Cabinet of Egypt
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Politics and government of
The government has a leading role in shaping the agenda of the houses of Parliament. It may propose laws to Parliament, as well as amendments during parliamentary meetings. It may make use of some procedures to speed up parliamentary deliberations.
The government is responsible only to Parliament, specifically the People’s Assembly.
The People’s Assembly may pass a motion of censure, forcing the resignation of the cabinet. Ministers have to answer questions from Members of Parliament, both written and oral; this is known as Inquiries to the Government Talebat Ihata.
In addition, ministers attend meetings of the two houses of Parliament when laws pertaining to their areas of responsibility are being discussed.
The details of the cabinet's organisation are set down in articles 153 to 160 of the constitution. Article 155 states that the members of the cabinet have to be sworn in when taking office.
The Cabinet shall exercise in particular the following functions:
- Laying down the general policy of the State in collaboration with the President of the Republic and controlling its implementation in accordance with the laws and republican decrees.
- Directing, co-ordinating and following up the work of the ministries and their different administrations as well as public organizations and institutions.
- Issuing administrative and executive decisions in accordance with the laws and decrees and supervising their implementation.
- Preparing draft laws and decrees.
- Preparing the draft of the general budget of the State.
- Preparing the draft of the State’s overall plan.
- Contracting and granting loans in accordance with the rules of the Constitution.
- Supervising the implementation of law, maintaining State security and protecting the rights of the citizens and the interests of the State.
Ministerial seniority and rank 
Traditionally, the cabinet comprises, in decreasing rank:
- The Prime Minister, Head of the Egyptian government.
- Ministers, Full Cabinet members. Currently there are 24 full ministers in this government.
- Ministers of State, described as ‘junior ministers’, are assigned specific responsibilities or agencies. The portfolios of ministers of state are considerably more transient, as positions may be created and dissolved to suit specific short-term government priorities or the specific qualifications of candidates without alterations to the departmental structure, e.g. the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs.
- Ministers without portfolio, ministers who do not head specific departments and occasionally attend cabinet meetings, e.g. former Minister without portfolio Omar Suleiman, the former Vice President of Egypt.
- Chairmen of Departments, who head certain important departments that do not fall under the jurisdiction of any of the ministers and answer directly to the Prime Minister, e.g. The Chairman of the Suez Canal Authority.
- Ministers-Delegate, who assist ministers in areas of their duties and rarely attend cabinet meeting.
Ministerial criteria 
The following eligibility conditions must be met constitutionally by all ministers.
- At least 30 years old natural-born Egyptian citizen, enjoying full civil and political rights.
- A minister may not work in any independent work, commercial, financial or industrial while in office.
Recent history 
The interim cabinet of Essam Sharaf was sworn in on Monday 7 March 2011 by Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, head of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces & Minister of Defense. In July 2011, Sharaf fired several ministers although the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (Scaf) said he didn't have that power. On 21 November 2011, the entire Cabinet offered to resign in the face of the second wave of protests. On 24 November 2011, Egypt's military rulers appointed former prime minister Kamal Ganzouri to form a new government. His government resigned on 26 June 2012 after the election of Mohamed Morsi as President of Egypt to make way for the new government.
Qandil's Cabinet 
Referenced by Qandil Cabinet
The first cabinet of Egyptian Prime Minister Hesham Qandil was presented on 2 August 2012. Qandil was appointed by president Mohamed Morsi, after the resignation of military-named premier Kamal Ganzouri. The cabinet consists of 35 ministers. The composition of the government is formed by technocrats, the Islamist Freedom and Justice Party, moderate Al-Wasat Party and the Salafist Renaissance Party.
On 5 January 2013, several cabinet ministers were replaced in a cabinet reshuffle.
|Prime Minister||Hesham Qandil||Independent|
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs||Mohamed Kamel Amr||Independent|
|Ministry of Interior||Mohamed Ibrahim||Police|
|Ministry of Defence and Military Production||Colonel General Abdul Fatah Khalil Al-Sisi||Military|
|Ministry of State for Military Production||Lieutenant General Reda Mahmoud Hafez||Military|
|Ministry of Finance||Morsi El Sayed Hegazy||Independent|
|Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs||Nagwa Khalil||Independent|
|Ministry of Scientific Research||Nadia Zakhary||Independent|
|Ministry of State for Antiquities Affairs||Mohamed Said||Independent|
|Ministry of State Environment Affairs||Khaled Fahmy Abdel-Aal||Independent|
|Ministry of State for Local Development||Mohammed Ali Beshr||FJP|
|Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation Facilities||Abdel Khalifa||Independent|
|Ministry of Culture||Mohamed Arab||Independent|
|Ministry of Justice||Ahmed Mekki||Independent|
|Ministry of Investment||Osama Saleh||Independent|
|Ministry of Education||Ibrahim Deif||Independent|
|Ministry of Electricity and Energy||Engineer Ahmed Imam||Independent|
|Minister of State for Legal Affairs and Parliamentary Councils||Omar Salem||Independent|
|Ministry of Transportation||Hatem Abdel Latif||FJP|
|Ministry of Tourism||Hisham Zazou||Independent|
|Ministry of Agriculture and Lands Cultivation||Salah Abdel Moamen||Independent|
|Ministry of Communications and Information Technology||Atef Helmi||Independent|
|Ministry of Petroleum and Metallurgical Wealth||Osama Kamal||Independent|
|Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation||Mohamed Saad||Independent|
|Ministry of Housing & Urban Development||Tarek Mohamed||Independent|
|Ministry of Higher Education||Mostafa Mussad||FJP|
|Ministry of Supply and Interior Trade||Bassem Ouda||FJP|
|Ministry of Manpower and Immigration||Khaled Azhari||Independent|
|Ministry of Religious Endowment||Talaat Afifi||Independent|
|Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation||Ashraf Fatah||Independent|
|Ministry of Health and Housing||Mohamed Hamed||Independent|
|Ministry of Media||Salah Abdel Maqsoud||Independent|
|Ministry of Civil Aviation||Wael El-Maadawi||Independent|
|Ministry of Industry and Trade||Hatem Saleh||Independent|
|Ministry of State for Youth||Osama Yassin||Independent|
|Ministry of State for Sports||El Amry Farouk||Independent|
|Suez Canal Authority||Vice Admiral Mohab Mamish||Military|
See also 
- Field Marshall Tantawi swears in interim cabinet, Al-Masry Al-Youm, 7 March 2011
- Egypt's prime minister reshuffles cabinet in response to protests, Jack Shenker, 'The Guardian, 17 July 2011
- Egypt’s Civilian Government Submits Offer to Resign, David D. Kirkpatrick and Liam Stack, The New York Times, 21 November 2011
- Egypt military 'appoint Kamal Ganzouri as new PM', BBC News, 24 November 2011
- Luiz Sanchez; Ahmed Aboul Enein (2 August 2012). "Qandil cabinet presents final list of nominees to be sworn in". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- "Egypt PM Qandil makes some surprise, controversial ministerial choices". Ahram Online. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- "Egypt's cabinet reshuffle to see new interior, finance ministers". Ahram Online. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- Cabinet.gov.eg official site
- Current ministers as of 8 March 2011
- New Egyptian cabinet takes oath of office, BBC News, 7 March 2011