California State University, Northridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from CSU Northridge Matadors baseball)
Jump to: navigation, search
California State University, Northridge
CSUNS.svg
Motto Regionally Focused, Nationally Recognized
Established 1958
Type Public university
Endowment $72.4 million (2013)[1]
President Dianne F. Harrison[2]
Academic staff 1,700
Students 38,310 (Fall 2013)[3]
Undergraduates 33,771 (Fall 2013)[4]
Postgraduates 4,912 (Fall 2013)
Doctoral students 123 (Fall 2013)
Location Northridge, Los Angeles, California, United States
Campus Suburban, 353 acres (143 ha)
Former names San Fernando Valley State College (1958–72)
Colors Red & White          
Nickname Matadors
Mascot Matty the Matador
Affiliations California State University system
Website www.csun.edu
CSUNORTHRIDGEWM.svg

California State University, Northridge (also known as CSUN or Cal State Northridge) is a public university in the Northridge neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States in the San Fernando Valley. CSUN is one of the 23 general campuses of the California State University system. Cal State Northridge is the third largest university in California in terms of enrollment, just behind Cal State Fullerton and UCLA.

It was founded first as the Valley satellite campus of Cal State Los Angeles. It then became an independent college in 1958 as San Fernando Valley State College, with major campus master planning and construction. The University adopted its current name of California State University, Northridge in 1972.[5]

CSUN offers a variety of programs including 134 different Bachelor's degrees, Master's degrees in 70 different fields, 3 Doctoral degrees including two Doctor of Education and a Doctor of Physical Therapy, and 24 teaching credentials.[6][7] The university has over 200,000 alumni. Cal State Northridge is home to the National Center on Deafness, and each year the university hosts the International Conference on Technology and Persons with Disabilities.

History[edit]

Manzanita Hall

Establishment[edit]

The establishment of CSUN began in 1952 with the proposal of a new satellite campus for Los Angeles State College (now known as California State University, Los Angeles).[8] A Baldwin Hills location was planned in 1955, but San Fernando Valley advocates persuaded state officials to change the location to Northridge.[8]

1958–1964[edit]

In July 1958, the campus separated from the Los Angeles State College and was renamed San Fernando Valley State College (popularly abbreviated to Valley State College, Valley State, or SFVSC), with enrollment reaching 2,525 and tuition reaching $29 per semester.[8] In 1959, it became the first State College to have its own computer.[8] In 1964, this pioneering computer lab was moved into quarters in the newly completed Sierra Hall building complex. In the same year, student enrollment reached nearly 12,000.[8]

1964–1972[edit]

The campus's quiet, moderately conservative and overwhelmingly white suburban setting did not shield it from a share of the noise, strife and social upheavals of the Vietnam War era. As on many college campuses, there were increasingly large antiwar demonstrations and occasional draft card burnings. Due to complaints of low minority representation, the college decided to boost enrollment of Latinos and Blacks in 1967.[8] In March 1968, a presidential primary campaign speech by Robert F. Kennedy drew an orderly crowd of 10,000,[9] but in the wake of the assassinations of Martin Luther King, Jr. in April and Robert Kennedy himself in June, some other events were not so peaceful. Later in 1968, the Black Student Union held 30 staff members hostage. Nobody was hurt and the administration agreed to increase minority enrollment and investigate discrimination complaints.[8] Some of the students involved were prosecuted for false imprisonment.[10]

1972–1988[edit]

The college officially named itself California State University, Northridge in June 1972.[8] In 1975, the construction of the CSUN sculpture began at the southeast corner of campus.[8] By 1977, enrollment at the university was 28,023, with tuition at $95.[8] In 1981, the campus officially established a foreign exchange student program with Japan, China, Ukraine, South Korea, Taiwan, Brazil and the Netherlands.[8] In 1988, the campus had an enrollment of 31,575 and a $342 tuition fee.[8]

1988–1997[edit]

In 1990, the Marilyn Magaram Center for Food Science, Nutrition and Dietetics was established; the Oviatt Library east and west wings were added; and the campus could boast of having the California State University system's only fully established astronomy department with a planetarium.[8]

