CTOL is an acronym for conventional take-off and landing, and is the process whereby conventional aircraft (such as passenger aircraft) take off and land, involving the use of runways. The aircraft will taxi along the runway until its rotation speed is reached, then climb into the air. During landings, the aircraft will touch the ground while still traveling at a significant forward velocity.
See also 
- "V/STOL - Was it a good idea?". Retrieved 19 July 2012. By David Hobbs
- "Bloomberg suggests return of seaplanes to ease airport congestion". 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
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