|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2009)|
|City of Cabanatuan|
|Nickname(s): Tricycle Capital of the Philippines|
|Motto: Pagbabago, Progreso, Disiplina|
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Cityhood||June 15, 1950|
|• Mayor||Julius Cesar V. Vergara (Liberal Party)|
|• Vice Mayor||Marius Adriane Garcia (Liberal Party)|
|• Total||192.2863 km2 (74.2422 sq mi)|
|Elevation||31 m (102 ft)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income Class||1st Class|
The City of Cabanatuan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Cabanatuan; Ilocano: Ciudad ti Cabanatuan; Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Cabanatuan) is a city in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. It is the largest city in Nueva Ecija, and 5th in Central Luzon with a population of 272,676 in 2010.
The city is popular for being home to more than 30,000 tricycles. It prides itself as the "Tricycle Capital of the Philippines" and its strategic location along the Cagayan Valley Road has made the city a major economic, educational, medical, entertainment and transportation center in Nueva Ecija and nearby provinces in the region such as Aurora and Bulacan. It has earned the moniker "Gateway to the North".
It was converted from a municipality to a component city of Nueva Ecija on June 15, 1950 through Republic Act no. 526. Cabanatuan remained as Nueva Ecija's capital until 1965 when the government created Palayan City as the new provincial capital. Nueva Ecija's old capitol and other government offices are still used and maintained by the provincial administration. In 1998, Cabanatuan was declared by then-president Fidel V. Ramos as a highly-urbanized city however it failed ratification after the majority of votes in the plebiscite was a "no"; recently, Cabanatuan was once again declared as highly-urbanized city by President Benigno S. Aquino III on July 14, 2012, and is still awaiting ratification.
Cabanatuan City is administratively subdivided into 89 barangays.
- Aduas Centro (Pob.)
- Aduas Norte (Pob.)
- Aduas Sur (Pob.)
- Bagong Sikat
- Bagong Buhay
- Bakod Bayan
- Bantug Bulalo
- Bantug Norte
- Barrera District (Pob.)
- Bernardo District (Pob.)
- Bitas (Pob.)
- Bonifacio District (Pob.)
- Calawagan (Kalawagan)
- Camp Tinio
- Caridad Village (Pob.)
- City Supermarket/Bayan (Pob.)
- Cruz Roja
- Daang Sarile (Pob.)
- Dicarma (Pob.)
- Dimasalang (Pob.)
- D.S. Garcia (Pob.)
- Fatima (Pob.)
- General Luna (Pob.)
- Hermogenes C. Concepcion, Sr. (Pob.)
- Ibabao Bana
- Imelda District (Pob.)
- Isla (Pob.)
- Kalikid Norte
- Kalikid Sur
- Kapitan Pepe (Pob.)
- M. S. Garcia (Pob.)
- Mabini Extension (Pob.)
- Mabini Homesite (Pob.)
- Magsaysay North
- Magsaysay South
- Maria Theresa (Pob.)
- Matadero (Pob.)
- Mayapyap North
- Mayapyap South
- Melojavilla (Pob.)
- Nabao (Pob.)
- Padre Crisostomo (Pob.)
- Padre Burgos (Pob.)
- Pagas (Pob.)
- Quezon District (Pob.)
- Rizdelis (Pob.)
- San Isidro (Pob.)
- San Josef Norte (Pob.)
- San Josef Sur (Pob.)
- San Juan Accfa (Pob.)
- San Roque Norte (Pob.)
- San Roque Sur (Pob.)
- Sumacab Este (Pob.)
- Sumacab Norte (Pob.)
- Sumacab South (POb.)
- Sanbermicristi (Pob.)
- Sangitan West (Pob.)
- Sangitan East
- Santa Arcadia
- Santo Niño
- Valdefuente (Pob.)
- Valle Cruz
- Victoria (Pob.)
- Vijandre District (Pob.)
- Villa Ofelia (Pob.)
- Zulueta District (Pob.)
Cabanatuan was founded as Barrio of Gapan in 1750 and became a Municipality and capital of La Provincia de Nueva Ecija in 1780. Cabanatuan is the site of the historical "Plaza Lucero" and the Cabanatuan Cathedral, where General Antonio Luna was ambushed on his way to Palanan. Cabanatuan lost the title of provincial capital in 1850 when the capital of Nueva Ecija was moved to San Isidro, another historic town. It was only in 1917, when the Administrative code was enacted, that Cabanatuan was restored as capital of the Province. However, in 1965, Congress created Palayan City, which has been the capital ever since.