The 1994 Northridge earthquake struck on January 17th and caused $400 million in damage to the campus, the heaviest damage ever sustained by an American college campus.[citation needed] The epicenter was less than two miles (3 km) away on a previously undiscovered blind thrust fault. Later the same month, Vice President Al Gore visited with a promise of funds to help with the reconstruction.[8] Entire sections of the main library, the art building and several other major structures were either physically unusable or too hazardous to occupy, but classes soon continued in alternative locations and hastily erected temporary facilities. The art courtyard survived. Among the structures judged to be so seriously damaged that repair was not a practical option were the Fine Arts building, designed by noted modernist architect Richard Neutra, and the South Library, the oldest permanent building on campus. Due to inadequate earthquake engineering, the parking structure next to the Matadome was completely destroyed. It is currently a grass field used for kinesiology instruction, though the driveway formerly used to enter it is still visible from Zelzah Avenue. As of August 22, 2007, the University had completed the rebuilding project.

In the aftermath of the 1994 earthquake, CSUN civil engineering faculty and students enthusiastically took part in the research on earthquake protection of building structures, in particular, in the field of seismic performance, vibration control, and base isolation.

On January 17, 1995, President Bill Clinton visited the campus to commemorate the first anniversary of the quake.[8]

1997–present[edit]

In April 1999, the Board of CSU trustees decided to give $27 million to construct post-earthquake projects.[8] The University opened the first Central American Studies program in the nation on May 2000.[8] In fall 2006, the University had a 34,560 enrollment and a tuition of $1,260. The University in 2007, with clean energy advocates built the new 1 megawatt fuel cell power plant which was the largest of its kind in any university in the world.[8]

California State University trustees on March 15, 2006 voted their unanimous approval of Envision 2035, the Cal State Northridge planning initiative that will help frame the university’s physical development for the next several decades. The vote approved the revised master plan as well as an increase in the campus’ master plan enrollment capacity from 25,000 to 35,000 full-time equivalent students (FTEs). That growth is equivalent to 1.6 percent annual growth over 30 years. The trustees also certified the final environmental impact report on the plan.

Specifically, the plan defines sites for about 1,900,000 square feet (180,000 m2) of future campus academic and support facilities to accommodate the increased FTE enrollment. Near-term projects will include a 1,700-seat performing arts center; a 163,000-square-foot (15,100 m2) arts, media and communications complex; a parking structure for nearly 2,000 spaces and a centrally located mass transit hub for students, faculty, staff and community members. It also proposes the development of about 600 on-campus faculty/staff housing units, mostly on the North Campus, and allows for student housing, parking and transportation sufficient to handle enrollment growth while maintaining desirable open space.

Academics[edit]

Colleges[edit]

  • Mike Curb College of Arts, Media & Communication
  • David Nazarian College of Business & Economics
  • Michael D. Eisner College of Education
  • College of Engineering & Computer Science
  • College of Health & Human Development
  • College of Humanities
  • College of Science & Mathematics
  • College of Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Roland Tseng College of Extended Learning

Cal State Northridge faculty have been recognized for their high quality. Eight faculty members have been awarded prestigious Guggenheim Fellowships for research and creative activity, while 59 have won Fulbright awards to conduct research or teach abroad.

Admissions[edit]

Fall Freshman Statistics[4][11][12][13][14][15][16]

  2014
preliminary
2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Freshman Applicants 31,861 30,906 29,339 25,824 23,024 20,662
Admits 18,948 13,566 16,075 16,926 14,984
 % Admitted 61.3 46.2 62.2 73.5 72.5
Enrolled 5,817 4,143 5,264
GPA 2.55 2.59 2.58 2.55
Average SAT 935 937
*SAT out of 1600

The university draws its freshmen from the top one-third of California high school graduates. CSUN's admissions program is rated as "less selective" in most major fields, but admissions to "impacted" majors, such as accounting, music, computer science and cinema and television are more selective. For the fall of 2013, the university received a record 29,865 freshman applications.

The Roland Tseng College of Extended Learning is a division within the university aimed at addressing the educational needs of mid career professionals. The college develops and offers study opportunities which are designed to ensure that the individuals, communities and organizations served by the university achieve their lifelong learning goals.

