Caddo County, Oklahoma

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"Caddo County" redirects here. For the parish in Louisiana, see Caddo Parish, Louisiana.
Caddo County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Caddo County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded August 6, 1901[1]
Named for Caddo Tribe
Seat Anadarko
Area
 • Total 1,290 sq mi (3,342 km2)
 • Land 1,278 sq mi (3,311 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 0.93%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 29,678
 • Density 23/sq mi (8.8/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Caddo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,600.[2] Its county seat is Anadarko.[3] Created in 1901 as part of Oklahoma Territory, it is named for the Caddo tribe who were settled here on a reservation in the 1870s. Caddo County is immediately west of the seven-county Greater Oklahoma City metro area, and although is not officially in the metro area, it has many economic ties in this region.

History[edit]

Caddo County was organized on August 6, 1901, when the Federal Government allotted the Kiowa, Comanche and Arapaho reservations and sold the surplus land to white settlers. The reservation land was part of Oklahoma Territory until Oklahoma became a state on November 16, 1907. Part of its land was taken at statehood to form neighboring Grady County. Some additional land was taken in 1911 and also awarded to Grady County.[1]

Agriculture has been the mainstay of the local economy since its founding. The main crops were cotton, corn, wheat, alfalfa, broom corn, and kaffir corn. Poultry and livestock production have also been important. By 1960, Caddo County ranked first in Oklahoma for producing of peanuts, hogs and poultry.[1]

The first oil field (Cement Field) in the county was discovered in 1911, and oil production has remained important to the county economy since then. Smaller-scale booms in oil production occurred in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,290 square miles (3,341 km2), of which 1,278 square miles (3,310 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.93%) is water.[4] The county mostly lies in the Gypsum Hills and the Red Bed plains physiographic areas. The extreme southwestern corner is in the Wichita Mountains. The county is drained by the Washita River and Pond and Sugar Creeks. Major reservoirs are Chickasha Lake, Ellsworth Lake, and Fort Cobb Lake,[1] Red Rock Canyon State Park near Hinton is notable for having the only remaining stand of native Caddo maple trees.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 35,685
1920 34,207 −4.1%
1930 50,779 48.4%
1940 41,567 −18.1%
1950 34,913 −16.0%
1960 28,621 −18.0%
1970 28,931 1.1%
1980 30,905 6.8%
1990 29,550 −4.4%
2000 30,150 2.0%
2010 29,600 −1.8%
Est. 2012 29,678 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid for Caddo County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.
Redstone Baptist Church, north of the Apache Wye, Caddo County, Kiowa mission founded in the 19th century.

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 30,150 people, 10,957 households, and 7,965 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (24/sq mi). There were 13,096 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 65.55% White, 2.92% Black or African American, 24.28% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.70% from other races, and 4.36% from two or more races. 6.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 93.8% English, 4.5% Spanish and 1.2% Kiowa as their first language.

There were 10,957 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,347, and the median income for a family was $32,118. Males had a median income of $26,373 versus $18,658 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,298. About 16.70% of families and 21.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[7]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 9,347 68.29%
  Republican 3,183 23.26%
  Unaffiliated 1,157 8.45%
Total 13,687 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[8]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 65.33% 6,413 34.67% 3,404
2004 62.37% 6,491 34.01% 3,916
2000 52.50% 4,835 46.38% 4,272

Agriculture[edit]

Caddo County is home to cattle ranching and significant wheat and peanut farm operations -- with the majority of producers practicing environmentally friendly no-till or reduced tillage farming methods.[9]

There is also one winery and vineyard in the county (Woods and Waters Winery and Vineyard).

Communities[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Caddo County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Wilson, Linda D. "Caddo County - Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture". Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  8. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  9. ^ Reducefarmcosts.com

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°11′N 98°23′W / 35.18°N 98.38°W / 35.18; -98.38