti 15 3 4 8 12 22 -10 13
 Martinique 11 2 2 7 7 24 -17 8
 Cuba 20 2 2 16 17 66 -49 8
 South Africa 4 1 3 0 7 6 +1 6
 Peru 4 1 1 2 7 7 0 4
 South Korea 7 0 4 3 5 9 -4 4
 Ecuador 2 1 0 1 2 2 0 3
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2 0 0 2 0 8 -8 0
 Nicaragua 3 0 0 3 0 8 -8 0
 Belize 3 0 0 3 1 11 -10 0
 Grenada 6 0 0 6 1 25 -24 0

Qualification[edit]

North American zone

  • Qualifies automatically, 3 teams.

Central American zone

Caribbean zone

Host nations and venues[edit]

Time(s) Nation Year(s)
12  United States 1991, 1993^, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003^, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013
2  Mexico 1993^, 2003^

^ Co-hosted by Mexico and the United States.

Player awards and records[edit]

Year Top Goalscorer Most Valuable Player Best Goalkeeper Source
1991 Mexico Benjamín Galindo (4 goals) United States Tony Meola [3]
1993 Mexico Luis Roberto Alves (11 goals) Mexico Ramón Ramírez [3]
1996 United States Eric Wynalda (4 goals) Mexico Raúl Lara [3]
1998 Mexico Luis Hernández (4 goals) United States Kasey Keller [3]
2000 Canada Carlo Corazzin (4 goals) Canada Craig Forrest Canada Craig Forrest [3][4]
2002 United States Brian McBride (4 goals) United States Brian McBride [3]
2003 Costa Rica Walter Centeno (4 goals)

United States Landon Donovan (4 goals)

Mexico Jesús Arellano [3]
2005 United States DaMarcus Beasley (3 goals)

United States Landon Donovan (3 goals)
Guatemala Carlos Ruiz (3 goals)
Honduras Wilmer Velasquez (3 goals)
Panama Luis Tejada (3 goals)

Panama Luis Tejada Panama Jaime Penedo [5]
2007 Honduras Carlos Pavón (5 goals) Canada Julian de Guzman Guadeloupe Franck Grandel [6]
2009 Mexico Miguel Sabah (4 goals) Mexico Giovani dos Santos Costa Rica Keylor Navas [7]
2011 MexicoJavier Hernández (7 goals) Mexico Javier Hernández Honduras Noel Valladares [8]
2013 United States Landon Donovan (5 goals)
United States Chris Wondolowski (5 goals)
Panama Gabriel Torres (5 goals)
United States Landon Donovan Panama Jaime Penedo [9]

All-time scorers[edit]

Rank Player Goals
1 United States Landon Donovan 18
2 Mexico Luis Roberto Alves 12
3 Panama Blas Perez 10
United States Eric Wynalda 9
Honduras Carlos Pavón 9
Costa Rica Walter Centeno 9
6 United States Brian McBride 8
El Salvador Rodolfo Zelaya 8
Honduras Carlo Costly 8

In Bold indicates that the player is still active.

Gold Cup winning head coaches[edit]

Year Head coach Champions
1991 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bora Milutinović  United States
1993 Mexico Miguel Mejía Barón  Mexico
1996 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bora Milutinović  Mexico
1998 Mexico Manuel Lapuente  Mexico
2000 Germany Holger Osieck  Canada
2002 United States Bruce Arena  United States
2003 Argentina Ricardo La Volpe  Mexico
2005 United States Bruce Arena  United States
2007 United States Bob Bradley  United States
2009 Mexico Javier Aguirre  Mexico
2011 Mexico José Manuel de la Torre  Mexico
2013 Germany Jürgen Klinsmann  United States

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2013, 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup winners will play one-off match for 2017 Confederations Cup berth". MLS Soccer. April 5, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "International Match Calendar - Fixed dates for national team matches 2008-2014". FIFA. 2008-05-27. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "2003 Gold Cup Technical Report" (pdf). CONCACAF.com. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "Best Goalkeeper". GoldCup.org. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "2005 Gold Cup Technical Report" (pdf). CONCACAF.com. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "2007 Gold Cup Technical Report" (pdf). CONCACAF.com. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "2009 Gold Cup Technical Report" (pdf). CONCACAF.com. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "2011 Gold Cup Technical Report" (pdf). CONCACAF.com. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Three share Golden Boot award". CONCACAF.com. July 28, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 

External links[edit]