Cabinet of Burma

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The Cabinet of Burma is the executive body of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar led by the President.

Qualifications[edit]

The Constitution of Burma stipulates that Union Ministers must be a Burmese citizen who has been living in the country for at least 10 consecutive years:[1]

  1. persons who have attained the age of 40 years;
  2. persons who have qualifications, with the exception of the age limit, prescribed in Section 120 for Pyithu Hluttaw representatives;
  3. persons whose qualification does not breach the provisions under Section 121 which disqualify a person from standing for election as Pyithu Hluttaw representatives;
  4. persons loyal to the Union and its citizens

The Commander-in-Chief appoints the Ministers of Defence, Home Affairs and Border Affairs, selecting candidates from within the Defence Services (Tatmadaw), while the President appoints the remainder.[1]

The President also appoints the Deputy Ministers of the respective ministries, following the same qualifications as those of Union Ministers, with the exception of age (35 years, instead of 40).

Dismissal of Minister (June 2014)[edit]

San Sint was dismissed from the office of Minister of Religious Affair on 19 June 2014 and brought to court for corruption. He is the first Minister dismissed openly. He was succeed by Soe Win, Deputy Minister of Religious Affairs and former Director of Ministry of Information.[2]

Current Cabinet (February 2014)[edit]

Office Name
Minister of Agriculture & Irrigation Myint Hlaing, U.
Minister of Commerce Win Myint, U.
Minister of Communications and Information Technology Myat Hein, U.[3]
Minister of Construction Kyaw Lwin, U.
Minister of Cooperatives Kyaw Hsan, U.
Minister of Culture Aye Myint Kyu, U.
Minister of Defense Wai Lwin, Lt. Gen.
Minister of Education Khin San Yee, Dr.
Minister of Electric Power Khin Maung Soe, U.
Minister of Energy Zayar Aung, U.
Minister of Finance Win Shein, U.
Minister of Foreign Affairs Wunna Maung Lwin, U.
Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry Win Tun, U.
Minister of Health Pe Thet Khin, Dr.
Minister of Home Affairs Ko Ko, Lt. Gen.
Minister of Hotels and Tourism Htay Aung, U.
Minister of Immigration and Population Khin Yi, U.
Minister of Industry Maung Myint, U.
Minister of Information Aung Kyi, U.
Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security Aye Myint, U.
Minister of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development Ohn Myint, U.
Minister of Mines Myint Aung, Dr.
Minister of National Planning and Economic Development Kan Zaw, Dr.
Minister of Border Affairs Thet Naing Win, Lt. Gen.[4]
Minister of Rail Transport Than Htay, U.
Minister of Religious Affairs Soe Win, U.
Minister of Science and Technology Ko Ko Oo, Dr.
Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Myat Myat Ohn Khin, Dr.
Minister of Sports Tint Hsan, U.
Minister of Transport Nyan Tun Aung, U.
Minister of President Office Thein Nyunt, U.
Minister of President Office Soe Maung, U.
Minister of President Office Soe Thein, U.
Minister of President Office Aung Min, U.
Minister of President Office Hla Tun, U.
Minister of President Office Tin Naing Thein, U.
Union Auditor General Thein Htaik, U.
Union Attorney-General Tun Shin, Dr.

July 2013 reshuffle[edit]

On 25 July 2013 the cabinet was reshuffled. The changes were:

Office Name
Minister of Energy Zayar Aung, U.
Minister of Industry Maung Myint, U.
Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security Aye Myint, U.
Minister of Rail Transport Than Htay, U.

September 2012 to February 2013 reshuffle[edit]

On 4 September 2012, Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved the government’s reshuffle of ministries, increasing the number to 36, including six ministers located in the President’s Office. The President approved the resignation of Zaw Min, Union Minister for Electric Power-1, and Khin Maung Myint, Union Minister for Construction. The President also approved the resignation of Union Auditor-General Lun Maung on August 28. Thein Hteik, Union Minister for Mines, was appointed as Union Auditor-General, and Lt-Gen Wai Lwin of the Office of Commander-in-Chief (Army) as Union Defense Minister. Wai Lwin was replaced Lt-Gen Hla Min, who was reassigned to the military.[5] During the government's major cabinet reshuffle, nine ministers have been reassigned, mainly with four transferred to the President's Office and one, Aung Kyi, named as the new Minister for Information, replacing Kyaw Hsan, who was transferred to the Ministry of Cooperatives as minister. In the present reformation of the cabinet, Ministries of Electric Power No. 1 and 2 were combined into one as the Ministry of Electric Power, while the Ministry of Industrial Development was abolished.[6][7]

