Schwerin von Krosigk cabinet

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Schwerin von Krosigk Cabinet
30th Cabinet of Germany
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg
1945
JohannLudwigGrafSchwerinvonKrosigk26zl.jpg
Date formed 2 May 1945
Date dissolved 23 May 1945
People and organizations
Head of government Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk
Head of state Karl Dönitz
Member party Nazi Party
History
Previous Hitler Cabinet
Successor Allied Control Council (from June 5, 1945)
Cabinet Adenauer I (from September 20, 1949)

The Schwerin von Krosigk Cabinet formed the acting Flensburg Government of Nazi Germany after the suicide of Adolf Hitler on 30 April 1945 in Berlin.

Formation[edit]

Hitler, who had also assumed the office of head of state as Führer on 2 August 1934, in his political testament named Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz his successor as Reich President and Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels head of government as Reich Chancellor. While Goebbels also committed suicide in the Berlin Führerbunker on May 1, Dönitz accepted the office in a broadcast address. The remaining ministers of the Hitler cabinet, who had fled from the Battle of Berlin to Wehrmacht barracks near Plön in Holstein, officially resigned the next day.

Dönitz assigned Finance Minister Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk with the formation of a Reich government. His cabinet first met in Eutin on May 2; immediately afterwards, it had to proceed to the Mürwik naval academy in Flensburg in view of advancing British Second Army forces, capturing the nearby city of Lübeck on the same day.

Dönitz' main task was the initiation of the German Instrument of Surrender, signed by the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) on May 8/9. Within Allied-occupied Germany, the Schwerin von Krosigk cabinet officially resided at the Mürwik naval base until the arrest of its ministers on May 23. This government was never recognised by the Allied powers. By the Berlin Declaration of June 5, the supreme authority in the German Reich passed to the Allied Control Council.

Composition[edit]

Retaining some members from the previous Hitler cabinet, Schwerin von Krosigk's government consisted of the following people:

Cabinet of Schwerin von Krosigk
2 May 1945 – 23 May 1945
Office Incumbent Party
Leading Minister Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk None
Minister for Foreign Affairs Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk None
Minister of the Interior Wilhelm Stuckart NSDAP
Minister of Justice Otto Georg Thierack NSDAP
Minister of Finance Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk None
Minister for Economics Albert Speer NSDAP
Minister for Food and Agriculture Herbert Backe NSDAP
Minister for Labour Franz Seldte NSDAP
Minister of War President Karl Dönitz (as OKW Chief from May 1, 1945)[1] NSDAP
Minister of Transport Julius Heinrich Dorpmüller NSDAP
Minister for Postal Affairs Julius Heinrich Dorpmüller NSDAP
Minister for Armaments and War Production Albert Speer NSDAP

References[edit]