Plăieșii de Jos

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Plăieşii de Jos
Kászon
Commune
Coat of arms of Plăieşii de Jos
Coat of arms
Location of Plăieşii de Jos
Location of Plăieşii de Jos
Plăieşii de Jos is located in Romania
Plăieşii de Jos
Plăieşii de Jos
Location of Plăieşii de Jos
Coordinates: 46°14′0″N 26°6′0″E / 46.23333°N 26.10000°E / 46.23333; 26.10000Coordinates: 46°14′0″N 26°6′0″E / 46.23333°N 26.10000°E / 46.23333; 26.10000
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Zoltán András (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 • Total 302.52 km2 (116.80 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 3,012
 • Density 9.84/km2 (25.5/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537235
Area code(s) +40 266
Website www.kaszon.ro

Plăieşii de Jos (Hungarian: Kászonaltíz or Kászon, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkaːson]) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Component villages[edit]

The commune is composed of five villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Caşinu Nou Kászonújfalu
Iacobeni Kászonjakabfalva
Imper[a] Kászonimpér
Plăieşii de Jos Kászonaltíz
Plăieşii de Sus Kászonfeltíz

^ Colloquially Imper-Doboi or Doboi.

History[edit]

The villages were part of the Székely Land region of the historical Transylvania province. They belonged to Csíkszék district. In 1850, they became part of the Udvarhely military region. After the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, they fell within the Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Hungarian (Székely) majority. According to the 2011 census it has a population of 3,012 of which 91.93% or 2,769 are Hungarian. Imper village has a Romanian majority.

Twinnings[edit]

The commune is twinned with:

References[edit]