CPJ International Press Freedom Awards

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International Press Freedom Awards
Awarded for courage in defending press freedom in the face of attacks, threats or imprisonment
Location New York City
Country United States
Presented by Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)
First awarded 1991
Official website Awards website

The CPJ International Press Freedom Awards honor journalists or their publications around the world who show courage in defending press freedom despite facing attacks, threats, or imprisonment.[1] Established in 1991, the awards are administered by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), an independent, non-governmental organization based in New York City.[2] In addition to recognizing individuals, the organization seeks to focus local and international media coverage on countries where violations of press freedom are particularly serious.[3]

Every November four to seven individuals or publications are honored at a banquet in New York City and given an award.[4] The ceremony also honors the winner of the Burton Benjamin Memorial Award for "lifelong work to advance press freedom".[5] Past hosts have included crime correspondent and former hostage Terry A. Anderson,[6] Amanpour host Christiane Amanpour,[7] and NBC Nightly News anchors Brian Williams and Tom Brokaw.[1][3] In 1998, the ceremony was briefly disrupted by protesters who unfurled a banner calling for the release of former Black Panther Mumia Abu-Jamal from Pennsylvania's death row.[8]

The first awards were given in 1991 to American photojournalist Bill Foley and his wife, journalist Cary Vaughan; Cameroonian reporter Pius Njawé; Chinese dissidents Wang Juntao and Chen Ziming; Russian television news anchor Tatyana Mitkova; and Guatemalan reporter Byron Barrera.[9] In 2012, the organization awarded its twenty-second group of journalists.[10] On three occasions, an award was also given to a news organization of which multiple staffers have been at risk: Tajikistan newspaper Navidi Vakhsh (1994), several reporters of which murdered during the 1992–97 civil war;[11] Guatemalan newspaper Siglo Veintiuno (1995), which was subject to police and army raids for its uncensored coverage of government corruption and human rights violations;[12] and Turkish newspaper Özgür Gündem (1996), which was subject to a campaign of publication bans, assassinations, and arrests for its reporting on the conflict between the Turkish Armed Forces and the Kurdistan Workers' Party.[13]

Occasionally, imprisoned laureates accept their awards at a later ceremony, such as China's Jiang Weiping, who was awarded in 2001 but attended the ceremony in 2009,[14] and Azerbaijan's Eynulla Fatullayev, who was awarded in 2009 but attended the ceremony in 2011.[5] Sri Lankan reporter J.S. Tissainayagam was also awarded in 2009 while imprisoned, but was released in time to attend the 2010 ceremony, quipping in his acceptance speech, "Ladies and gentlemen, my apologies for being late."[3]

The award was given posthumously on three occasions: to David Kaplan, an ABC News producer killed by a sniper in Sarajevo in 1992;[6] to Paul Klebnikov, a Russian Forbes journalist shot to death in 2004 by unknown attackers;[15] and to Atwar Bahjat, an Iraqi journalist for Al Arabiya who was abducted and murdered in February 2006.[16] A number of other laureates had been threatened or attacked in the year preceding their award, such as Guatemalan journalist Byron Barrera (1991), whose wife was murdered in an attack on their car,[17] and Željko Kopanja (2000), who lost his legs in a car bomb.[18] Other laureates have been killed after their awards, such as Irish crime reporter Veronica Guerin (1995), awarded a year before her murder,[19] and Palestinian cameraman Mazen Dana (1991), awarded two years before being fatally shot by a US soldier in Iraq.[20] Eritrean journalist Fesshaye Yohannes (2002) died while still imprisoned; owing to conflicting reports and the secrecy of his confinement, the cause and year of his death remain unclear.[21]

Recipients[edit]

This list includes the recipients of the award as recorded at the official CPJ website. It is sortable by year, name, and country; owing to naming conventions in different countries, not all names are sorted by last name. Names in italics are publications which have received the award.

