CSX Transportation

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"CSX" redirects here. For the parent company, see CSX Corporation. For other uses, see CSX (disambiguation).
CSX Transportation
CSX transp logo.svg
CSX Transportation system map.svg
CSX system map; trackage rights in purple
Jacksonville Acosta Bridge & CSX Panorama.jpg
CSX headquarters building, Jacksonville, Florida; Florida East Coast Railway bridge in background
Reporting mark CSXT
Locale Alabama
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Ontario
Pennsylvania
Quebec
South Carolina
Tennessee
Virginia
Washington D.C.
West Virginia
Dates of operation 1986 (1986)–present
Predecessor Chessie System
Clinchfield Railroad
Seaboard System Railroad
Conrail
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length 21,000 mi (34,000 km)
Headquarters Jacksonville, Florida
Website csx.com

CSX Transportation (reporting mark CSXT) is a Class I railroad in the United States. The main subsidiary of the CSX Corporation, the railroad is headquartered in Jacksonville, Florida, and owns about 21,000 route miles (34,000 km).[1] CSX operates one of the three Class I railroads serving most of the East Coast, the other two being the Norfolk Southern Railway (NS) and Canadian Pacific Railway. It also serves the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

History[edit]

CSX Transportation was formed on July 1, 1986, by combining the Chessie System and Seaboard System Railroad. The originator of the Seaboard System was the former Seaboard Air Line Railroad, which previously merged Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in 1967, and later Louisville & Nashville Railroad, as well as several smaller subsidiaries such as the Clinchfield Railroad, Atlanta & West Point Railroad, and the Georgia Railroad. On August 31, 1987, the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway, which had absorbed the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad on April 30 of that year, merged into CSX.[2]

On June 23, 1997, CSX and Norfolk Southern Railway (NS) filed a joint application with the Surface Transportation Board for authority to purchase, divide, and operate the assets of the 11,000 miles (18,000 km) Conrail, which had been created in 1976 by bringing together several ailing Northeastern railway systems into a government-owned corporation. On June 6, 1998, the STB approved the CSX–NS application and set August 22, 1998, as the effective date of its decision. CSX acquired 42 percent of Conrail's assets, and NS received the remaining 58 percent. As a result of the transaction, CSX's rail operations grew to include some 3,800 miles (6,100 km) of the Conrail system (predominantly lines that had belonged to the former New York Central Railroad). CSX began operating its trains on its portion of the Conrail network on June 1, 1999. CSX now serves much of the eastern U.S., with a few routes into nearby Canadian cities.[3]

CSX divisions[edit]

CSX operates two regions of five divisions each: the Northern, based in Calumet City, Illinois, and Southern, based in Jacksonville, Florida.

Northern Region Divisions

  • Great Lakes Division – Based in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Chicago Division – Based in Calumet City, Illinois
  • Albany Division – Based in Selkirk, New York
  • Baltimore Division – Based in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Louisville Division – Based in Cincinnati, Ohio

Their one line in the Northern Region that travels into Canada:

Southern Region Divisions

  • Atlanta Division – Based in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Huntington Division – Based in Huntington, West Virginia
  • Nashville Division – Based in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Florence Division – Based in Florence, South Carolina
  • Jacksonville Division – Based in Jacksonville, Florida (at Dufford Center)

Unit trains[edit]

CSX operates the Juice Train, train numbers Q140 and Q141, a train consisting of Tropicana cars that carry fresh orange juice between Bradenton, Florida and the Greenville section of Jersey City, New Jersey. At Jacksonville, Florida, Q140 is split and cars not sent to Greenville are sent a terminal in Cincinnati, Ohio. The train is also split at Jacksonville with sections to Bradenton, Florida, and Fort Pierce, Florida, via the Florida East Coast Railway. In the 21st century, CSX Juice Trains have been the focus of efficiency studies and have received awards. They are considered good examples of how modern rail transportation can compete successfully with trucking and other modes to carry perishable products.

Coke Express trains run between Pittsburgh and Chicago, and other places in the rust belt, carrying coke to industries, mainly steel mills.

CSX also runs daily trash trains Q702 and Q703 from The Bronx to Philadelphia (via Selkirk Yard) and then Petersburg, Virginia where they interchange with NS. These trains consist of 89' flatcars loaded with four containers of trash. Another pair of trains, Q710 and Q711 originate in Kearny, NJ and terminate in Russell, KY.

