C (New York City Subway service)

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Eighth Avenue Local
C symbol
C map
Northern end 168th Street
Southern end Euclid Avenue
Stations 40
Rolling stock R32
Depot 207th Street Yard

The C Eighth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. It is colored vivid blue on route signs, station signs and the official subway map since it runs on the IND Eighth Avenue Line through Manhattan.

The C service operates at all times except late nights, making all stops between 168th Street in Washington Heights, Manhattan, and Euclid Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn via Central Park West / Eighth Avenue in Manhattan and Fulton Street in Brooklyn. During late night hours, the A train, which runs express along the entire C route during daytime hours, makes all stops. The C train has no elevated stations, running underground for its entire route.

History[edit]

  • The C and CC services began operation on July 1, 1933 over the then-new IND Concourse Line. The CC local provided continuous service between Bedford Park Boulevard and Hudson Terminal, while the C ran express, from 205th Street to Bergen Street in Brooklyn.
  • Beginning December 15, 1940, the D train entered service with the opening of the IND Sixth Avenue Line. It joined the C as the peak direction Concourse Express. CC trains now ran between Hudson Terminal and Bedford Park during rush hours and on Saturdays as well. Other times, the D made local stops in the Bronx.
A Brooklyn-bound C train of R32s awaiting departure at 168th Street
CC Train (1967-1979).svg
1967–1979 service bullet
CC Train - diamond.svg
1979–1985 service bullet
  • Beginning October 10, 1944, C trains no longer ran on Saturdays and limited morning rush hour service began between 205th Street, Bronx and Utica Avenue, Brooklyn, making local stops on the IND Fulton Street Line.
  • On October 24, 1949, C service was discontinued and during rush hours, CC trains terminated at Broadway – Lafayette Street. Two years later, CC trains were discontinued on Saturdays and in 1954, it returned to the Hudson Terminal.
  • On August 27, 1976, the CC train replaced the E train as the local along Fulton Street and to Rockaway Park. It became the only subway train to run through all four boroughs served by the subway. It ran from Bedford Park Boulevard in the Bronx, though Manhattan via Central Park West and Eighth Avenue, into Brooklyn via the Cranberry Street Tunnel, and then on the Fulton Street Line and Jamaica Bay Crossing to Rockaway Park in Queens.
  • In May 1985, the IND practice of using double letters to indicate local service was discontinued. The CC service was renamed the C.
  • In 1988, the K train was discontinued, and the C train was extended to run at all times except late nights. It ran local to Euclid Avenue midday and rush hours (the A ran express in Brooklyn during this time), and to World Trade Center during evenings and weekends. During rush hours, it ran to Bedford Park Boulevard and other times, to 145th Street.
  • On October 23, 1992, rush hour C service was cut back from Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street to Euclid Avenue.
  • Beginning April 1995, C service ran to 168th Street – Washington Heights during midday and weekends. In November of that year, midday service was cut back to 145th Street.
  • On March 1, 1998, the B and C, which were the two local services along Central Park West, switched northern terminals, ending the connection between the C and The Bronx. The C now terminates at 168th Street whenever it operates.
  • Starting in 1999, C trains ran local to Euclid Avenue on the weekends and A trains ran express in Brooklyn at all times except late nights.
  • In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, C service was suspended until September 24, 2001. Local service along Central Park West was replaced by the A and D, and the E was extended from Canal Street to Euclid Avenue.
  • On January 23, 2005, a fire at the Chambers Street signal room crippled A and C service. C service was suspended until February 2. Initial assessments suggested that it would take several years to restore normal service, but the damaged equipment was replaced with available spare parts, and normal service resumed on April 21.

Maintenance and rider issues[edit]

In August 2012, the Straphangers Campaign rated the C train the worst of the city's subway services for the fourth straight year. No other service has ranked worst for more than three years in a row. The group found that the C performed worst in three of the six categories in its annual State of the Subways Report Card: amount of scheduled service, interior cleanliness, and breakdown rate. It also ranked next-to-worst in car announcement quality, after the 7, but performed above average in regularity of service and crowding.[1][2]The New York Times called the C the "least loved of New York City subway lines", citing its fleet of R32s, which, at about 50 years of age, are the oldest cars in the system.[1] For the summers of 2011 and 2012, R46s ran on this service while the R32s were moved to the A train to save their older air conditioning units from having to work underground at all times. For the summers of 2013 and 2014, some R160s operated this service while some R32s operated the J/Z for the same reason.

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the C service:

Line From To Tracks
IND Eighth Avenue Line 168th Street Canal Street local
Chambers Street High Street all
IND Fulton Street Line Jay Street – MetroTech Euclid Avenue local

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
C service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
Manhattan
Stops all times except late nights 168th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights 163rd Street – Amsterdam Avenue
Stops all times except late nights 155th Street
Stops all times except late nights 145th Street A all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times (IND Concourse Line)
Stops all times except late nights 135th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times except late nights 116th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights Cathedral Parkway – 110th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 103rd Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 96th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 86th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 81st Street – Museum of Natural History B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 72nd Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 59th Street – Columbus Circle Handicapped/disabled access A all times B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights 50th Street Handicapped/disabled access E all times (IND Queens Boulevard Line) Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
Stops all times except late nights 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal Handicapped/disabled access A all times E all times
1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line),
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line),
N all times Q all times R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line),
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
at Times Square – 42nd Street
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 34th Street – Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access A all times E all times M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times except late nights 23rd Street E all times
Stops all times except late nights 14th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times E all times
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Stops all times except late nights West Fourth Street – Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access A all times E all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops all times except late nights Spring Street E all times
Stops all times except late nights Canal Street A all times E all times
Stops all times except late nights Chambers Street A all times E all times
2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops all times except late nights Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times
2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
4 all times 5 all except late nights (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J weekdays and weekday late nights Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to N late nights R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway
Brooklyn
Stops all times except late nights High Street A all times
Stops all times except late nights Jay Street – MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access A all times F all times
N late nights R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets A all times
G all times (IND Crosstown Line)
Stops all times except late nights Lafayette Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Clinton–Washington Avenues
Stops all times except late nights Franklin Avenue Handicapped/disabled access S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights Nostrand Avenue A all times B44 Select Bus Service, LIRR Atlantic Branch at Nostrand Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Kingston–Throop Avenues B15 bus to JFK Airport
Stops all times except late nights Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access A all times
Stops all times except late nights Ralph Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Rockaway Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Broadway Junction A all times
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Jamaica Line)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Stops all times except late nights Liberty Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Van Siclen Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Shepherd Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Euclid Avenue Handicapped/disabled access A all times

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Grynbaum, Michael M. (26 August 2011). "For Often-Late Cars of Subway’s C Train, Retirement Must Wait". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "State of the Subways 2012 table". Straphangers Campaign. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 

External links[edit]