On 16 January 2013, Minister for Communications and Information Technology, Thein Tun and Minister for Religious Affairs, Thura Myint Maung abruptly resigned. Thein Tun was the first government minister known to have been investigated for corruption under the new government. San Sint, Speaker of Ayeyarwaddy Regional Hluttaw succeed Thura Myint Maung later. On 13 February 2013, former Commander-in-Chief of air force, General Myat Hein become minister for Communications and Information Technology.[3]

This appointments serve as a reminder that most ministers in the government are former officers who played a role in the previous military junta. Since taking office in 2011, the reformist president, who is himself a former general, has selected former senior military officers into government as it simply continues the flawed practices of past military rule, and given only a handful of posts to people without a military background.[8]

Office Name
Minister of Agriculture & Irrigation Myint Hlaing, U.
Minister of Commerce Win Myint, U.
Minister of Communications and Information Technology Myat Hein, U.[3]
Minister of Construction Kyaw Lwin, U.
Minister of Cooperatives Kyaw Hsan, U.
Minister of Culture Aye Myint Kyu, U.
Minister of Defense Wai Lwin, Lt. Gen.
Minister of Education Mya Aye, Dr.
Minister of Electric Power Khin Maung Soe, U.
Minister of Energy Than Htay, U.
Minister of Finance Win Shein, U.
Minister of Foreign Affairs Wunna Maung Lwin, U.
Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry Win Tun, U.
Minister of Health Pe Thet Khin, Dr.
Minister of Home Affairs Ko Ko, Lt. Gen.
Minister of Hotels and Tourism Htay Aung, U.
Minister of Immigration and Population Khin Yi, U.
Minister of Industry Aye Myint, U.
Minister of Information Aung Kyi, U.
Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security Maung Myint, U.
Minister of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development Ohn Myint, U.
Minister of Mines Myint Aung, Dr.
Minister of National Planning and Economic Development Kan Zaw, Dr.
Minister of Border Affairs Thet Naing Win, Lt. Gen.[4]
Minister of Rail Transport Zayar Aung, U.
Minister of Religious Affairs Hsan Sint, U.
Minister of Science and Technology Ko Ko Oo, Dr.
Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Myat Myat Ohn Khin, Dr.
Minister of Sports Tint Hsan, U.
Minister of Transport Nyan Tun Aung, U.
Minister of President Office Thein Nyunt, U.
Minister of President Office Soe Maung, U.
Minister of President Office Soe Thein, U.
Minister of President Office Aung Min, U.
Minister of President Office Hla Tun, U.
Minister of President Office Tin Naing Thein, U.
Union Auditor General Thein Htaik, U.
Union Attorney-General Tun Shin, Dr.

March 2011 Cabinet[edit]

The present-day Cabinet was sworn in on 30 March 2011 at the Hluttaw complex in Naypyidaw, after being appointed by President Thein Sein.[9] Four ministers, namely of the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Border Affairs were nominated by Commander-in-Chief Than Shwe.[10] Two ministries, the Ministry of the President’s Office and the Ministry of Industrial Development were created by the Hluttaw (Parliament) on 9 February 2011.[10]

The overwhelming majority of Ministers are Union Solidarity and Development Party members of parliament or military officers affiliated with the former State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), and four are civilians.[11] 12 have previously held ministerial posts, while another 7 have held deputy ministerial posts during the SPDC administration. 3 are former regional army commanders. On 10 August 2011, the cabinet was reshuffled, with Kyaw Swa Khaing, previously the Minister of Industry No. 1 (with Minister of Industry No. 2, Soe Thein, concurrently becoming head of the Ministry of Industry-1), appointed as co-Minister of the President's Office.[12]