During World War II, the occupying Japanese built Cabanatuan Prison Camp, where many American soldiers were imprisoned, some of whom had been forced to endure the infamous Bataan Death March. In January 1945, elements of the U.S. Army 6th Ranger Battalion marched 30 miles (48 km) behind enemy lines to rescue the prisoners in what became known as the Raid at Cabanatuan. As a result of the raid, on January 30, 1945, victorious Filipino guerrillas and American troops of the U.S. Army 6th Ranger Battalion celebrated having obtained the freedom of 500 American POWs.
Soon thereafter, Philippine and American forces re-established the presence of military general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, Philippine Constabulary 2nd Infantry Regiment, and the United States Army here in Cabanatuan from February 1945 to June 1946 during the Allied Liberation. Before long, the combined Philippine Commonwealth and American armed forces, in cooperation with local guerrilla resistance fighters and Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas, had liberated Central Luzon from Japanese Imperial forces, a campaign that lasted from January until August 1945.
In 1957, the barrios of Mataas na Kahoy, Balangkare Norte, Balangkare Sur, Sapang Kawayan, Magasawang Sampaloc, Talabutab Norte, Talabutab Sur, Platero, Belen, Pecaleon, Piñahan, Kabulihan, Pasong-Hari, Balaring, Pulong Singkamas, Panaksak, Bravo, Sapang Bato, Burol, Miller, Tila Patio, Pula, Carinay, and Acacia were separated from Cabanatuan and constituted into a separate and independent municipality known as General Mamerto Natividad.
Cabanatuan was also the epicenter of a massive earthquake at roughly 3 p.m. on July 16, 1990. The earthquake leveled some buildings, including the Christian College of the Philippines (Liwag Colleges) in the midst of class time. At 7.7 on the Richter scale, it killed 1,653 people.
|Population census of Cabanatuan City|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The Roman Catholic Church has been the predominant religion in the city, being host to a major cathedral - the St. Nicholas of Tolentine Cathedral which serves as the seat of the bishop of the Diocese of Cabanatuan. There are three major Catholic structures located within the city, these are the Mother of Perpetual Help Parish, the Carmelite Sisters Convent and the Maria Assumpta Seminary. Local chapels/parishes are also present in most barangays. Iglesia ni Cristo also maintains a remarkable presence in Cabanatuan with its large house of worship in Brgy. Zulueta capable of handling 5,000 persons inside. Jesus Miracle Crusade and The United Methodist Church has a large number of congregation within the city boundaries; other Christian denominations also exist. The Islamic faith also has a remarkable presence in Cabanatuan, specifically within the districts of Imelda and Isla. Two large mosques exist in the city, with the largest located at Imelda District.
Cabanatuan City is credited for its good access to commercial banks, and in terms of banking, it ranks as one of the most livable cities in the Philippines together with Makati City. There are 46 banks and 68 financial institutions other than banks. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) has a branch in the city's business district. Telecommunications infrastructure is highly developed as Globe Telecom, Smart Communications, Sun Cellular, Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) and Digitel maintain their business offices in the city. A number of TV and radio stations are also present. Car dealerships abound, making Cabanatuan among the cities with the most number of car dealerships in the country. Existing dealerships are Toyota, Kia, Isuzu, Mazda, Ford, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Peugeot, Hyundai, and Suzuki.
Subdivisions and residential buildings have sprouted like mushroom with more than 100 subdivisions around the city. Residential development continues unabated with the presence of big land developers such as Asia Pacific (Don Jose de Real, Acropolis North Residential and Water Camp), Sta. Lucia Realty (Lakewood City Golf and Residential Estates), Vista Land and Lifescapes, Inc. (Camella Cabanatuan, Lessandra Cabanatuan), and Ayala Land (Avida Residences Sta. Arcadia, Avida Settings Cabanatuan, Amaia Scapes Cabanatuan). Other known subdivisions are North Grove Cabanatuan, Goldenville Subdivision, Primavera Homes, Primavera Homes East, Kapitan Pepe Subdivision, Hilltop Subdivision, Ciudad Real, Villa Benita Subdivision,Ace Executive Homes, Grand Victoria Estates. Ma. Guilla Mansion, a six storey residential building is located at the heart of the city. Microtel Inn and Suites and Hotel Sogo are the top tourist facilities in the city.
