As the chief formulator of the nation's public policy under the Slovak Constitution, the Government has the authority to make major policy on the matters of national economy and social security. Acting in the best interests of the nation, it is responsible for meeting the Government programme objectives within the scope of the adopted national budget. The main functions of the Government also include making proposals on the state budget, preparing the annual closing balance sheet, and issue government regulations and decrees under power given to it by law. One of the Government's duties is the formulation and management of the nation's foreign policy. It submits draft Bills to the National Council (the Slovak parliament), which are frequently preceded by nationwide discussions and consultations with the relevant organizations. As established by law, the Government can discuss in its proceedings a confidence vote motion, cases of pardoning criminal offenders, and appointment or removal from office of senior civil servants.
The Cabinet is made up of the Prime Minister, presiding over it, his or her Deputies and Government Ministers. The Cabinet is appointed by the President of the Slovak Republic on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. For its policy and administration the members of the Cabinet are responsible to the National Council (the Slovak parliament).