CSUN's Chicana and Chicano Studies Department is the largest in California.[17]

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
National
Forbes[18] 441
Global
Regional
U.S. News & World Report[19] 68 (West)
Master's University class
Washington Monthly[20] 28

CSUN consistently ranks in the top 25 for master's level universities based on the size of its foreign student population. Undergraduate Engineering program ranked fifth among California public colleges (Masters level colleges) and fourteenth among U.S. public colleges (U.S. News & World Report).[21] College of Business and Economics has been recognized by the U.S. Department of Commerce for its vital role in promoting international trade in the Los Angeles area.[22] In 2011, CSUN ranked eighth in the nation that award bachelor’s degrees to minorities in the field of communications.[23] CSUN ranked second among 529 master's level universities in preparing students who later earn doctoral degrees (National Science Foundation).[24] The university ranked first in number of graduates who went on to earn Ph.D.s in the social sciences and psychology. It has the largest number of Central American, Armenian, and deaf students than any university in the USA.[24]

In 2008, CSUN ranked ninth among top 20 undergraduate schools whole alumni pass the California Bar Exam (#1 among all the CSU campuses).[25] The Department of Music at California State University, Northridge is ranked among the top 25 accredited university programs in the nation.[26] In 2008, CSUN awarded President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll with Distinction (Corporation for National and Community Service). In 2007 & 2008, CSUN team won first place out of 300 colleges and universities at the Model United Nations competition.

CSUN awards more California Teaching Credentials than any other public institution, more than from all the University of California campuses combined. In 2003, CSUN's Northridge Singers were named "Choir of the World", taking the top prize during their debut appearance at an international music competition in Wales. In 2002, CSUN was one of only four universities in USA selected by the Carnegie Corporation of New York for exemplary teacher preparation programs. In 2001, the Department of Cinema and Television Arts was ranked #1 in the Western United States by the Association of Independent Feature Film Producers. In 2001, the Consumer Affairs Option in the Family & Consumer Sciences Department was ranked #1 in the Western United States by the Society of Consumer Affairs Professionals.

Campus[edit]

Locations of interest[edit]

The CSUN Botanic Garden is located in the southeast quad (near Zelzah & Nordhoff).[27] It is part of the Biology Department for university curriculum, and also a regionally important demonstration garden and educational resource for the community.[28] It has new focus projects for plants usable for regionally local sustainable landscaping using sustainable gardening techniques and studying and 'planting' ethnobotany insights and links.[29] One of the few remaining historic (circa 1920s) orange groves is thriving on southeastern campus quad. The citrus industry was formerly had groves covering much of the San Fernando Valley. The rows of large eucalyptus trees, historic windbreaks for agricultural fields from the late 19th century, are found towering over the perimeters of the campus, surviving planners developing campus expansions with valor.[30]

Oviatt Library[edit]

Oviatt Library in 2009.

The California State University, Northridge's Oviatt Library provides educational, cultural and information services and resources to the students and faculty. Its primary mission is to support and supplement classroom and independent learning; facilitate student and faculty research; and provide students with lifelong skills in identifying, locating, evaluating and synchronizing information.

All library materials are housed in the Delmar T. Oviatt Library, a 234,712-square-foot (21,805.5 m2) state-of-the-art facility. There are over 1,600 seats for in-house study. Of note are the Learning Commons, 3 computer equipped library instruction labs, and 200 computer workstations devoted to library information resources. Specially equipped computer workstations are located throughout the Library for individuals with disabilities, including four assistive technology equipped study rooms for students. During Fall and Spring semesters, the building is open 90 hours a week. The Library maintains its own server and web pages providing access to online electronic information and archives 24 hours a day for students and the public at the Oviatt Library Digital Collections.[31] The library also maintains its own AS/RS (Automatic Storage and Retrieval System).

The Oviatt Library has a physical collection containing 1.4 million volumes, of which over one million are books, and over 245,000 bound periodical volumes.[32] The Library subscribes to over 50,000 online journals, 200 online databases and more than 300,000 ebooks. The microform collection contains 3.1 million pieces. There are over 12,500 sound recordings, 10,000 film and video recordings and nearly 60,000 pictures and other graphic materials. The Special Collections & Archives' holdings exceed 4,000 feet (1,200 m) of materials. The library also has a large collection of materials on Human Sexuality—possibly the "second largest private collection on human sexuality" behind the Kinsey Institute.[33] In addition, the Teacher's Curriculum Center provides a circulating collection of curricular materials for education students and local educators.