Besides being the trading center of agricultural products from the surrounding farming communities, there are other markedly vibrant economic potentials for Cabanatuan City. It is building a reputation of becoming the IT hub of Central Luzon by using the thousands-strong InfoTech workforce in and around the city. The first call center in Nueva Ecija was established in the city in 2008. The provincial government has plans of converting the 15-hectare old capitol site into an IT-BPM zone complete with office buildings and green spaces. It is also fast-becoming a major investment hub and considered as one of the most competitive cities for doing business in the country. The city is the headquarters of the homegrown NE Group of Companies, a relatively large retail and land development company. The Cabanatuan Electric Corporation (CELCOR) is 814th in the list of the top 1000 largest corporations in the Philippines.
The city's continuing urbanization lured investors not only into the city but also to the suburban municipalities as well. Its properly placed infrastructure is already having an effect to the city's economy.
Cabanatuan is home to four malls – NE Mall, the first ever mall built in the city; NE Pacific Mall, the city's most popular mall with an estimated daily foot count of 100,000 people; Robinsons Cabanatuan, a three-storey mall located beside NE Pacific; and Mega Center the Mall, currently the largest in the city. Other shopping centers include Savemore, Puregold, NE Crossing, NE Circumferential, Melanio's, Citi Hardware and the soon to open Stateside Plaza and Wilcon Depot. SM City Cabanatuan, to be the 2nd largest SM mall outside Metro Manila upon completion (135,000 sqm GFA), will probably open in the last quarter of 2014. It will be fitted with a Sky Garden, a feature which is only found in two other SM malls. SM Prime recently acquired Mega Center and will redevelop the mall by early 2014.
The city is a major hub of transportation services in Central Luzon. Cabanatuan City has a large number of bus companies operating provincial and regional routes, with the Cabanatuan Central Transport Terminal serving as the terminus. Jeepney operators serve routes within the province with some reaching as far to Dingalan, Aurora and Tarlac City. Much of the city's population rely on public transportation such as tricycles and jeeps to get around the city.
Maharlika Highway (or Pan-Philippine Highway) is the main highway traversing the city where most vehicles going to Cagayan Valley pass through. Nueva Ecija - Aurora Road links Cabanatuan to Baler, Aurora, passing through rural towns in eastern Nueva Ecija. Burgos Avenue and Del Pilar Street serve as the city's main thoroughfare inside the downtown area. Other major roads include the General Tinio and Rizal Streets which run through the city proper in an east-west direction; Mabini Street, where two of the city's three universities are situated and the Circumferential Road that connects the downtown area to the Kapitan Pepe residential district.
Two bypass roads were constructed during the early 2000s to decongest the Maharlika Highway and to spur new developments outside the downtown area. The 11-koilmeter Felipe Vergara Highway provides a direct route to Cagayan Valley, while Emilio Vergara Highway links Santa Rosa - Fort Magsaysay Road to Nueva Ecija - Aurora Road.
Cabanatuan was served by the Manila Railroad Company way back in the 1900s through the Balagtas - Cabanatuan line and was later abandoned after the war when scavengers have looted pieces of the rail tracks. Rail service was later resumed in 1969 after the rehabilitation of the rail tracks as mandated by a government order, the service was again abandoned in the 1980s when the route didn't fare much to the commuters. The old Cabanatuan Railway Station is located at Barangay General Luna and is converted to a day care center with the original structure remaining.
Infrastructure improvements are ongoing with projects done by administration. All key intersections in the city are already signalized. Bicycle and tricycle lanes are currently being built while road widening of the Maharlika Highway from the present four lanes to eight lanes is on the drawing board. Road widening of all city and arterial roads from one/two-lane highway to three-lane highway is also being considered.
Bus Companies Going to Cabanatuan City
- Baliwag Transit and Golden Bee from Cubao/Caloocan
- Five Star Bus and Cisco from Cubao/Pasay
- ES Transport from Cubao
- Genesis Transport from San Fernando, Pampanga and baler, Aurora
- Arayat Express from San Fernando, Pampanga and Olongapo City
- [Aurora Bus] from Baler, Aurora
- [D'Liner] from Baler Aurora
- [Dingalan Bus] from Dingalan Aurora
- [Myra express] from Carmen Rosales/Dagupan
- [Summer Bloom] from Baguio City
Historical sites found in the city include:
- Camp Pangatian (Prisoner of War Memorial Shrine), began as a military training camp for twenty years until converted into a concentration camp for allied prisoners of war during the Japanese occupation. A popular tourist destination among war veterans by way of the WWII Veteran’s Homecoming Program. Camp Pangatian's liberation of World War II American prisoners of war held by the Japanese forces in January 1945 was the most successful rescue operation ever executed by the American military aided by the Filipino guerillas who were fighting the invaders. That tactical operation was immortalized in the movie The Great Raid.
