Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (September 2013)|
|Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur|
The logo of the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute
|Motto||यन्त्र मेवास्माकम मंत्र:
(yantra mewasmaakam mantra)
|Motto in English||Machine is our Incantation.|
|Established||February 26, 1958|
|Chairman||Prime Minister of India|
|Director||Pijush Pal Roy|
|Director General||Dr. P. S. Ahuja|
|Admin. staff||418: 125 scientists, 293 technical/supporting personnel.|
|Location||MG Avenue, Durgapur-713 209.|
|Affiliations||Council of Scientific and Industrial Research|
Coordinates: The Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (also known as CSIR-CMERI Durgapur or CMERI Durgapur) is a public engineering research and development institution in Durgapur, West Bengal, India. It is a constituent laboratory of the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). The institute is the only mechanical engineering research and development institution in India, dedicated to work in the mechanical and allied engineering disciplines.
The CMERI was founded in February 1958 under the endorsement of the CSIR. It was founded to develop national mechanical engineering technology, particularly in order to help Indian industries. During its first decade, the CMERI mainly focused its efforts towards national technology and import substitution. Currently, the Institute is making R&D efforts in the front-line areas of research such as Robotics, Mechatronics, Microsystem, Cybernetics, Manufacturing, Precision agriculture, Embedded system, Near net shape manufacturing and Biomimetics. Besides conducting cutting-edge research, the Institute works towards different R&D based mission mode programs of country to provide suitable technological solutions for poverty alleviation, societal improvement, energy security, food security, aerospace, mining, automobile and defense.
CMERI has one office campus and three residential campuses in Durgapur. Office campus spans in an area of 81 acres with more than 16 buildings. The campus is located 7.80 kilometers from Durgapur railway station and 1.6 kilometers from Durgapur City Center. The campus is adjacent to National Institute of Technology, Durgapur and National Power Training Institute, Durgapur. An extension center of CMERI, Durgapur is situated in Ludhiana, an industrial town of Punjab.
Three residential campuses extended over 72 acres of land and has civic amenities like Staff Quarters, Scientist Apartments, Children Park, Health Center, Staff Club, Guest Houses, Executive Hostels, Academic Hall of Residence, Dispensary, Market, Gymkhana and Schools. Kendriya Vidyalaya is situated inside the campus for providing the education from primary to higher secondary students and meant mainly for ward of the employees. A state-funded free primary school named Shishu Bani is also available in the campus to serve the educational need of nearby poor people. The institute also runs a free children computer training center named CSIR Kids' i-zone, which is situated in the colony campus.
The CMERI has developed as many as many products and processes, out of which 26 have been awarded prestigious national awards. The CMERI has filed more than 100 patents. Over 120 licensees have learned from the institute's products and processes for commercial exploitation.
During 1956-1962, Dr. M. M. Suri, the then Director of CMERI, has developed a novel concept of an integrated power pack involving reverse-governing techniques for the diesel engine superimposed on a hydro-mechanical transmission called Suri-Transmission. This has resulted in substantially increasing the efficiency of diesel locomotives. Suri-Transmission and its improvements are covered by 36 patents in 11 major countries.
In 1965, the CMERI took up a project for the design and development of an indigenous technology based tractor,[clarification needed] named Swaraj by Indira Gandhi (then Prime Minister of India). Recently, the institute took initiative to develop a solar rickshaw named "Soleckshaw" under CSIR-800 community project program. The "Soleckshaw" is developed with an aim to reduce carbon footprint in the city due to polluting small cabs  and simultaneously mitigate the drudgery of the manual rickshaw-pullar. The institute in collaboration of West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency (WBREDA), also developed a smart card based prepaid energy meter for use with renewal energy sources. Scientists of the institute have developed India’s first cricket-ball stitching machine to bring uniformity in cricket balls and repeatability in performance.
The institute is one of the nodal points of National Knowledge Network connectivity program under multi-gigabit pan-India network to share intellectual property and knowledge-base among premier R&D labs/institutes/universities of the country.
Notable Technologies Developed
- Suri Transmission
- Coil Expanding & Spreading Machine
- Automatic submerged arc welding machine
- Hydraulic Bolt Tensioner
- Portable oxy-gas cutting machine
- TIG cutting machine
- Cable Making Machine
- Calendar Sealing Machine
- Hand Pump Attachable Iron Removal Plant
- 35 HP Tractor 
- Sonalika Tractor
- Deep Sea-bed Mining System 
- Remotely Operated Vehicle 
- Spouted Bed Dryer 
- Fluidized Bed Dryer 
- 50 TPD Oil Expeller 
- Placer Sand Mining System 
- All Terrain Robot
- Krishi Shakti Tractor 10 HP Tractor 
- Soleckshaw-Solar Electric Rickshaw 
Awards and Accolades
- 1961: Padma Shri, Recipient Shri Man Mohan Suri
- 1962: Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, Recipient Shri Man Mohan Suri
- 1967: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri KV Shetty and Shri SGN Swamy
- 1969: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri CP Srivastava et al.
- 1972: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri Chandra Mohan et al.
- 1972: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri SK Bhattacharya et al.