The Library is heavily used with 8.2 million uses of its web pages annually, an annual gate count of 1.4 million, and over a half a million interactions per year with Library personnel.

Other Collections[edit]

Other campus departments and centers with collections:

  • The Aronstam Library,[34] devoted to communication studies research and scholarship for Communication Studies Department undergraduate, graduate, and faculty members
  • The National Center on Deafness Library, housed in Chisolm Hall
  • The Geography Department's Map Library, housed in Sierra Hall
  • The Script Library in Manzanita Hall features over 800 screenplays

Transportation[edit]

CSUN public transportation[edit]

CSUN is served by

Metro Bus Lines

  • 152 North Hollywood Station via Fallbrook Ave.: Roscoe Blvd (Connection needed at Reseda Bl with Line 240/741)
  • 158 Chatsworth Station: Sherman Oaks via Devonshire St & Woodman Av
  • 166 Chatsworth Station: Sun Valley via Nordhoff St, Osborne St
  • 167 Chatsworth Station: Studio City via Plummer St, Coldwater Canyon Av
  • 168 Chatsworth Station: Pacoima via Lassen St & Paxton St
  • 239 Sylmar Station: Encino via Rinaldi St, Zelzah Av, Lindley St, White Oak Av
  • 240 Northridge: Universal City Station via Reseda Bl, Ventura Bl
  • 353 North Hollywood Station via Roscoe Bl.: Lankershim Bl. Limited (Connection needed at Reseda Bl with Line 240/741)
  • 364 Chatsworth Station: Sun Valley via Nordhoff St, Osborne St Limited
  • 741 Northridge: Tarzana via Reseda Bl Rapid-Limited

Lines 240/741 connects with the Metro Orange Line at Reseda Station. The Metro Orange Line (Warner Center – Van Nuys – North Hollywood) connects with the Metro Red Line (North Hollywood – Hollywood – Downtown Los Angeles) & Santa Clarita Bus Line 757 at North Hollywood Station.

AVTA Bus Line

  • 787 West San Fernando Valley: Lancaster/Palmdale Express.

Route Stops at Plummer St & Reseda Bl.

LADOT Bus Lines

  • DASH Northridge: serves Northridge Metrolink Station, Northridge Fashion Mall, and Reseda Community.
  • 419 Chatsworth: Mission Hills – Downtown Los Angeles via Devonshire St Express

Metrolink/AMTRAK Shuttle

  • CSUN: Northridge Station.

Proposed: CSUN Transit Center[edit]

In a presentation to the San Fernando Valley Governance council, CSUN revealed the proposal for a Transportation Center on Vincennes Street between Darby St and Etiwanda Ave. The Transit Center will most likely look like that of North Hollywood Red Line Station. The Center will give access to Metro, LADOT and other bus services. The transit center will also include bicycle parking and a CSUN Tram stop as well.[35]

Metro is already including bus line changes to serve the Transit Center in its June 2010 service changes.[36]

National Center on Deafness[edit]

The National Center on Deafness was established in 1978 as a way to serve deaf students at the university. Support services such as sign language interpreters, real-time captioners, and notetakers are coordinated from this center, as well as serving as a location of academic advisement and gathering of deaf students. For the 2008 Fall semster, approximately 200 deaf students are served by the National Center on Deafness.

Film and television shoots[edit]

Because of its proximity to Hollywood, the campus has been an attractive spot for dozens of films and television shows, most recently American Idol in 2013. Others include Arrested Development, Ringer, Chuck, Dexter, My Name Is Earl, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Commander in Chief, Van Wilder, Six Feet Under, The Karate Kid, Battlestar Galactica, The Office, McMillan & Wife, Son in Law, Bring It On: Fight to the Finish, The Glass Bottom Boat, Legally Blonde 2, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Roswell, The Nick Cannon Show, Quincy, M.E., Georgia Rule, and Sky High (where the Oviatt Library is prominently featured). Recently, the Barry Levinson-directed What Just Happened was filmed at the Oviatt Library and featured Robert De Niro and Sean Penn. The pilot of the remake of the television series "Knight Rider" filmed a car chase on campus, acting as Stanford University. During spring break 2008, the library acted as Starfleet Academy for Star Trek (the 2009 version).[37] The parking lots to the north of the campus were featured in the movie Superbad.[38]