Cabinet of the Government of Myanmar[13]
Ministry Minister Name Party Notes
Ministry of Home Affairs Ko Ko Military former SPDC Chief of the Bureau of Special Operations-3
Ministry of Defense Hla Min Military former SPDC Southern Command Commander
Ministry of Border Affairs Thein Htay Military former SPDC Deputy Minister of Defense, Vice-Chief of Ordinance, and Chief of Military Ordinance
Ministry of Industrial Development
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Wunna Maung Lwin Military former Ambassador to the United Nations (2007-2011)
Ministry of Information Kyaw Hsan Military former SPDC Minister of Information and Brigadier General
Ministry of Culture
Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Myint Hlaing USDP former SPDC Northeast Command Commander and Air Force Chief of Staff
Ministry of Commerce Wunnakyawhtin Win Myint USDP former President of Union of the Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry
Ministry of Construction Khin Maung Myint USDP former SPDC Minister of Electric Power-2, Minister of Construction and Major General
Ministry of Hotels and Tourism Tint Hsan USDP
Ministry of Sports
Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs Thein Tun USDP former SPDC Deputy Minister for Communications, Posts and Telegraphs and Major General
Ministry of Finance and Revenue Hla Tun USDP former SPDC Minister of Finance and Revenue and Major General
Ministry of Mines Thein Htaik USDP former Lieutenant General
Ministry of Transport Nyan Tun Aung USDP former SPDC Deputy Minister of Transport
Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development Tin Naing Thein USDP former SPDC Minister of Livestock and Fisheries and Brigadier General
Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries
Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry Win Tun Military former SPDC Minister of Forestry Director
Ministry of Labor Aung Kyi USDP former SPDC Minister of Labor
Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement
Ministry of Cooperatives Ohn Myint USDP former SPDC Bureau of Special Operations-6, Northern Command Commander and Lieutenant General
Ministry of Industry Soe Thein USDP former SPDC Minister of Industry-2 and Lieutenant-Genera
Ministry of Energy Than Htay USDP former SPDC Deputy Minister of Energy
Ministry of Rail Transportation Aung Min USDP former SPDC Minister of Rail Transportation
Ministry of Education Mya Aye - former rector of the University of Medicine, Mandalay
Ministry of Religious Affairs Myint Maung USDP former SPDC Minister of Religious Affairs
Ministry of Immigration and Population Khin Yi Military former SPDC Brigadier General, Chief of National Police, and SPDC Deputy Minister of Home Affairs
Ministry of Electric Power-1 Zaw Min USDP former SPDC Minister of Electric Power-1 and Colonel
Ministry of Electric Power-2 Khin Maung Soe - former Chairman of the Yangon City Electric Power Supply Board
Ministry of Science and Technology Aye Myint USDP former SPDC Minister of Sports, Deputy Minister of Defense, and Major General
Ministry of President’s Office Soe Maung
Thein Nyunt
Kyaw Swa Khaing
USDP
USDP
USDP
former Lieutenant General, Judge Advocate General, and Military Judge General
former SPDC Minister of Progress of Border Areas, National Races and Development Affairs and Mayor of Naypyidaw (2006-2011)
SPDC Deputy Minister of Industry-2 and General
Ministry of Health Pe Thet Khin - Former rector at University of Medicine 1, Yangon

May 2006 reshuffle[edit]

On 15 May 2006 the cabinet was reshuffled. The changes were:[14]

Ministry Changes
Culture Major-General Kyi Aung retired
Major-General Khin Aung Myint appointed
Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement and
Immigration and Population
Major-General Sein Htwa retired
Major-General Maung Maung Swe appointed
Hotels and Tourism Major-General Soe Naing appointed
Electric Power Major-General Tin Htut reassigned
Divided into two Ministries
Electric Power-1 Colonel Zaw Min appointed
Electric Power-2 Major-General Khin Maung Myint appointed
Cooperative Colonel Zaw Min reassigned
Major-General Tin Htut appointed

September 2002 reshuffle[edit]

On 14 September 2002 a minor cabinet reshuffle was reported:[15]

Ministry Changes
Information Major-General Kyi Aung reassigned
Brigadier-General Kyaw Hsan appointed
Culture Minister of Labor U Tin Win, concurrently Minister of Culture since November 2001, relieved
Major-General Kyi Aung appointed
Hotels and Tourism Major-General Saw Lwin dismissed
Minister of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs Brigadier-General Thein Zaw assigned concurrently
Prime Minister's Office Major-General Tin Ngwe dismissed

November 1997 Cabinet[edit]

On 15 November 1997 the State Peace and Development Council issued a proclamation naming the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers and Ministers in the government. They were:[16]