- 1972: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri CS Kholia et al.
- 1976: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Prof SK Basu et al.
- 1977: NRDC Award, Recipient Prof SK Basu and Dr H Bagchi
- 1982: NRDC Award, Recipient Shri Hardyal Singh and Shri RS Kundi
- 2003: CSIR Technology Award for the 35 HP Tractor
- 2003: “We Think for India” Award, Recipient, Dr. Gopal P. Sinha et al.
- 2003: SAIL Gold Medal, Recipient Dr. Gopal P. Sinha 
- 2004: SAIL Gold Medal, Recipient Dr. Gopal P. Sinha
- 2005: SAIL Gold Medal, Recipient Dr. Gopal P. Sinha
- 2011: Sir J C Bose National Fellowship, Recipient Prof. Gautam Biswas
- 2013: CSIR Technology Award for Portable Colposcopy 
The CMERI Centre of Excellence for Farm Machinery (CMERI-CoEFM) (Erstwhile MERADO), Gill Road, Ludhiana, Punjab. The CMERI-CoEFM was established as Mechanical Engineering Research & Development Organization (MERADO) at Ludhiana as an extension center of CMERI to concentrate on the technology development and expertise needs of around 65,000 small & medium scale industries, concentrated in and around Ludhiana, Punjab. In the past, a major component of R&D carried out at this center has gone in towards the development of appropriate machinery for productivity enhancement in the agricultural and the post-harvest processing sectors. A series of oil expellers of different capacity (from 1TPD to 50TPD) are developed with a patented technology to produce pungent oil from mustard seed, which was released to a number of industries. In the Industrial front, the center developed many products ranging from single needle flat bed & post bed leather sewing machine and high speed safety stitching industrial sewing machine for the textile industry, brick moulding machine for the construction industry, radial drilling machine, friction welding machine, and rough terrain forklift truck for the manufacturing industry.
This extension center of CMERI, Durgapur is now concentrating on precision farming, multi-cropping and productivity improvement of available land, that would lead to conservation of seed, water and fertilizer through the development of advanced farm machinery equipped with advanced sensors.
At present, the major R&D thrust of this center is directed towards the exploration of various sources of bio-fuels and perfecting its extraction technology. CMERI-CoEFM has taken initiative for development of small biodiesel plant suitable for farmers in rural sector. The center also has started experiments for utilization of de-oiled cakes for generation of bio-gas, which can be used by farmers for self-reliance in energy.
The institute offers integrated M.Tech.-PhD. programmes from the Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research in New Delhi in Mechatronics, and applied and Computational Mechanics. The CMERI offers opportunities to do projects twice a year for B.E./ B.Tech./ M.C.A./ M.Tech. to students from reputed engineering colleges like IITs, NITs etc. in Robotics, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics, Computer Science, Mechatronics and Material Science.
- "CMERI Career Portal". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- "CSIR Facebook Page". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- "CMERI Wordpress Page". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- CSIR NISCAIR Tube (Documentary). India: CSIR-NISCAIR.
- Vantika Dixit, Narayanan Suresh (July' 2009). "Solar Powered Cycle". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
- . Director Bio-Data (2013-08-29). Retrieved on 2013-10-01.
- . cmeri.res.in. Retrieved on 2013-10-01.
- "Welcome to CMERI". cmeri.res.in. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
- "Kendriya Vidyalaya, CMERI, Durgapur". Retrieved December 17, 2013.
- "Engineering Services". Retrieved 2013-12-19.
- "History". http://www.mahindraswaraj.com. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
- "Solar rickshaws to power green city dreams". www.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
- ""Solekshwa" Eco-Friendly Dual-Powered Rickshaw Launched". www.dst.gov.in. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
- "Recharge your energy... with a card!". http://www.thehindubusinessline.in. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
- "Smard Card Operated Prepaid Energy Meter". Retrieved 2013-11-29.
- "Sewing-machine swing to bowlers’ woes". Calcutta, India: http://www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2013-11-29.[dead link]
- "National Knowledge Network - Connecting Knowledge Institutions". www.nkn.in. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
- "Engineering Services". Retrieved 2013-12-19.
- "National Research Development Corporation". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Calendar Sealing Machine". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Hand Pump Attachable Iron Removal Plant". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Mahindra Swaraj Tractor". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Sonalika Tractor". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Deep Sea Bed Mining System". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Scientists develop ocean probe device". The Times Of India. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Spouted Bed Dryer". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Fluidized Bed Dryer". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Oil Expeller". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Environmental studies of coastal placer minerals". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "10 HP Krishi Shakti Tractor: Empowering the Indian Farmer". Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- Mudur, G.S. (2014-02-22). "Bengal tractor to put bullocks out of work". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Soleckshaw-Solar Electric Rickshaw". Retrieved 2013-12-19.
- "WTI Award". Retrieved 2013-12-19.
- "Awards and Honors". Retrieved 2013-12-19.
- "CSIR Technology Award 2013". Retrieved 2013-12-19.
- "MERADO, Ludhiana". Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- AcSIR Programmes at CSIR-CMERI
- Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, New Delhi
- Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research Programmes
- Internship at CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur
- Academic opportunities in CSIR-CMERI