CSS Fredericksburg (far right) during the battle of Trent's Reach in 1865.
|Operator:||Confederate States Navy|
|Fate:||Destroyed to prevent capture, 4 April 1865|
|Length:||188 ft (57 m)|
|Beam:||40 ft 3 in (12.27 m)|
|Draft:||9 ft 6 in (2.90 m)|
|Speed:||5 knots (9.3 km/h)|
|Range:||4,160 nmi (7,700 km) at 80 kn (150 km/h)|
|Complement:||150 officers and men|
|Armament:||• 1 × 11 in (280 mm) smoothbore cannon
• 1 × 8 in (200 mm) rifled cannon
• 2 × 6.4 in (160 mm) rifled cannons
|Part of:||James River Squadron|
CSS Fredericksburg was an ironclad of the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War, built at Richmond, Virginia in 1862-1863. Fredericksburg was the second ironclad to be completed in Richmond. On November 30, 1863 she was reported completed and awaiting armament. She was taken down to Drewry's Bluff in March 1864 for fitting out and was placed under the command of Commander Thomas R. Rootes, CSN.
Fredericksburg, one of the ships of the James River Squadron commanded by Commodore John K. Mitchell, CSN, was actively engaged in the James River from mid-1864 until the end of the war. Accompanied by the CSS Virginia II and nine other ships, the Fredericksburg participated in an engagement at Trent's Reach with the Union's double-turreted monitor USS Onondaga on June 21, 1864; little damage was inflicted on either side due to the distance between the vessels. Similar inconclusive encounters took place in August, October, December, and the following January. With the evacuation of Richmond on April 3, 1865, the Confederates blew up Fredericksburg and other warships in the vicinity the following day; the lost Confederate Fleet's remains were found in the James River. Fredericksburg's sunken hulk lies about 50 yards up river from the remains of her sister ironclad Virgina II; both lie parallel with the river under the heavy river silt and mud, somewhere between six to 15 feet deep.
The commanders of the CSS Fredericksburg were:
- Commander Thomas R. Rootes (March 1864-December 1864)
- Lieutenant Francis E. Shepperd (?-December 28, 1864; January 14-January 25, 1865)
- Lieutenant Alphonse Barbot, Executive Officer in Charge (February 1865)
- Silverstone, Paul H. (2006). Civil War Navies 1855–1883. The U.S. Navy Warship Series. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-97870-X.
- Still, William N., Jr. (1985). Iron Afloat: The Story of the Confederate Armorclads (Reprint of the 1971 ed.). Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 0-87249-454-3.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.