Cabinet of Burma
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- persons who have attained the age of 40 years;
- persons who have qualifications, with the exception of the age limit, prescribed in Section 120 for Pyithu Hluttaw representatives;
- persons whose qualification does not breach the provisions under Section 121 which disqualify a person from standing for election as Pyithu Hluttaw representatives;
- persons loyal to the Union and its citizens
The Commander-in-Chief appoints the Ministers of Defence, Home Affairs and Border Affairs, selecting candidates from within the Defence Services (Tatmadaw), while the President appoints the remainder.
The President also appoints the Deputy Ministers of the respective ministries, following the same qualifications as those of Union Ministers, with the exception of age (35 years, instead of 40).
Dismissal of Minister (June 2014)
San Sint was dismissed from the office of Minister of Religious Affair on 19 June 2014 and brought to court for corruption. He is the first Minister dismissed openly. He was succeed by Soe Win, Deputy Minister of Religious Affairs and former Director of Ministry of Information.
Current Cabinet (February 2014)
July 2013 reshuffle
On 25 July 2013 the cabinet was reshuffled. The changes were:
|Minister of Energy||Zayar Aung, U.|
|Minister of Industry||Maung Myint, U.|
|Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security||Aye Myint, U.|
|Minister of Rail Transport||Than Htay, U.|
September 2012 to February 2013 reshuffle
On 4 September 2012, Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved the government’s reshuffle of ministries, increasing the number to 36, including six ministers located in the President’s Office. The President approved the resignation of Zaw Min, Union Minister for Electric Power-1, and Khin Maung Myint, Union Minister for Construction. The President also approved the resignation of Union Auditor-General Lun Maung on August 28. Thein Hteik, Union Minister for Mines, was appointed as Union Auditor-General, and Lt-Gen Wai Lwin of the Office of Commander-in-Chief (Army) as Union Defense Minister. Wai Lwin was replaced Lt-Gen Hla Min, who was reassigned to the military. During the government's major cabinet reshuffle, nine ministers have been reassigned, mainly with four transferred to the President's Office and one, Aung Kyi, named as the new Minister for Information, replacing Kyaw Hsan, who was transferred to the Ministry of Cooperatives as minister. In the present reformation of the cabinet, Ministries of Electric Power No. 1 and 2 were combined into one as the Ministry of Electric Power, while the Ministry of Industrial Development was abolished.
On 16 January 2013, Minister for Communications and Information Technology, Thein Tun and Minister for Religious Affairs, Thura Myint Maung abruptly resigned. Thein Tun was the first government minister known to have been investigated for corruption under the new government. San Sint, Speaker of Ayeyarwaddy Regional Hluttaw succeed Thura Myint Maung later. On 13 February 2013, former Commander-in-Chief of air force, General Myat Hein become minister for Communications and Information Technology.
This appointments serve as a reminder that most ministers in the government are former officers who played a role in the previous military junta. Since taking office in 2011, the reformist president, who is himself a former general, has selected former senior military officers into government as it simply continues the flawed practices of past military rule, and given only a handful of posts to people without a military background.
March 2011 Cabinet
The present-day Cabinet was sworn in on 30 March 2011 at the Hluttaw complex in Naypyidaw, after being appointed by President Thein Sein. Four ministers, namely of the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Border Affairs were nominated by Commander-in-Chief Than Shwe. Two ministries, the Ministry of the President’s Office and the Ministry of Industrial Development were created by the Hluttaw (Parliament) on 9 February 2011.
