CSS Nashville (1853)
|Builder:||William Collyer (Greenpoint, NY)|
|Launched:||22 Sep 1853|
|Commissioned:||(CSN): Oct 1861–Mar 1862|
|Maiden voyage:||4 Jan 1854|
|In service:||4 Jan 1854–28 Feb 1863|
|Renamed:||CSS Nashville (1861)
SS Thomas L. Wragg (1862)
SS Rattlesnake (1862)
|Fate:||Sunk by USN, 28 February 1863|
|Displacement:||1,221 long tons (1,241 t)|
|Length:||215 ft 6 in (65.68 m)|
|Beam:||34 ft 6 in (10.52 m)|
|Draft:||21 ft 9 in (6.63 m)|
|Propulsion:||Sails and steam engine|
|Complement:||40 officers and men|
|Armament:||2 × 12-pounder (5 kg) cannons|
Originally a United States Mail Service ship, the USMS Nashville, was a brig-rigged, side-paddle-wheel passenger steamer built at Greenpoint, Brooklyn in 1853. Between 1853 and 1861 she was engaged in running between New York City and Charleston, South Carolina. During the Bombardment of Fort Sumter, the USMS Nashville blundered into Charleston without flying the US national standard and was fired upon by the USRC Harriet Lane which marked the first shot of the naval war in the Civil War. The Nashville raised the American flag, and after the surrender of Sumter, the Nashville docked at Charleston.
After the fall of Fort Sumter, the Confederates captured her at Charleston and fitted her out as a cruiser. Under the command of Lieutenant Robert B. Pegram, CSN, she braved the blockade on October 21, 1861, and headed across the Atlantic to Southampton, England, the first ship of war to fly the Confederate flag in English waters. Nashville returned to Beaufort, North Carolina on February 28, 1862, having captured two prizes worth US$66,000 during the cruise. In this interval she was sold for use as a blockade runner and renamed Thomas L. Wragg.
On November 5, 1862, she was commissioned as the privateer Rattlesnake. After running fast aground on the Ogeechee River, Georgia, the monitor USS Montauk destroyed her with shell fire from 11" and 15" turret guns on February 28, 1863.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
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