Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

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A badge, depicting Vladimir Lenin, issued to the delegates of the 27th Congress

The Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: съезд КПСС) was the gathering of the delegates of the Communist Party and its predecessors. According the party statute, it was the supreme ruling body of the entire Communist Party.

Between the congresses the party was ruled by the Central Committee. Over the course of the party's history, the name was changed in accordance with the current name of the party at the time. The frequency of party congresses varied with the meetings being annual events in the 1920s while no congress was held at all between 1939 to 1952. After the death of Joseph Stalin, the congresses were held every five years.

List of party congresses[edit]

# Congress Location
(city–country)
Party leader
Began Ended Length
1 1 March 1898 3 March 1898 2 days Minsk, Russian Empire
2 17 July 1903 10 August 1903 24 days Brussels, Belgium, and London, UK Vladimir Lenin
3 12 April 1905 27 April 1905 15 days London, UK
4 10 April 1906 25 April 1906 15 days Stockholm, Sweden
5 30 April 1907 19 May 1907 19 days London, UK
6 26 July 1917 3 August 1917 8 days Petrograd, Russian Republic
7 6 March 1918 8 March 1918 2 days Moscow, RSFSR
8 18 March 1919 23 March 1919 5 days Moscow, RSFSR
9 29 March 1920 5 April 1920 7 days Moscow, RSFSR
10 8 March 1921 16 March 1921 8 days Moscow, RSFSR
11 27 March 1922 2 April 1922 6 days Moscow, RSFSR
12 17 April 1923 25 April 1923 8 days Moscow, USSR
13 23 May 1924 31 May 1924 8 days Moscow, USSR Joseph Stalin
14 18 December 1925 31 December 1925 13 days Moscow, USSR
15 2 December 1927 19 December 1927 17 days Moscow, USSR
16 26 June 1930 13 July 1930 17 days Moscow, USSR
17 26 January 1934 10 February 1934 15 days Moscow, USSR
18 10 March 1939 21 March 1939 11 days Moscow, USSR
19 5 October 1952 14 October 1952 9 days Moscow, USSR
20 14 February 1956 25 February 1956 11 days Moscow, USSR Nikita Khrushchev
21 27 January 1959 5 February 1959 9 days Moscow, USSR
22 17 October 1961 31 October 1961 14 days Moscow, USSR
23 29 March 1966 8 April 1966 10 days Moscow, USSR Leonid Brezhnev
24 30 March 1971 9 April 1971 10 days Moscow, USSR
25 24 February 1976 5 March 1976 9 days Moscow, USSR
26 23 February 1981 3 March 1981 8 days Moscow, USSR
27 25 February 1986 6 March 1986 9 days Moscow, USSR Mikhail Gorbachev
28 2 July 1990 13 July 1990 11 days Moscow, USSR

See also[edit]