Office Minister
Prime Minister Senior General Than Shwe
Deputy Prime Minister Rear-Admiral Maung Maung Khin
Deputy Prime Minister Lieutenant General Tin Tun
Ministry of Defence Senior General Than Shwe
Ministry of Military Affairs Lieutenant General Tin Hla
Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Major General Nyunt Tin
Ministry of Industry-1 U Aung Thaung
Ministry of Industry-2 Major General Hla Myint Swe
Ministry of Foreign Affairs U Ohn Gyaw
Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development Brigadier General David Abel
Ministry of Transport Lieutenant General Tin Ngwe
Ministry of Labour Vice-Admiral Tin Aye
Ministry of Co-operatives U Than Aung
Ministry of Rail Transportation U Win Sein
Ministry of Energy U Khin Maung Thein
Ministry of Education U Pan Aung
Ministry of Health Major General Ket Sein
Ministry of Trade & Commerce Major General Kyaw Than
Ministry of Hotels & Tourism Major General Saw Lwin
Ministry of Communications, Posts & Telegraphs U Soe Tha
Ministry of Finance & Revenue Brigadier-General Win Tin
Ministry of Religious Affairs Major General Sein Htwa
Ministry of Construction Major General Saw Tun
Ministry of Science & Technology U Thaung
Ministry of Culture U Aung San
Ministry of Immigration & Population U Saw Tun
Ministry of Information Major General Kyi Aung
Ministry of Progress of Border Areas & National Races and Development Affairs Colonel Thein Nyunt
Ministry of Electric Power Major General Tin Htut
Ministry of Sports Brigadier-General Sein Win
Ministry of Forestry U Aung Phone
Ministry of Home Affairs Colonel Tin Hlaing
Ministry of Mines Brigadier-General Ohn Myint
Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief & Resettlement Brigadier-General Pyi Sone
Ministry of Livestock Breeding & Fisheries Brigadier-General Maung Maung Thein
Office of The Chairman of The State Peace and Development Council Lieutenant General Min Thein
Office of The Chairman of The State Peace and Development Council Brigadier-General Maung Maung
Office of The Prime Minister Brigadier-General Lun Maung
Office of The Prime Minister U Than Shwe
Office of The Prime Minister Major General Tin Ngwe

17 June 1995 reshuffle[edit]

On 17 June 1995 the cabinet was reshuffled, increasing the cabinet size and the number of military people with ministerial positions:[17]

Ministry Changes
Construction Khin Maung Yin reassigned to Deputy Prime Minister's office
Major-General Saw Tun assigned
Light industry Than Shwe reaasigned to Prime Minister's office
Major-General Kyaw Than assigned
Immigration and population New ministry: Lieutenant-General Maung Hla appointed
Information Brigadier-General Myo Thant reassigned to SLORC Chairman's office
Major-General Aye Kyaw assigned
Social welfare, relief and resettlement Major-General Soe Myin assigned
SLORC Chairman's office Lieutenant-General Min Thein assigned as a minister

The outgoing Minister of Social welfare, relief and resettlement was appointed Minister of Culture, and the Minister of Culture was reassigned to the security management committee.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2008)" full text in English from Burma Library, last accessed 5 October 2010
  2. ^ "MPs agree on religious affairs minister replacement". www.mmtimes.com. Ei Ei Toe Lwin. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Latt, Win Ko Ko (11 Feb 2013). "Air Force boss to take over telecoms". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  4. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  5. ^ [2][dead link]
  6. ^ "BBC News - Burma president announces cabinet reshuffle". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-08-27. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ Nyein, Nyein (14 February 2013). "Former Generals to Run Burma’s Telecoms, Border Affairs Ministries". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Wai Moe (29 March 2011). "Thein Sein and Cabinet Scheduled to be Sworn in on Wednesday". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Ahunt Phone Myat (9 February 2011). "Major government overhaul underway". Democratic Voice of Burma. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  11. ^ "Correction: Myanmar President Forms 30-member Cabinet". RTT News. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  12. ^ Thein Sein (10 August 2011). "Union Minister Reshuffled". New Light of Myanmar. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  13. ^ "REGIME WATCH > CABINET". Alternative Asean Network on Burma. 10 August 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  14. ^ "Myanmar makes first government cabinet reshuffle since move of capital". People's Daily. May 16, 2006. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  15. ^ "Myanmar reshuffles cabinet". Xinhua. 2002-09-14. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  16. ^ "The State Peace and Development Council Proclamation (Proclamation No. 2/97)". 15 November 1997. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  17. ^ "SLORC CABINET RESHUFFLES". SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST. 17 June 1995. Retrieved 2012-02-25.