A woman with black hair, Tatyana Mitkova, sitting at a table
1991 recipient Tatyana Mitkova
A man with glasses and a graying beard, Veran Matić, sitting at a table
1993 recipient Veran Matić
An older man, Goenawan Mohamad, smoking
1998 recipient Goenawan Mohamad
A man with a full beard, Dmitry Muratov, speaking at a podium
2007 recipient Dmitry Muratov
A man in a suit and sunglasses, Andrew Mwenda, smiling
2008 recipient Andrew Mwenda
A man wearing a suit with short black and white hair, Mansoor Al-Jamri, reading a paper
2011 recipient Mansoor Al-Jamri
Key
Award received posthumously Award received posthumously
Recipients by year and country
Year Honorees Country Ref.
1991 Foley, BillBill Foley and Vaughan, CaryCary Vaughan  United States [9]
Pius Njawé  Cameroon [9]
Wang Juntao and Chen Ziming  People's Republic of China [9]
Mitkova, TatyanaTatyana Mitkova  Russia [9]
Barrera, ByronByron Barrera  Guatemala [9]
1992 Kaplan, DavidDavid Kaplan Award received posthumously  United States [9]
Sager, Mohammed AlMohammed Al-Sager  Kuwait [9]
Esteus, SonySony Esteus  Haiti [9]
Lister, GwendolynGwendolyn Lister  Namibia [9]
Thepchai Yong  Thailand [9]
1993 Belhouchet, OmarOmar Belhouchet  Algeria [9]
Doan Viet Hoat  Vietnam [9]
Igiebor, NosaNosa Igiebor  Nigeria [9]
Matić, VeranVeran Matić  Serbia [9]
Uceda, RicardoRicardo Uceda  Peru [9]
1994 Iqbal Athas  Sri Lanka [9]
Nesin, AzizAziz Nesin  Turkey [9]
Restano, YndamiroYndamiro Restano  Cuba [9]
Yuet-Wah, Daisy LiDaisy Li Yuet-Wah  Hong Kong [9]
Navidi Vakhsh  Tajikistan [9]
1995 Kiselyov, YevgenyYevgeny Kiselyov  Russia [9]
Zamora Marroquín, José RubénJosé Rubén Zamora Marroquín and Siglo Veintiuno  Guatemala [9]
M'membe, FredFred M'membe  Zambia [9]
Ahmad Taufik  Indonesia [9]
Guerin, VeronicaVeronica Guerin  Ireland [9]
1996 Jameel, YusufYusuf Jameel  India [9]
Blancornelas, JesúsJesús Blancornelas  Mexico [9]
Kuttab, DaoudDaoud Kuttab  Palestine [9]
Yurtçu, Ocak IşıkOcak Işık Yurtçu and Özgür Gündem  Turkey [9]
1997 Anyanwu, ChristineChristine Anyanwu  Nigeria [22]
Chan, YingYing Chan and Shieh Chung-liang  Hong Kong, China,  Republic of China (Taiwan) [22]
Neruda, FreedomFreedom Neruda  Ivory Coast [22]
Ivančić, ViktorViktor Ivančić  Croatia [22]
Masyuk, YelenaYelena Masyuk  Russia [22]
1998 Boucar, GrémahGrémah Boucar  Niger [23]
Gorriti, GustavoGustavo Gorriti  Peru [23]
Goenawan Mohamad  Indonesia [23]
Sheremet, PavelPavel Sheremet  Belarus [23]
Simon, RuthRuth Simon  Eritrea [23]
1999 Díaz Hernández, Jesús JoelJesús Joel Díaz Hernández  Cuba [24]
Haxhiu, BatonBaton Haxhiu  Kosovo [24]
Mohsin, JugnuJugnu Mohsin and Najam Sethi  Pakistan [24]
Caballero, María CristinaMaría Cristina Caballero  Colombia [24]
2000 Kopanja, ŽeljkoŽeljko Kopanja  Bosnia and Herzegovina [25]
Mutinga, ModesteModeste Mutinga  Democratic Republic of the Congo [25]
Gan, StevenSteven Gan  Malaysia [25]
Shamsolvaezin, MashallahMashallah Shamsolvaezin  Iran [25]
2001 Jiang Weiping  People's Republic of China [26]
Nyarota, GeoffreyGeoffrey Nyarota  Zimbabwe [26]
Verbitsky, HoracioHoracio Verbitsky  Argentina [26]
Dana, MazenMazen Dana  Palestine [26]
2002 Gómez, IgnacioIgnacio Gómez  Colombia [27]
Tipu Sultan  Bangladesh [27]
Petrushova, IrinaIrina Petrushova  Kazakhstan [27]
Yohannes, FesshayeFesshaye Yohannes  Eritrea [27]
2003 Hamed, Abdul SamayAbdul Samay Hamed  Afghanistan [28]
Jamaï, AboubakrAboubakr Jamaï  Morocco [28]
Muradov, MusaMusa Muradov  Russia [28]
Vázquez Portal, ManuelManuel Vázquez Portal  Cuba [28]
2004 Kalinkina, SvetlanaSvetlana Kalinkina  Belarus [29]
Aung Pwint and Thaung Tun  Burma [29]
Sinduhije, AlexisAlexis Sinduhije  Burundi [29]
Klebnikov, PaulPaul Klebnikov Award received posthumously  United States [29]
2005 Bukharbaeva, GalimaGalima Bukharbaeva  Uzbekistan [30]
Mtetwa, BeatriceBeatrice Mtetwa  Zimbabwe [30]
Pinto, Lúcio FlávioLúcio Flávio Pinto  Brazil [30]
Shi Tao  People's Republic of China [30]
2006 Colorado, Jesús AbadJesús Abad Colorado  Colombia [31]
Amer, JamalJamal Amer  Yemen [31]
Ceesay, MadiMadi Ceesay  Gambia [31]
Bahjat, AtwarAtwar Bahjat Award received posthumously  Iraq [31]
2007 Abbas, MazharMazhar Abbas  Pakistan [32]
Muratov, DmitryDmitry Muratov  Russia [32]
Navarro Bello, AdelaAdela Navarro Bello  Mexico [32]
Gao Qinrong  People's Republic of China [32]
2008 Hussein, BilalBilal Hussein  Iraq [33]
Karokhel, DanishDanish Karokhel and Farida Nekzad  Afghanistan [33]
Mwenda, AndrewAndrew Mwenda  Uganda [33]
