Cadence Design Systems
|Industry||Software & Programming|
|Headquarters||San Jose, California, USA|
|Key people||Lip-Bu Tan, President/CEO|
|Revenue||1.46 billion USD (2013)|
|Net income||$164 million USD (2013)|
Cadence Design Systems, Inc (NASDAQ: CDNS) is an American electronic design automation (EDA) software and engineering services company, founded in 1988 by the merger of SDA Systems and ECAD, Inc. The company produces software and hardware for designing integrated circuits, systems on chip (or, SoCs) and printed circuit boards.
Cadence, headquartered in San Jose, California, is a supplier of electronic design technologies and engineering services in the electronic design automation (EDA) industry. The company develops software used to design chips and printed circuit boards, as well as intellectual properties (IP) covering a broad range of areas, including interfaces, memory, analog, SoC peripherals, dataplane processing units, and verification.
At the end of 2013, the company employed more than 5,200 people and reported 2013 revenues of approximately $1.46 billion. In November 2007 Cadence was named one of the "50 Best Places to Work in Silicon Valley" by San Jose Magazine.
In January 2009 the company announced the appointment of Lip-Bu Tan as President and CEO. Tan was most recently CEO of Walden International, a venture capital firm, and remains chairman of the firm. He has served on the Cadence Board of Directors since 2004, where he served on the Technology Committee for four years.
As silicon capacity continues to grow, design engineers continue to face increasing design complexity, not to mention short design cycles. Cadence's approach to helping design engineers meet their challenges, and supporting them in their application-driven design approach, is to provide solutions that help them optimize their designs from a variety of standpoints. There are solutions used to move a design into packaged silicon, with products for custom and analog design, digital design, mixed-signal design, verification, and package and PCB design. To help integrate, verify, and implement complex digital SoCs, there are solutions that encompass design IP, timing analysis and signoff, services, and tools and methodologies. The company also provides products that assist with the development of complete hardware and software platforms that support end applications.
Cadence's product offerings are targeted at various types of design and verification tasks which include:
- Virtuoso Platform - Tools for designing full-custom integrated circuits; includes schematic entry, behavioral modeling (Verilog-AMS), circuit simulation, custom layout, physical verification, extraction and back-annotation. Used mainly for analog, mixed-signal, RF, and standard-cell designs, but also memory and FPGA designs.
- Encounter Platform - Tools for creation of digital integrated circuits. This includes floorplanning, synthesis, test, and place and route. Typically a digital design starts from Verilog netlists. Includes Nanoroute technology.
- Incisive Platform - Tools for simulation and functional verification of RTL including Verilog, VHDL and SystemC based models. Includes formal verification, formal equivalence checking, hardware acceleration, and emulation.
- Palladium series - Accelerators and emulators for hardware and software co-verification and system-level verification.
- Design IP: Cadence provides design IP targeting areas including memory (DRAM), covering DDR1, DDR2, DDR3, DDR4, LPDDR2, LPDDR3, LPDDR4, and Wide I/O; storage (non-volatile memory), covering NVM Express and NAND Flash controller and PHY; and high-performance interface protocols such as PCI Express Gen3, 40/100G Ethernet, and USB 2 and USB 3.
- Verification IP (VIP) Cadence provides the broadest set of commercial VIP available with over 30 protocols in its VIP Portfolio. They include AMBA, PCI Express, USB, SATA, OCP, SAS, MIPI and many others. Cadence VIP also provides the unique Compliance Management System (CMS) to automate protocol compliance verification.
- Integration Optimized IP (Design IP) Cadence offers Vertically Integrated IP, inclusive of Digital Controller, Serdes Layer, and Device Driver. Protocols supported include USB, DDR, PCI-Express, 10G-40G Ethernet, and On Chip Bus Fabric.
- Allegro Platform - Tools for co-design of integrated circuits, packages, and PCBs.
- OrCAD/PSpice - Tools for smaller design teams and individual PCB designers.
- Sigrity technologies - Tools for signal and power verification for system-level signoff verification and interface compliance.
- Since the acquisition of Tensilica in 2013 in the business of semiconductor intellectual property core
In addition to EDA software, Cadence provides contracted methodology and design services as well as silicon design IP, and has a program aimed at making it easier for other EDA software to interoperate with the company's tools.
Lawsuits with Avant! and Mentor/Aptix
Cadence was involved in a long running (6 years) legal dispute with Avanti Corporation, in which Cadence claimed Avant! stole Cadence code, and Avant! denied it. According to Business Week "The Avant! case is probably the most dramatic tale of white-collar crime in the history of Silicon Valley". The Avant! executives eventually pleaded no contest and Cadence received several hundred million dollars in restitution. Avant! was then purchased by Synopsys, which paid $265 million more to settle the remaining claims. The case resulted in a number of legal precedents.
The Cadence group Quickturn was also involved in a series of legal events with Mentor Graphics/Aptix. Mentor purchased rights to an Aptix patent, then sued Cadence. In this case, the CEO of Aptix, Amr Mohsen, forged a notebook in order to make the patent case stronger. When suspicions were raised, he staged a break-in of his own car to get rid of the evidence, resulting in charges of obstruction of justice. Trying to avoid this, he attempted to flee the country, only to be caught with an illegal passport and a pile of cash. While in jail for this offense, he was recorded offering money to intimidate witnesses and kill the judge. In order to fight the new charges, he tried to feign psychological problems, but left a trail of evidence of his research into this defense, and how it might be done. He was charged with attempting to delay a federal trial by feigning incompetency, but was convicted anyway. According to the lawyers concerned, the original notebooks were not needed for the trial. The patent filing date, which was not in dispute, would have sufficed.
