Cadet Corps Medal

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Cadet Corps Medal
Cadet Corps Medal.jpg
Awarded by the State President
Country  South Africa
Type Military long service medal
Eligibility Cadet Corps officers
Awarded for 20 years efficient service
Status Discontinued in 1986
Clasps 30 years service
Statistics
Established 1966
First awarded 1967
Last awarded 1978
Total awarded 95 [1]
Precedence
Next (higher)
SADF precedence:[2]
SANDF precedence:[3]
Next (lower)
KKMlint.gif
Ribbon bar

The Cadet Corps Medal is a military medal that was instituted by the Republic of South Africa in 1966. It was awarded to officers in the School Cadet Corps for twenty years efficient service. A clasp could be awarded after 30 years qualifying service.[4]

The South African military[edit]

The Union Defence Forces (UDF) were established in 1912 and renamed the South African Defence Force (SADF) in 1958. On 27 April 1994 it was integrated with six other independent forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[4]

Orders, decorations and medals[edit]

In April 1952 a series of military decorations and medals was instituted, consisting of substitutes for many of the British and Commonwealth awards which had earlier been used. More decorations and medals, as well as an emblem for being mentioned in dispatches, were added between 1953 and 1970. In July 1975 the military decorations and medals of the Republic were revised. Some decorations and medals were carried over from the earlier series of 1952-1975 and new awards were instituted, followed by more between 1987 and 1991. Finally, all but one of these earlier awards were discontinued in respect of services performed on or after 27 April 2003, when a new set of nine decorations and medals was instituted to replace them.[4][5][6][7][8]

Fount of Honour[edit]

Until 1958 the top three awards were reserved for conferment by the Queen while the rest were awarded by the Governor-General, but in 1958 the Governor-General was authorised to also award the top three. In 1961 the State President became the Fount of Honour, and in 1994 the President.[4]

Cadet Corps Medal[edit]

Prior to 1966 uniformed members serving in the Cadet Corps of the South African Defence Force were not rewarded for long and loyal service by means of a medal. The only existing medals for long service until then were the Permanent Force Good Service Medal and, for the Citizen Force, the John Chard Decoration and John Chard Medal. The De Wet Decoration for the Commandos was only instituted a year earlier in 1965.[9][10][11][12]

This was corrected on 19 August 1966 with the institution of the Cadet Corps Medal. It was one of a few new decorations and medals that were introduced during the mid 1960s in addition to the ten awards that were instituted in 1952, to increase the range of possible awards for serving members.[9][10][11][12]

Award criteria[edit]

The Cadet Corps Medal was awarded to officers in the School Cadet Corps for twenty years efficient service, which did not have to be continuous. A clasp could be awarded after 30 years qualifying service.[4]

The first awards of the Cadet Corps Medal were promulgated in South African Defence Force Order 134/67 on 24 November 1967. It was awarded to deserving officers in the Cadet Corps annually after 1967.[9][10][11][12]

In August 1976 the SADF transferred all serving officers in the Cadet Corps to either the Citizen Force or the Commandos. Since they now became eligible for the long service awards of either of these two elements of the Force, depending on which one they were integrated into, the requirement for the Cadet Corps Medal lapsed and it became obsolete. The award of the Cadet Corps Medal was consequently discontinued in respect of Cadet Corps officers who reached the qualifying period of service after August 1976. The final award of the Cadet Corps Medal was promulgated in 1978 in South African Defence Force General Order 60/78.[9][10][11][12]

Between 1967 and 1978 the Cadet Corps Medal was awarded to 95 officers. Three clasps to the Cadet Corps Medal were awarded, two in 1968 and one in 1971.[1]

Order of precedence[edit]

The position of the Cadet Corps Medal in the official order of precedence was revised three times to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, first with the integration into the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994, again when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted in April 1996 for the two former non-statutory forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, and again when a new series of military decorations and medals was instituted in South Africa on 27 April 2003, but it remained unchanged on all three occasions.[2][3]

Official SANDF order of precedence
Official national order of precedence

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Cadet Corps Medal is a medallion struck in silver, 3 millimetres thick and 38 millimetres in diameter, depicting the prancing springbok emblem of the School Cadet Corps of the South African Defence Force, surrounded by a wreath of proteas and inscribed "CADET CORPS MEDAL" at left and "KADETKORPSMEDALJE" at right.[4][13]

Reverse

The reverse has the pre-1994 South African Coat of Arms.

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide, with an 8 millimetres wide dark blue band and a 1½ millimetres wide white band, repeated in reverse order and separated by a 13 millimetres wide orange band. Orange, white and dark blue were the colours of the pre-1994 South African flag.[13]

Clasp

The clasp was struck in silver with the prancing springbok emblem embossed in the centre of the bar.[9][10][11][12]

Status[edit]

Since the Cadet Corps Medal became obsolete in August 1976 when the Cadet Corps was absorbed into the Citizen Force and the Commandos, the medal was officially discontinued in 1986.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gilbert, Norman. (2009). Cadet Corps Medal: Roll of Recipients. Just Done Productions, Durban.
  2. ^ a b c d e Republic of South Africa Government Gazette no. 15093, Pretoria, 3 September 1993
  3. ^ a b c d e f Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, ISBN 9771682584003
  4. ^ a b c d e f g South African Medals Website - SA Defence Force : 1952-1975
  5. ^ South African Medals Website - SA Defence Force : 1975-2003
  6. ^ Suid-Afrikaanse militêre dekorasies: 1952-1975
  7. ^ Suid-Afrikaanse militêre dekorasies: 1975-2003
  8. ^ Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 457, no. 25213, Pretoria, 25 July 2003
  9. ^ a b c d e Alexander, E.G.M., Barron, G.K.B. and Bateman, A.J. (1986). South African Orders, Decorations and Medals. Human and Rousseau.
  10. ^ a b c d e Mackay, J., Mussel, J.W. (Editors). (2005). Medal Yearbook 2006, Token Publishing Ltd., Devon.
  11. ^ a b c d e Monick, Dr S. (1995). Medal Publications Part III: A Study of South African Awards 1910–1994, South African National Museum of Military History, Johannesburg.
  12. ^ a b c d e Monick, S. (1988). South African Military Awards 1912-1987. South African National Museum of Military History.
  13. ^ a b Cadet Corps Medal