Cabinet of Malaysia

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The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of Malaysia's government. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister, he is obliged to follow.[1] The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43 enables a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to be one even when he or she is appointed as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office.

Cabinet appointments[edit]

By convention, members of the Cabinet are typically appointed from the lower house of Parliament, the Dewan Rakyat. Although Deputy Ministers and/or Parliamentary Secretaries may be appointed to each portfolio, they are not included in the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets weekly, every Wednesday.[2] After the position of Parliamentary Secretary was removed and partial live telecasts of Parliament proceedings began in 2008, Cabinet meetings were moved to Fridays whenever Parliament sat, so as to allow Ministers to personally answer questions during Question Time in Parliament.[3]

Cabinet composition[edit]

The composition of the Cabinet, and the number of portfolios depends mainly on the wishes of the Prime Minister at the time. However, the post of Finance Minister was considered so important as to be a necessity, and as a result was incorporated by the Minister of Finance (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Act 375).[4] The position of Deputy Prime Minister is one that exists by convention, and as a result a Prime Minister could theoretically form a Cabinet without a Deputy.[5]

Deputy ministers exist for each portfolio, although they are not considered members of the Cabinet. The position of Deputy Minister was created by constitutional amendment in 1960. The office of parliamentary secretary for each ministry exists but none were appointed after the 2008 Malaysian general election. Parliamentary secretaries were provided for by an amendment in 1963. Deputy ministers and parliamentary secretaries are also appointed from members of Parliament, and deputise for the ministers in government ministries and in Parliament respectively. An additional office, that of the Political Secretary, exists. Political Secretaries need not be members of Parliament. Before taking office, all members of the Cabinet, Deputy Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries, and Political Secretaries take an oath of secrecy concerning the proceedings of the Cabinet. (See also Official Secrets Act (Malaysia).)[5]

Current cabinet[edit]

The Barisan Nasional party won the general election to the 13th Malaysian Parliament on 5 May 2013, and formed the government. A new Cabinet was announced by Prime Minister Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak on 15 May 2013.[6] The ministers and deputy ministers were then sworn in before King Abdul Halim on the following day.[7]

On 25 June 2014, Prime Minister Najib Razak announced a cabinet reshuffle,[8] promoting some of ethnic Chinese groups leaders into the cabinet.

Full members[edit]

Portfolio Office Bearer Party
Prime Minister
Deputy Prime Minister
Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak
Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin
UMNO
UMNO
Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department Major General (R) Jamil Khir Baharom
Senator Abdul Wahid Omar[9]
Senator Idris Jala
Joseph Kurup
Shahidan Kassim
Nancy Shukri
Joseph Entulu Belaun
Senator Paul Low Seng Kuan
Mah Siew Keong[10]
Dr. Wee Ka Siong[10]
UMNO
Independent
Independent
Independent
PBRS
UMNO
PBB
PRS
GERAKAN
MCA
Ministers of Finance Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak
Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah
UMNO
UMNO
Ministers of Education Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin
Idris Jusoh
UMNO
UMNO
Minister of Transport Liow Tiong Lai[10] MCA
Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Douglas Uggah Embas PBB
Minister of Home Affairs Ahmad Zahid Hamidi UMNO
Ministry of Communication and Multimedia Ahmad Shabery Cheek UMNO
Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water Dr. Maximus Johnity Ongkili PBS
Minister of Rural and Regional Development Mohd. Shafie Apdal UMNO
Minister of International Trade and Industry Mustapa Mohamed UMNO
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Dr. Ewon Ebin UPKO
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Palanivel Govindasamy MIC
Minister of Tourism and Culture Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz UMNO
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Ismail Sabri Yaakob UMNO
Minister of Defence Hishammuddin Hussein UMNO
Minister of Works Fadillah Yusof PBB
Minister of Health Dr. Subramaniam Sathasivam MIC
Minister of Youth and Sports Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar UMNO
Minister of Human Resources Richard Riot Jaem SUPP
Minister of Domestic Trade, Co-operatives and Consumerism Hasan Malek UMNO
Minister of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Abdul Rahman Dahlan UMNO
Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Rohani Abdul Karim PBB
Minister of Foreign Affairs Anifah Aman UMNO
Minister of the Federal Territories Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor UMNO

Also attending[edit]

Portfolio Office Bearer Party
Cabinet Secretary
Assistant Cabinet Secretary
Dr. Ali Hamsa
Mazidah Abdul Majid
Independent
Independent

Deputy ministers[edit]

Portfolio Office Bearer Party
Deputy Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department Razali Ibrahim UMNO
Deputy Minister of Finance Ahmad Maslan
Chua Tee Yong
UMNO
MCA
Deputy Ministers of Education Mary Yap Kain Ching
Kamalanathan Panchananthan
PBS
MIC
Deputy Minister of Transport Abdul Aziz Kaprawi UMNO
Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Noriah Kasnon UMNO
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Dr. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar PBB
Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia Jailani Johari UMNO
Deputy Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water Mahdzir Khalid UMNO
Deputy Minister of Rural and Regional Development Alexander Nanta Linggi PBB
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry Ir. Hamim Samuri
Lee Chee Leong
UMNO
MCA
Deputy Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Dr. Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah UMNO
Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Dr. James Dawos Mamit PBB
Deputy Minister of Tourism and Culture Joseph Salang Gandum PRS
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Tajuddin Abdul Rahman UMNO
Deputy Minister of Defence Abdul Rahim Bakri UMNO
Deputy Minister of Works Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin UMNO
Deputy Minister of Health Dr. Hilmi Yahaya UMNO
Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports Saravanan Murugan MIC
Deputy Minister of Human Resources Ismail Abdul Muttalib UMNO
Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade, Co-operatives and Consumerism Senator Ahmad Bashah Md. Hanipah, MLA (Kedah) UMNO
Deputy Minister of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Halimah Mohamed Sadique UMNO
Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Azizah Mohd. Dun
Senator Chew Mei Fun
UMNO
MCA
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Hamzah Zainuddin UMNO
Deputy Minister of the Federal Territories Senator Dr. Loga Bala Mohan Jaganathan PPP

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hj. Mohd Jali, Nazaruddin, Redzuan, Ma'arof, Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi & Hj. Mohd Rashid, Ismail (2003). Malaysian Studies: Nationhood and Citizenship, p. 73. Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-2473-91-8.
  2. ^ Funston, John (2001). "Malaysia: Developmental State Challenged". In John Funston (Ed.), Government and Politics in Southeast Asia, pp. 173–175. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  3. ^ "Cabinet now to meet Fridays for ministers to attend parliament". The Malaysian Insider. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008. 
  4. ^ Wu, Min Aun & Hickling, R. H. (2003). Hickling's Malaysian Public Law, pp. 84–85. Petaling Jaya: Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-74-2518-0.
  5. ^ a b Wu & Hickling, p. 86.
  6. ^ "Barisan Kabinet Kerajaan Malaysia 2013". Official Website of Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia (in Malay). Prime Minister's Department, Malaysia. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  7. ^ New Cabinet today, oath tomorrow
  8. ^ http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/mca-gerakan-return-to-cabinet-after-minor-reshuffle
  9. ^ His appointment as the Minister is valid upon his admission to the Senate on 5 June 2013.
  10. ^ a b c "Tiong Lai, Siew Kiong dan Ka Siong dilantik menteri penuh - Najib". Berita Harian. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 

External links[edit]