Athletics[edit]

CSUN fields 16 sports at the NCAA Division I level. CSUN fields both men's and women's teams in Basketball, Cross Country, Golf, Soccer, Track and Field, and Volleyball. CSUN also has Baseball and Softball and women's Tennis and Water polo teams. CSUN has dropped some sports. Due to state and university budget deficits, in 2001 CSUN dropped football, a team that cost the university $1 million a year and had little fan support.[39] CSUN cut men's and women's swimming in 2010 due to a statewide and campus budget crisis.[40]

CSUN has been a member of the Big West Conference since the summer of 2001 for most sports. The men's and women's Track and Field teams and the men's Volleyball team compete in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation instead.

The men's basketball team has participated in the NCAA tournament in 2001 and 2009 but without winning a game. The team made it to three Big Sky championship games in 1997, 2000 and 2001. CSUN beat Eastern Washington in 2001 to advance to their first NCAA tournament. CSUN was seeded 13th but lost to the number four seed Kansas in the round of 64. CSUN has played in two Big West championship games in 2004 and 2009. CSUN beat Pacific in 2009, and was seeded 15th in the NCAA tournament but lost to the number two seed Memphis in the round of 64.

CSUN men's Soccer reached the 3rd Round of the 2006 NCAA tournament, knocking out Big West Conference rival UC Santa Barbara in the 2nd Round. Both the men's and women's Track & Field teams won Big West titles in 2007. Men's Volleyball reached the Final Four in 2010 but lost to Penn State. Before moving up to Division I, the university won 30 national titles at the Division II level.[citation needed]

The Men's Basketball team, Women's Basketball team, Men's Volleyball team and Women's Volleyball team play in the 1,600 seat Matadome located in Redwood Hall.

CSUN's sports teams are known as the Matadors. CSUN is the only university in the country to have the Matador as their mascot.[citation needed]

Groups and organizations[edit]

Demographics of student body
Undergraduate
African American 9.0%
Asian American 12.7%
White American 29.2%
Hispanic American 30.2%
Native American 0.4%
International 5.4%
Ethnicity unreported/unknown 13.1%

Media[edit]

  • KCSN radio
  • The Daily Sundial:[41] college newspaper
  • Valley View News: student television station
  • Scene Magazine: student-created magazine
  • Northridge Magazine
CSUN at National Model UN (2007)

CSUN Model United Nations[edit]

The Political Science Department's Model United Nations received first-place honors at the National Model United Nations Conference of 2000, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, and 2013 in New York. The team has also won first place awards in the international conferences in Xian, China (2008) and in Ecuador (2010).[42]

Student organizations[edit]

The University is home to many fraternal organizations including thirteen North-American Interfraternity Conference members such as Lambda Chi Alpha, Tau Kappa Epsilon, Zeta Beta Tau, Kappa Sigma, Sigma Chi, Pi Kappa Alpha, Pi Kappa Phi, Sigma Phi Epsilon, Alpha Epsilon Pi, and Sigma Alpha Epsilon, along with seven National Panhellenic Conference members, which includes Alpha Omicron Pi, Alpha Xi Delta, Alpha Phi, Delta Delta Delta, Delta Zeta, Kappa Kappa Gamma and Phi Mu.