Maseda Gutiérrez, HéctorHéctor Maseda Gutiérrez  Cuba [33]
2009 Abdinur, Mustafa HajiMustafa Haji Abdinur  Somalia [34]
Réjiba, NazihaNaziha Réjiba  Tunisia [34]
Fatullayev, EynullaEynulla Fatullayev  Azerbaijan [34]
Tissainayagam, J. S.J. S. Tissainayagam  Sri Lanka [34]
2010 Davari, MohammadMohammad Davari  Iran [35]
Isayeva, NadiraNadira Isayeva  Russia [35]
Kebede, DawitDawit Kebede  Ethiopia [35]
Márquez, LaureanoLaureano Márquez  Venezuela [35]
2011 Jamri, Mansoor AlMansoor Al-Jamri  Bahrain [5]
Radina, NatalyaNatalya Radina  Belarus [5]
Valdez Cárdenas, JavierJavier Valdez Cárdenas  Mexico [5]
Cheema, UmarUmar Cheema  Pakistan [5]
2012 Konig, MauriMauri König  Brazil [10]
Dhondup Wangchen  China [10]
Askarov, AzimjonAzimjon Askarov  Kyrgyzstan [10]
Azango, MaeMae Azango  Liberia [10]
2013 Janet HinostozaJanet Hinostroza  Ecuador [36]
Youssef, BassemBassem Youssef  Egypt [36]
Şener, NedimNedim Şener  Turkey [36]
Nguyen Van Hai  Vietnam [36]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
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  4. ^ Anita Snow (October 6, 2011). "Committee to honor 4 journalists for courage". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
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  6. ^ a b "ABC Producer's Widow Accepts Press Freedom Award". Associated Press. October 22, 1992. Archived from the original on August 12, 2012. Retrieved August 12, 2012. 
  7. ^ Jack O'Dwyer (December 5, 2011). "CPJ Fetes Journalists, Rather at Waldorf Banquet". O'Dwyer's. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Five journalists honored by international press freedom group". NewsLibrary.com. Associated Press. November 25, 1998. Retrieved August 10, 2012.  (Subscription required)
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  10. ^ a b c d e "CPJ International Press Freedom Awards 2011". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on September 22, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2012. 
  11. ^ Sherry Ricchiardi (November 2005). "Killing the Messenger". American Journalism Review. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved May 28, 2011. 
  12. ^ "José Rubén Zamora, Guatemala". International Press Institute. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  13. ^ "The International Press Freedom Awards: Ocak Isik Yurtçu". Committee to Protect Journalists. 1996. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Jiang Weiping, China". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  15. ^ "CPJ International Press Freedom Awards 2004: Paul Klebnikov". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  16. ^ "CPJ honours four journalists with International Press Freedom Awards". Committee to Protect Journalists. November 20, 2006. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  17. ^ Richard R. Cole (1996). Communication in Latin America: journalism, mass media, and society. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 23. ISBN 978-0842025591. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
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  19. ^ "The second fall of Veronica Guerin". BBC News. May 6, 1998. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2011. 
  20. ^ Jamie Wilson (August 19, 2003). "US troops 'crazy' in killing of cameraman". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 
  21. ^ "In Eritrea, a prominent journalist dies in a secret government prison". Committee to Protect Journalists. February 9, 2007. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "1997 Press Freedom Awards". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  23. ^ a b c d e "International Press Freedom Awards 1998". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c d "International Press Freedom Awards 1999". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b c d "International Press Freedom Awards 2000". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
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  33. ^ a b c d "International Press Freedom Awards 2008". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  34. ^ a b c d "International Press Freedom Awards 2009". Committee to Protect Journalists. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
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  36. ^ a b c d "CPJ International Press Freedom Awards 2013". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved October 6, 2013. 

External links[edit]