The overwhelming majority of Ministers are Union Solidarity and Development Party members of parliament or military officers affiliated with the former State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), and four are civilians. 12 have previously held ministerial posts, while another 7 have held deputy ministerial posts during the SPDC administration. 3 are former regional army commanders. On 10 August 2011, the cabinet was reshuffled, with Kyaw Swa Khaing, previously the Minister of Industry No. 1 (with Minister of Industry No. 2, Soe Thein, concurrently becoming head of the Ministry of Industry-1), appointed as co-Minister of the President's Office.
|Ministry of Home Affairs||Ko Ko||Military||former SPDC Chief of the Bureau of Special Operations-3|
|Ministry of Defense||Hla Min||Military||former SPDC Southern Command Commander|
|Ministry of Border Affairs||Thein Htay||Military||former SPDC Deputy Minister of Defense, Vice-Chief of Ordinance, and Chief of Military Ordinance|
|Ministry of Industrial Development|
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs||Wunna Maung Lwin||Military||former Ambassador to the United Nations (2007-2011)|
|Ministry of Information||Kyaw Hsan||Military||former SPDC Minister of Information and Brigadier General|
|Ministry of Culture|
|Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation||Myint Hlaing||USDP||former SPDC Northeast Command Commander and Air Force Chief of Staff|
|Ministry of Commerce||Wunnakyawhtin Win Myint||USDP||former President of Union of the Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry|
|Ministry of Construction||Khin Maung Myint||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Electric Power-2, Minister of Construction and Major General|
|Ministry of Hotels and Tourism||Tint Hsan||USDP|
|Ministry of Sports|
|Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs||Thein Tun||USDP||former SPDC Deputy Minister for Communications, Posts and Telegraphs and Major General|
|Ministry of Finance and Revenue||Hla Tun||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Finance and Revenue and Major General|
|Ministry of Mines||Thein Htaik||USDP||former Lieutenant General|
|Ministry of Transport||Nyan Tun Aung||USDP||former SPDC Deputy Minister of Transport|
|Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development||Tin Naing Thein||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Livestock and Fisheries and Brigadier General|
|Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries|
|Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry||Win Tun||Military||former SPDC Minister of Forestry Director|
|Ministry of Labor||Aung Kyi||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Labor|
|Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement|
|Ministry of Cooperatives||Ohn Myint||USDP||former SPDC Bureau of Special Operations-6, Northern Command Commander and Lieutenant General|
|Ministry of Industry||Soe Thein||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Industry-2 and Lieutenant-Genera|
|Ministry of Energy||Than Htay||USDP||former SPDC Deputy Minister of Energy|
|Ministry of Rail Transportation||Aung Min||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Rail Transportation|
|Ministry of Education||Mya Aye||-||former rector of the University of Medicine, Mandalay|
|Ministry of Religious Affairs||Myint Maung||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Religious Affairs|
|Ministry of Immigration and Population||Khin Yi||Military||former SPDC Brigadier General, Chief of National Police, and SPDC Deputy Minister of Home Affairs|
|Ministry of Electric Power-1||Zaw Min||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Electric Power-1 and Colonel|
|Ministry of Electric Power-2||Khin Maung Soe||-||former Chairman of the Yangon City Electric Power Supply Board|
|Ministry of Science and Technology||Aye Myint||USDP||former SPDC Minister of Sports, Deputy Minister of Defense, and Major General|
|Ministry of President’s Office||Soe Maung
Kyaw Swa Khaing
|former Lieutenant General, Judge Advocate General, and Military Judge General
former SPDC Minister of Progress of Border Areas, National Races and Development Affairs and Mayor of Naypyidaw (2006-2011)
SPDC Deputy Minister of Industry-2 and General
|Ministry of Health||Pe Thet Khin||-||Former rector at University of Medicine 1, Yangon|
May 2006 reshuffle
On 15 May 2006 the cabinet was reshuffled. The changes were:
|Culture||Major-General Kyi Aung retired
Major-General Khin Aung Myint appointed
|Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement and
Immigration and Population
|Major-General Sein Htwa retired
Major-General Maung Maung Swe appointed
|Hotels and Tourism||Major-General Soe Naing appointed|
|Electric Power||Major-General Tin Htut reassigned
Divided into two Ministries
|Electric Power-1||Colonel Zaw Min appointed|
|Electric Power-2||Major-General Khin Maung Myint appointed|
|Cooperative||Colonel Zaw Min reassigned
Major-General Tin Htut appointed
September 2002 reshuffle
On 14 September 2002 a minor cabinet reshuffle was reported:
|Information||Major-General Kyi Aung reassigned
Brigadier-General Kyaw Hsan appointed
|Culture||Minister of Labor U Tin Win, concurrently Minister of Culture since November 2001, relieved
Major-General Kyi Aung appointed
|Hotels and Tourism||Major-General Saw Lwin dismissed
Minister of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs Brigadier-General Thein Zaw assigned concurrently
|Prime Minister's Office||Major-General Tin Ngwe dismissed|
November 1997 Cabinet
|Prime Minister||Senior General Than Shwe|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Rear-Admiral Maung Maung Khin|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Lieutenant General Tin Tun|
|Ministry of Defence||Senior General Than Shwe|
|Ministry of Military Affairs||Lieutenant General Tin Hla|
|Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation||Major General Nyunt Tin|
|Ministry of Industry-1||U Aung Thaung|
|Ministry of Industry-2||Major General Hla Myint Swe|
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs||U Ohn Gyaw|
|Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development||Brigadier General David Abel|
|Ministry of Transport||Lieutenant General Tin Ngwe|
|Ministry of Labour||Vice-Admiral Tin Aye|
|Ministry of Co-operatives||U Than Aung|
|Ministry of Rail Transportation||U Win Sein|
|Ministry of Energy||U Khin Maung Thein|
|Ministry of Education||U Pan Aung|
|Ministry of Health||Major General Ket Sein|
|Ministry of Trade & Commerce||Major General Kyaw Than|
|Ministry of Hotels & Tourism||Major General Saw Lwin|
|Ministry of Communications, Posts & Telegraphs||U Soe Tha|
|Ministry of Finance & Revenue||Brigadier-General Win Tin|
|Ministry of Religious Affairs||Major General Sein Htwa|
|Ministry of Construction||Major General Saw Tun|
|Ministry of Science & Technology||U Thaung|
|Ministry of Culture||U Aung San|
|Ministry of Immigration & Population||U Saw Tun|
|Ministry of Information||Major General Kyi Aung|
|Ministry of Progress of Border Areas & National Races and Development Affairs||Colonel Thein Nyunt|
|Ministry of Electric Power||Major General Tin Htut|
|Ministry of Sports||Brigadier-General Sein Win|
|Ministry of Forestry||U Aung Phone|
|Ministry of Home Affairs||Colonel Tin Hlaing|
|Ministry of Mines||Brigadier-General Ohn Myint|
|Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief & Resettlement||Brigadier-General Pyi Sone|
|Ministry of Livestock Breeding & Fisheries||Brigadier-General Maung Maung Thein|
|Office of The Chairman of The State Peace and Development Council||Lieutenant General Min Thein|
|Office of The Chairman of The State Peace and Development Council||Brigadier-General Maung Maung|
|Office of The Prime Minister||Brigadier-General Lun Maung|
|Office of The Prime Minister||U Than Shwe|
|Office of The Prime Minister||Major General Tin Ngwe|
17 June 1995 reshuffle
On 17 June 1995 the cabinet was reshuffled, increasing the cabinet size and the number of military people with ministerial positions:
|Construction||Khin Maung Yin reassigned to Deputy Prime Minister's office
Major-General Saw Tun assigned
|Light industry||Than Shwe reaasigned to Prime Minister's office
Major-General Kyaw Than assigned
|Immigration and population||New ministry: Lieutenant-General Maung Hla appointed|
|Information||Brigadier-General Myo Thant reassigned to SLORC Chairman's office
Major-General Aye Kyaw assigned
|Social welfare, relief and resettlement||Major-General Soe Myin assigned|
|SLORC Chairman's office||Lieutenant-General Min Thein assigned as a minister|
The outgoing Minister of Social welfare, relief and resettlement was appointed Minister of Culture, and the Minister of Culture was reassigned to the security management committee.
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