The campus has seven United Sorority and Fraternity Council members, such as Gamma Zeta Alpha Fraternity and Lambda Theta Nu Sorority, two Armenian Greek Council members, seven National Pan-Hellenic Council members. There are also many political and cultural clubs on campus including Chabad at CSUN and Hillel: The Foundation for Jewish Campus Life for Jewish students, Students for Justice in Palestine, MEChA and the Hip-Hop Think Tank.[43]

Notable alumni and former students[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/Endowment%20Files/2013NCSEEndowmentMarketValuesRevisedJan232014.pdf
  2. ^ "CSU Trustees Appoint Dianne F. Harrison as President of Cal State Northridge" (Press release). California State University. March 22, 2012. Retrieved March 23, 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.calstate.edu/as/stat_reports/2013-2014/fmaj02.htm
  4. ^ a b http://www.csun.edu/~instrsch/index.html
  5. ^ "The Valley Observed: San Fernando Valley history and sense of place". Americassuburb.com. November 24, 2005. Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  6. ^ Search CSU Degrees
  7. ^ http://degrees.calstate.edu/uploads/55/64/5564d4b6ec1584227ca2d1054c759f0f/Credential-Programs-08212012.pdf
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "CSUN History". Csun.edu. Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  9. ^ Daily Sundial, March 26, 1968, p.1. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  10. ^ John Chandler, "Professor's Chronicle Takes a Hard Look at History of CSUN," Los Angeles Times (December 12, 1993).
  11. ^ http://www.csun.edu/%7Einstrsch/index.html
  12. ^ CSU | Analytic Studies | CSU Statistical Reports for 2011-2012
  13. ^ http://www.asd.calstate.edu/csrde/ftf/2010htm/nor.htm
  14. ^ CSU APPLICATIONS AND ADMISSIONS REPORTS, FALL 2012
  15. ^ http://irqry.csun.edu:8080/openweb/hs_info/194413/index.html
  16. ^ http://www.calstate.edu/pa/documents/Fall2014Applications.pdf
  17. ^ "largest Chicano Department in the nation". Csun.edu. Retrieved March 28, 2012. 
  18. ^ "America's Top Colleges". Forbes.com LLC™. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Regional Universities Rankings". America's Best Colleges 2012. U.S. News & World Report. September 13, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  20. ^ "The Washington Monthly Master's University Rankings". The Washington Monthly. 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011. 
  21. ^ California State University-Northridge | Overall Rankings | Best College | US News
  22. ^ CSUN’s College of Business and Economics Recognized by U.S. Department of Commerce
  23. ^ CSUN’s communication department ranked eighth in bachelor’s degrees earned by minorities | Daily Sundial
  24. ^ a b Plunk's Page
  25. ^ http://www.csun.edu/ua/marketing-and-communications/community/pdf/CommunityCSUN4-14-08.pdf
  26. ^ CSU Newsline - Real Estate Investor Robert Barbera Creates Music Endowment at Cal State Northridge
  27. ^ "MAP". Csun.edu. Retrieved March 28, 2012. 
  28. ^ "INTRO". Csun.edu. Retrieved March 28, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Vision". Csun.edu. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  30. ^ Valley Citrus, Oviatt Library Digital Archives (Access date: December 13, 2011)
  31. ^ "digital-library.csun.edu". digital-library.csun.edu. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  32. ^ Collection Statistics[dead link]
  33. ^ MacNeal, Dave (December 4, 2008). "Porn Connection: A Tale of two stashes". Daily Sundial. 
  34. ^ "CSUN Department of Communication Studies". Csun.edu. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  35. ^ "No Slide Title" (PDF). Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  36. ^ "LA Metro Home". Metro.net. April 22, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  37. ^ Ain't It Cool News Accessed March 2008
  38. ^ ‘American Idol’ holds auditions at VPAC, adding to long list of productions filmed on campus | Daily Sundial
  39. ^ LA Times, CSUN May Punt Expensive Football Team, Oct. 3, 2001, http://articles.latimes.com/2001/oct/03/local/me-52766
  40. ^ Cal State Northridge Announces Discontinuation of Men’s and Women’s Swimming Programs, March 1, 2010, http://blogs.csun.edu/news/2010/03/swimming/
  41. ^ "sundial.csun.edu". sundial.csun.edu. June 5, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  42. ^ Model United Nations team wins Outstanding Delegation Award | Daily Sundial
  43. ^ "Former 'video vixen' discusses women in hip-hop culture", Daily Sundial, November 25, 2008
  44. ^ "Andy Grammer Keeps His Head Up". Grammy.com. June 30, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  45. ^ All About Jazz. "Fred Katz at All About Jazz". Allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved March 28, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°14′30″N 118°31′42″W / 34.24167°N 118.52833°W / 34.24167; -118.52833