|Alternative names||Tortum kebabı , Oltu kebabı|
|Place of origin||Turkey|
|Region or state||Erzurum|
|Creator||Disputed, with various lawsuits. Goes back to 18th century.|
|Main ingredients||Marinated slices of lamb, tail fat, onion, sweet basil, black pepper and salt.|
|Cookbook:Çağ kebabı Çağ kebabı|
Cağ kebabı (pronounced [ˈdʒaː cebabɯ]) is a rotating kebab variety, originating in Turkey's Erzurum Province. The cities of Tortum and Oltu in the said province and Yusufeli in the neighboring Artvin province are in a heated debate concerning the origin of the dish. As such, in Turkish metropolises, this dish can be called "Oltu kebabı" or "Tortum kebabı" depending on the origins of the chef.
Ottoman Travelbooks of the eighteenth century cite a kebab cooked on wood fire consisting of horizontal stack of meat, known as "Cağ Kebabı" in the Eastern Turkish province of Erzurum, which is probably the ancestor of the Döner as we know it.
The word "Cağ" or Chagh in Armenian, which literally means fat or thick. Given the fact that Erzurum and the rest of eastern Turkey were populated by a large number of Armenians prior to the Armenian Genocide, the term Cağ Kebabi probably came from Armenian, where it literally means "fat kebab" or "thick kebab".
Slices of lamb and large quantities of tail fat are left to marinate in a mixture comprising a lot of yoğurt, black pepper and sliced onions for the length of a day. They are then impaled on the spit (Cağ), and stacked heavily. The spit is then locked and transferred to the fire where there is a fairly complicated device that controls the cooking of the spit. This typically includes a mechanism for turning the meat, another one for raising and lowering it, and also dents on the side to move the stack towards the fire as it gets thinner after being served repeatedly.
- Yierasimos, Marianna (Γιεράσιμος, Μαριάννα) (2005). 500 Yıllık Osmanlı Mutfağı (500 Years of Ottoman Cuisine) (in Turkish). Istanbul: Boyut Kitapları Yayın Grubu. p. 307. ISBN 975-23-0111-8.
- "Döner Hakkında – Dönerin Tarihçesi" (in Turkish). Dönercibaşı- Özbilir Grup. Retrieved 2009-03-03.[dead link]
- İskenderoğlu, Yavuz (2008). "Yavuz İskenderoğlu-Kebapçı İskender Tarihçesi" (in Turkish). Kebapçı İskender. Retrieved 2009-03-03.
- Yaman, Renan (1993). Döner Kebabın Hikâyesi (Story of the Döner Kebab) (in Turkish). Ankara: THKATV Yayınları. pp. 92–102.
- http://www.gelgorcagkebabi.com/ - the restaurant of Şakir Aktaş in Oltu, Erzurum, claiming the invention
- http://www.cagkebap.com/cagkebap.htm - the restaurant of Kemâl Koç from Tortum, Erzurum, claiming the invention