Caddo Parish, Louisiana

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Caddo Parish, Louisiana
Upper tier of Caddo Parish Courthouse, Shreveport.jpg
Upper tier of Caddo Parish Courthouse, Shreveport
Flag of Caddo Parish, Louisiana
Flag
Seal of Caddo Parish, Louisiana
Seal
Map of Louisiana highlighting Caddo Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded January 18, 1838
Named for Caddo Native Americans
Seat Shreveport
Largest city Shreveport
Area
 • Total 937 sq mi (2,427 km2)
 • Land 879 sq mi (2,277 km2)
 • Water 58 sq mi (150 km2), 6.2%
Population
 • (2010) 254,969
 • Density 290/sq mi (112/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.caddo.org
Confederate memorial on the grounds of the Caddo Parish Courthouse
The Shreve Memorial Library in Shreveport located downtown in the former US post office and courthouse
This bridge atop the Red River links Bossier and Caddo parishes just east of Hosston.

Caddo Parish (French: Paroisse de Caddo) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 254,969,[1] making it the fourth-most populous parish in Louisiana. The parish seat is Shreveport.[2]

Caddo County is included in the ShreveportBossier City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1838, Caddo Parish was carved from Natchitoches Parish; the legislature named it for the indigenous Caddo Indians.

Law and government[edit]

As county seat, Shreveport is the site of the parish courthouse. Caddo Parish comprises the 1st Judicial District. Located downtown on Texas Street, the courthouse contains both civil and criminal courts. The current elected judges are Leon L. Emanuel, John Mosely, Jr. (when elected as judge in 1995 he was 34, the youngest person ever elected to the First Judicial Court),[3] Jeanette Garrett, Ramona Emanuel, John Joyce, Roy L. Brun, Scott Crichton, Fred Sexton, Monty M. Wyche (senior judge, died 2014), Robert P. "Bobby" Waddell, and Michael Pitman. The Clerk of Court is Gary Loftin.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 937 square miles (2,430 km2), of which 978 square miles (2,530 km2) is land and 58 square miles (150 km2) (6.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties and parishes[edit]

Caddo Parish borders nine parishes, more than any other parish in Louisiana. As such it is one of the few counties or parishes to border at least eight counties or parishes.

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,282
1850 8,884 68.2%
1860 12,140 36.7%
1870 21,714 78.9%
1880 26,296 21.1%
1890 31,555 20.0%
1900 44,499 41.0%
1910 58,200 30.8%
1920 83,265 43.1%
1930 124,670 49.7%
1940 150,203 20.5%
1950 176,547 17.5%
1960 223,859 26.8%
1970 230,184 2.8%
1980 252,358 9.6%
1990 248,253 −1.6%
2000 252,161 1.6%
2010 254,969 1.1%
Est. 2013 254,887 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census of 2010, there were 254,969 people, 119,502 households, and 68,900 families residing in the parish. According to 2012 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, Caddo Parish population was 257,093. The population density was 286 people per square mile (110/km²). There were 108,296 housing units at an average density of 123 per square mile (47/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 54.1% White, 35.0% Black or African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. 5.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 119,502 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.20% were married couples living together, 19.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the parish the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.90 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $31,467, and the median income for a family was $38,872. Males had a median income of $31,664 versus $22,074 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $17,839. About 17.10% of families and 21.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.80% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Although Republican John McCain carried the state of Louisiana overall, he did not carry Caddo Parish. Democrat Barack Obama won 51% of the vote and 55,536 votes. John McCain trailed with 48% and 52,228 votes. Other candidates received about 1% of the vote. In the U.S. Senate election, Democrat Mary Landrieu, who survived a hard challenge from Republican John Kennedy, received 58% of the vote in Caddo Parish and 60,558 votes. John Kennedy won 40% of the vote and 41,348 votes. Other candidates received 2% of the vote. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush won Caddo Parish. He received 51% of the vote and 54,292 votes. Democrat John F. Kerry received 48% of the vote and 51,739 votes.[9]

Presidential elections results[10]
Year Democrats Republicans
2012 51.9% 58,042 46.9% 52,459
2008 51.1% 55,536 48.1% 52,228
2004 48.5% 51,739 50.9% 54,292
2000 49.7% 47,530 48.9% 46,807
1996 55.9% 55,543 38.7% 38,445
1992 46.5% 47,733 41.5% 42,665
1988 41.5% 39,204 57.7% 54,498

Education[edit]

The Caddo Parish School Board operates public schools.

Correction center[edit]

The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operated the Forcht-Wade Correctional Center in Keithville, an unincorporated section of Caddo Parish.[11] It closed in July 2012.[12]

National Guard[edit]

The 2nd Squadron of the 108th Cavalry Regiment (formerly 1-156 Armor Battalion until September 2006) is headquartered in Shreveport at the intersection of Stoner Avenue and Youree Drive. Since the Civil War, this armory has been known by locals as "Fort Humbug"; Shreveport served as the state capital after Union forces had seized Baton Rouge. This site was designated as "Fort Turnball" by the Daughters of the Confederacy in 1920 and served as a mobilization site during WWII. This unit has served two tours of duty in Iraq (2004-05 & 2010) as part of the 256th Infantry Brigade of the Louisiana National Guard.

Communities[edit]

Map of Caddo Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Judge John Mosely, Jr.", Louisiana Judicial Council, 2013
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Louisiana Secretary of State
  11. ^ "Forcht-Wade Corr. Center." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  12. ^ "Forcht-Wade Correctional Center." (Archive) Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. Retrieved on October 23, 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°35′N 93°53′W / 32.58°N 93.88°W / 32.58; -93.88