Top executives resign, layoffs
On October 15, 2008, Cadence President and CEO Michael Fister and four other top executives resigned, namely Executive Vice President of Worldwide Field Operations Kevin Bushby, Executive Vice President of Products and Technologies Organization James S. Miller Jr, Executive Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer William Porter and Executive Vice President of Corporate Affairs R.L. Smith McKeithen. This was followed by a large layoff of 20 to 25% of Cadence's employees.
In January 2010 Cadence laid-off an additional 120 workers.
Acquisition and merger timeline
- May 1997: acquired Cooper & Chyan Technology, a provider of PCB and IC automatic place and router software solutions.
- June 1999: acquired Orcad Systems, a market leader in shrink-wrap PCB Design Tools. 
- October 2002: acquired IBM's Test Design Automation group
- September 2003: acquired Verplex Systems, a provider of Formal Verification products, Conformal Solutions and Blacktie Property Checker.
- April 6, 2004: acquired Neolinear Technology, a privately held company specializing in rapid analog design technology
- April 7, 2005: acquired Verisity, Ltd., a provider of verification process automation solutions ($315 million, all cash).
- In 2007 the company began talks with Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Blackstone Group regarding a possible sale of the company.
- July 12, 2007: acquired Invarium, a photolithography specialist.
- August 15, 2007: acquired Clearshape, a developer of Design for Manufacturability (DFM) technology.
- March 11, 2008: acquired ChipEstimate, a developer of IC planning and IP reuse management tools.
- August 15, 2008: Cadence withdrew a $1.6 billion offer to purchase rival Mentor Graphics
- June 17, 2010: completed acquisition of Denali Software
- May 10, 2011: acquired Altos Design Automation, Inc., vendor of standard and complex cell libraries for the delivery of complex SoCs at advanced nodes.
- July 12, 2011: acquired Azuro, creator of clock concurrent optimization technology
- July 2, 2012: acquired Sigrity, a Leader in High-Speed PCB and IC Packaging Analysis
- February, 2013: acquired Cosmic Circuits, a provider of analog and mixed signal intellectual property (IP) cores. Cosmic Circuits offers IP products in connectivity and mixed-signal technologies in the 40 nm and 28 nm process nodes, with 20 nm and FinFET in development. The acquisition was completed in May 2013.
- March, 2013: acquired Tensilica, known for Dataplane Processing Units (DPU). Tensilica provides configurable and extensible processors along with DPUs for audio, baseband, imaging etc. It has 200 licensees and has shipped 2 billion cores so far.
- June, 2013: completed acquisition of the IP business of Evatronix, SA SKA of Poland. This acquisition brings to Cadence IP including certified USB 2.0/3.0, MIPI, display, and storage controllers.
- February 14, 2014: acquired Forte Design Systems, a provider of high-level synthesis (HLS) software products. This includes Cynthesizer, a SystemC-based behavioral synthesis tool that enables design creation at a higher level of abstraction.
The company has also acquired Valid Logic Systems, High Level Design (HLD), UniCAD, Quickturn, CadMOS, Simplex, Silicon Perspective, Plato and Get2Chip.
- Joseph Costello, CEO, 1988–1997.
- Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, co-founder.
- Jiri Soukup, co-founder.
- Jim Solomon, co-founder.
- Ken Kundert, fellow. Creator of the Spectre circuit simulation family of products (including SpectreRF) and the Verilog-A analog hardware description language.
- "Funding Universe". Funding Universe. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
- Design on Diagonal Path in Pursuit of a Faster Chip, John Markoff, New York Times, February 26, 2007
- Cadence Acquires Software Company, New York Times, April 11, 1990. Article describes Cadence acquiring a printed circuit design software company.
- Source: Cadence Design Systems fact sheet, http://www.cadence.com/rl/Resources/financial_reports/cadenceataglance.pdf
- Course description from University of Colorado
- Tutorial from MIT course
- "UNIX Software and CAD tools". Carleton University.
- Business Week overview of the entire case, after the criminal trial but before the purchase by Synopsys.
- EEDesign article about the final settlement.
- Cadence v. Avant!: The UTSA and California Trade Secret Law, Danley, J., Berkeley Technology Law Journal, 2004, Vol 19; Part 1, pages 289-308
- Blind Spots, from IP Law and Business
- In Courts, Threats Become Alarming Fact of Life, Deborah Sontag, New York Times, 20 March 2005
- Odd legal saga takes an ugly turn, Richard Goering, EE Times, 02 August 2004
- Jury finds Mohsen guilty of perjury, obstruction of justice, Dylan McGrath, EE Times, 28 February 2006
- Dylan McGrath, EE Times,"Analysis: With Fister gone, Cadence layoffs may be next". Retrieved March 3rd, 2012.
- "ADMIN", SiliconBeat,"Cadence to layoff 225 employees in 2009". June 10th, 2009. Retrieved March 3rd, 2012.
- UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION FORM 8-K FILING,"SEC Filing". May 13th, 2009. Retrieved March 3rd, 2012.
- Laura Rich, RecessionWire,"RecessionWire". January 19th, 2010. Retrieved March 3rd, 2012.
- "Cadence Design Systems Annual Report, 1997"., page 14
- Specialized Software Maker Is Said to Be in Buyout Talks, Andrew Ross Sorkin and Michael J. de la Merced, New York Times, Published: June 4, 2007
- Cadence Withdraws Proposal to Acquire Mentor Graphics
- "Cadence Completes Acquisition of Denali". 17 Jun 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Cadence Acquires Altos Design Automation
- Former Azuro CEO Explains Clock Concurrent Optimization
- Cadence Expands IP Portfolio with Agreement to Acquire Cosmic Circuits
- Cadence to Acquire Tensilica
- Source: http://www.cadence.com/cadence/newsroom/press_releases/Pages/pr.aspx?xml=061313_Evatronix