General Secretary of the Communist Party of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from CPC General Secretary)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Head of Communist Party of China since 12th Central Committee in 1982. For the Leader of Communist Party between 1943 to 1982, see Chairman of the Communist Party of China.
General Secretary of the
Central Committee of the
Communist Party of China
中国共产党中央委员会总书记
Danghui.svg
Xi Jinping Mexico2013.jpg
Incumbent
Xi Jinping

since 15 November 2012
Residence Zhongnanhai
Appointer the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
Term length Five Years
Inaugural holder Chen Duxiu (1925)
Hu Yaobang (1982)
Formation 1925-1943
September, 1982
Website Top Leadership
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
Traditional Chinese 中國共產黨中央委員會總書記
Simplified Chinese 中国共产党中央委员会总书记
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 中共中央總書記
Simplified Chinese 中共中央总书记
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
China

The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, officially General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China, a standing member of the Politburo and head of the Secretariat.

According to the Constitution, the General Secretary must be a member of the Politburo Standing Committee, China's de facto top decision-making body.[1] Since the early 1990s, the holder of the post has been, except for transitional periods, the Chairman of the Central Military Commission making the holder the leader of the People's Republic of China.[a]

Powers and position[edit]

Since the abolition of the post Chairman of the Communist Party of China in 12th Central Committee in 1982, the General Secretary is the highest-ranking official of the party and heads the Central Secretariat, Political bureau and its Standing Committee.

Since its founding, the most important position in the PRC has been that of the General Secretary (or Chairman from 1922 to 1925 and 1943 to 1982). As a single party state, the Communist party leader holds ultimate power and authority over state and government.

Since the Party National Security Commission and Leading Group for Deepening Reforms established, the power of General Secretary has become more important.

List of general secretaries and chairmen[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Xi Jinping, 59, was named general secretary of the 82- million member Communist Party and is set to take over the presidency, a mostly ceremonial post, from Hu Jintao in March.[2]
  • China Online Encyclopedia