Caatinga enclaves moist forests
|Caatinga enclaves moist forests|
Caatinga enclaves moist forests ecoregion as defined by WWF.
|Area||4,800 km2 (1,900 sq mi)|
The Caatinga enclaves moist forests cover an area of 4,800 km2 (1,900 sq mi) in the state of Ceará, in northeastern Brazil. The enclaves are found mostly on four major regional plateaus, the Chapada do Araripe, Serra de Ibiapaba, Serra de Baturité, and Serra da Borborema. The enclaves are found on windward slopes and plateaus between 600 and 800 m (2,000 and 2,600 ft) elevation.
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The main vegetation type is semi-deciduous forests with four strata of vegetation and emergent trees taller than 30 m (98 ft). The forest is generally similar in composition to the primary Atlantic Forests further east, but includes species from the Caatinga, Cerrado, and Amazon Rainforest as well.
Animals associated with this habitat include birds such as the Grey-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus), Ochraceous Piculet (Picumnus limae), Ceará Gnateater (Conopophaga lineata cearae) and Araripe Manakin (Antilophia bokermanni), frogs such as Adelophryne baturitensis and A. maranguapensis, and lizards such as Mabuya arajara and Leposoma baturitensis.
Most birds endemic to these moist forests enclaves are considered threatened, primarily due to habitat loss, by BirdLife International and, consequently, IUCN. In general the status of other animals is comparably poorly known, but likely to be similar to that of the birds.
- Caatinga xeric shrubland and thorn forests ecoregion
- List of plants of Atlantic Forest vegetation of Brazil
- Ecoregions of the Atlantic Forest biome
- List of ecoregions in Brazil
- Hoekstra, J. M.; Molnar, J. L.; Jennings, M.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D.; Boucher, T. M.; Robertson, J. C.; Heibel, T. J.; Ellison, K. (2010). Molnar, J. L., ed. The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a Difference. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26256-0.
- Tribe, C. J. (2005). A new species of Rhipidomys (Rodentia, Muroidea) from north-eastern Brazil. Arquivos do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, 63(1): 131-146
- "Caatinga enclaves moist forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.