Another style of unit train is a local trash train, D765, runs between Derwood and Dickerson, both in Maryland. The train runs daily except on Sundays; on holidays it sometimes runs twice a day. Trash is carried from Montgomery County's Shady Grove Transfer Station to a waste-to-energy plant located off the PEPCO lead to Mirant's Dickerson Generating Station. The trip is roughly 17 miles (27 km), and the train is made up of National Steel Car Company-built well cars, hauling 40‑foot containers. The first NEMX equipment was built when the D765 first started operations in 1995. In recent years, the fleet has been somewhat upgraded, repainted, and new cars have been constructed. In the early days, the locomotives powering the train were a GP40-2/RDMT slug set, but currently the train can be upwards of 47 cars. The locomotives that now routinely power the train are a pair of EMD SD50s.

Working with Union Pacific, CSX runs an extended-haul perishables train, Q090; known by the railroad as the "Apple Train" or "Salad Shooter", from Wallula to Schenectady. This train typically runs with three of Union Pacific's newest locomotives and has its extended haul inspection from Wallula to Schenectady at Cleveland-Collinwood Yard on CSX headed in both directions, but on the return trip the train is labeled as a Q091. The CSX Train Handling rule book is modified specially for this train to allow use of more power axles.[4]

Locomotives[edit]

CSX currently uses a blue and yellow paint scheme for its locomotives. Former Conrail locomotives can be spotted by recognizing phase differences in engine models and numbering. Other spotting details can be inconsistent, but can include a number of the following: red marker lights, Leslie model RS3L air horns, former Conrail SD40-2s ride on Flexicoil "C" trucks and have anticlimbers, ditch lights mounted beneath the anticlimber, headlights above the cab (vs. CSX's standard practice of nose mounted headlights on all wide nose GE units), and modified "Bright Future" paint with battery box faces painted yellow versus black or blue. There are no longer any Conrail-painted locomotives in active service with CSX.

CSX has created a paint scheme, known as YN3, which debuted in 2002 on EMD SD50 8503,[5] now downgraded to an SD50-2. Currently, CSX has over 1000 YN3-painted locomotives and are continuing to paint their locomotives in YN3. The vast majority of CSX locomotives today have flashing ditch lights.

CSX recently created a new paint scheme known commonly as YN3b, which incorporates the most recent CSX logo with the former YN3 scheme. The first unit to wear this scheme was ES44AH 950. Currently, CSX's ES44AHs 950-999 & 3000-3159 wear the scheme, along with several recently repainted older locomotives, the first of which was SD70MAC 4719, which was repainted at the Huntington Locomotive Shops in September 2012. CSX has also obtained a few EMD F40PHs that were retired from Amtrak for executive office car service. This paint scheme has also been referred to as the "Cost Cutter" scheme, to save money, if for no other reason.

Inherited from Conrail, CSX obtained 16 SD80MACs, some of the most powerful locomotives ever built, rated at 5,000 hp which are now all painted in YN3.

Incidents[edit]

CSX yards[edit]

Hump and control tower at Selkirk Yard.
Locomotive waiting at the Cumberland Yard.

CSX operates a number of large classification yards around the system that include "hump yard" operations. Trains are slowly pushed over a small manmade hill as cars are uncoupled at the crest of the hill and allowed to roll down the hump into the appropriate tracks for outbound trains. These are located at:

Hump Yards (12)

CSX also operates numerous trains to and from Oak Island Yard, near Newark, New Jersey, which is operated by Conrail Shared Assets on its and Norfolk Southern's behalf. CSX operates two pairs of daily trains to/from Oak Island, Q433 and Q434 coming from and going to Selkirk, along with Q300 and Q301 to and from South Philadelphia.

Flat Yards: Flat Yards are where a locomotive pulls and pushes cars around the yard, assembling a train.

Intermodal Yards (this list is incomplete)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CSX Transportation, Jacksonville, FL. "Company Overview." Accessed 2012-12-02.
  2. ^ CSX Transportation."Our Evolution and History." Interactive timeline. Accessed 2012-12-02.
  3. ^ Dolinger, Milt (2006-05-01). "How CSX got its name". Trains magazine online. 
  4. ^ Air Brake and Train Handling Rules,. CSX Transportation. October 2007. pp. Section 4, Page 1. 
  5. ^ http://www.trainweb.org/csxphotos/photos/SD50/8503CSX-yn3.jpg

External links[edit]