Cabbage Soup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Polish kapuśniak
Main ingredients
Stock (fish, mushroom, or pork fat), vegetables (sauerkraut/white cabbage)
Variations Shchi
Cookbook:Kapusniak  Kapusniak

Cabbage soup is a filling vegetable soup of sauerkraut and/or white cabbage(s).

Types of cabbage soup[edit]

There are different types of cabbage soup, prepared with different ingredients. Vegetarian cabbage soup uses mushroom stock and there is another variety using a fish stock. Traditional cabbage soup is prepared using a pork stock.

Cabbage soup in national cuisines[edit]

Cabbage soup is common in Polish, Slovak and Ukrainian cuisines under the name Kapusniak (Kapustnica in Slovakia).

A variety of the soup called щи (shchi) in Russian is common in Russia, too. Unlike the kapusniak, which must contain sauerkraut, shchi may use fresh cabbage, savoy cabbage, dock, spinach or nettle instead.

How to make a traditional kapusniak[edit]

Drain and chop sauerkraut, cover with water, add preferred parts of pork (chopped), pieces of kielbasa, a bit of salt and cook until the meat is almost tender (instead of meat, you can use a ready broth). Add cut in pieces potatoes and carrots, boil until they are cooked. Add tomato paste and spices to taste. Serve hot.

In some regions the soup is served with added flour and butter. A lean kapusniak is cooked with roots and fungi.

How to serve[edit]

Kapusniak is served hot, in some regions with sour cream and sprinkled with chopped parsley and dill.


In Ukraine kapusniak is served at weddings, wakes and funerals as a main dish. In Slovakia kapustnica is served for Christmas dinner.


Kapusniak is made of sauerkraut white cabbage which is very filling but stodgy. This vegetable is know to cause the flatulence and/or tympanites, therefore one can expect some winds after eating it (unless allergic to cabbage, it does not affect one's health).

See also[edit]

Film and Television[edit]

Louis de Funès was the protagonist of the French film "Cabbage Soup", La Soupe aux choux.

Kapusniak was mentioned in 2 Broke Girls when the Polish character played by Jennifer Coolidge was sad after she lost her money to a grifter.


  • Клиновецька З. Страви й напитки на Україніі — Київ — Львів 1913 р.—С.4
  • Кулинария, Государственное издательство торговой литературы — Москва 1959 г. — С.57
  • Українські страви. К.:Державне видавництво технічної літератури УРСР. 1961. 454 с.