- Gen. Antonio Luna Statue and Marker in Plaza Lucero, a statue of Philippine hero General Antonio Luna astride a horse stands at the plaza in front of the cathedral on the exact spot where the brave general was assassinated in 1899 in the city that adopted him subsequently.
- Old Provincial Capitol of Nueva Ecija located along Burgos Avenue, the old provincial capitol was designed by prominent American architect William E. Parsons who also designed government buildings in Manila, Cebu and Laguna during the American Colonial Period. The old edifice has since been renovated and expanded.
- Cabanatuan Rail Station in Barangay General Luna, built in the early 1900s as the terminus of the now abandoned Balagtas-Cabanatuan line. The building has since been converted into a barangay civic center and day care center, with the original structure preserved.
Education and Health
Cabanatuan is the province's educational center being home to 3 universities, more than 30 higher education institutions, 1 science high school, more than 50 public and private high schools, and more than 100 public and private primary schools. Notable institutions include Wesleyan University (Philippines), which is the largest and oldest private university in Nueva Ecija and the only internationally accredited school in Central Luzon and the first and only autonomous university in the province; Araullo University, owned by PHINMA and one of the most modern universities in the province; Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology, Nueva Ecija's state university with multiple campuses spread around the province; College of the Immaculate Conception also known as CI (Cabanatuan Institute in 1930s), the first Catholic College in Nueva Ecija ; Good Samaritan Colleges, College for Research & Technology of Cabanatuan, AMA Computer College, ABE International College, Nueva Ecija Colleges, M.V. Gallego Foundation Colleges, Midway Maritime Foundation,Honorato C. Perez Sr. Memorial Science High School, La Fortuna College and Dr. Gloria Lacson Foundation Colleges. The city is also home to a Catholic seminary, the Maria Assumpta Seminary.
Many hospitals can be found in the city, most are private and with modern facilities which made Cabanatuan City the center for medical operations and research in the province. Notable hospitals include Manuel V. Gallego Cabanatuan City General Hospital, Dr. Paulino J. Garcia Memorial Medical Research Center, a national research hospital and one of the largest hospitals in the region; Eduardo L. Joson Provincial Hospital,Private Hospitals such as Nueva Ecija Doctors Hospital, Good Samaritan General Hospital, Premiere Medical Center,one of the most advanced medical facility in Central Luzon, Immaculate Conception Medical Center, and the Wesleyan University General Hospital and Cardiovascular Center.
Notable people from Cabanatuan
- Willie Revillame is a television host, actor, comedian and a recording artist grew up in Cabanatuan.
- Paolo Ballesteros is a Filipino actor, TV host and model.He is also a mainstay host of Eat Bulaga
- Nestor de Villa was a Filipino actor frequently cast in musical films. He was a gifted dancer, often paired with frequent on-screen partner Nida Blanca in both movies and television. His dancing talent led some people to call him the "Fred Astaire of the Philippines"
- Heber Bartolome is a Filipino folk and folk rock singer, songwriter, composer, poet, guitarist, bandurria player, bluesman, and painter.
- Kathryn Bernardo is a Filipina actress, singer and dancer.She is best known for her role as Mara in the primetime Filipino drama, Mara Clara.
- Ruel S. Bayani is a Filipino film and television director, writer, producer,who is best known for directing movies like One More Try, and No Other Woman and co-directing television shows like Budoy, Kokey, Mula Sa Puso.
- John Paul Lizardo also known as Japoy Lizardo, is a Filipino taekwondo Asian Games bronze medalist, actor and commercial model.
- Yen Santos a filipina actress and dancer. Part of ABS-CBN's Star Magic. Had Appeared in Growing up.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- "An act creating the City of Cabanatuan". LawPH.com. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- "An Act to Create the Municipality of General Mamerto Natividad in the Province of Nueva Ecija". LawPH.com. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- "Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija, Philippines". 2009. Retrieved December 4, 2009.
- "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cabanatuan City.|
||Talavera / Gen. Mamerto Natividad||Palayan|