Rouyn-Noranda

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For the former provincial electoral district, see Rouyn-Noranda (electoral district).
Rouyn-Noranda
City
Fountain on Osisko Lake.
Fountain on Osisko Lake.
Official logo of Rouyn-Noranda
Logo
Motto: "Fierté, Solidarité, Savoir"
("Pride, Solidarity, Knowledge")
Location in province of Quebec.
Location in province of Quebec.
Location with surrounding municipalities.
Location with surrounding municipalities.
Rouyn-Noranda is located in Western Quebec
Rouyn-Noranda
Rouyn-Noranda
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°14′N 79°01′W / 48.233°N 79.017°W / 48.233; -79.017Coordinates: 48°14′N 79°01′W / 48.233°N 79.017°W / 48.233; -79.017[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Abitibi-Témiscamingue
RCM None
Founded 1926
Constituted January 1, 2002
Government[2]
 • Mayor Mario Provencher
 • Federal riding Abitibi—Témiscamingue
 • Prov. riding Abitibi-Est / Rouyn-
Noranda–Témiscamingue
Area[2][3]
 • City 6,441.40 km2 (2,487.04 sq mi)
 • Land 6,010.50 km2 (2,320.67 sq mi)
 • Metro[4] 6,438.47 km2 (2,485.91 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City 41,012
 • Density 6.8/km2 (18/sq mi)
 • Metro[4] 41,798
 • Metro density 6.5/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 2.7%
 • Dwellings 19,224
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J9X, J9Y
Area code(s) 819
Highways Route 101
Route 117
Route 391
Route 393
Website www.ville.
rouyn-noranda.qc.ca

Rouyn-Noranda (2011 population 41,012) is a city on Osisko Lake in northwestern Quebec, Canada.

The city of Rouyn-Noranda is a coextensive with a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec of the same name. Their geographical code is 86.

History[edit]

City Hall.

The city of Rouyn (named for Jean-Baptiste Rouyn, a captain in the Royal-Roussillon regiment of Montcalm)[5] appeared after copper was discovered in 1917. Noranda (a contraction of "North Canada") was created later around the Horne mine and foundry. Both were officially constituted as cities in 1926, then merged in 1986.

Rouyn Noranda seen from space.

Since 1966, Rouyn and Noranda constitute the capital of the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region. It is also the seat of public university UQAT since 1983.

The population tends to increase or decrease dramatically depending on the economic situation. The city's population dropped by 5 per cent between the 1996 and 2001 census, before increasing slightly by 0.8 per cent for the 2006 census. This more closely parallels the demographic patterns of Northern Ontario than those of Quebec during this period. Rouyn-Noranda also has other cultural affiliations with Northern Ontario, being the only municipality in Quebec that holds a membership in the Francophone Association of Municipalities of Ontario.

The Roman Catholic diocese of Rouyn-Noranda was established on November 29, 1973, with Mgr. Jean-Guy Hamelin as its first bishop. It is part of the Metropolitan Province of Gatineau. Mgr. Dorylas Moreau was appointed as bishop on November 30, 2001, replacing Mgr. Hamelin. On September 15, 2003, a decree moved the cathedral from Saint-Michel-Archange church to Saint-Joseph church.

Communities[edit]

The Horne foundry seen from Sacré-Coeur.

As part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, on January 1, 2002 the municipalities (including unorganized territories) of the former Rouyn-Noranda Regional County Municipality amalgamated into the new City of Rouyn-Noranda. These were: Arntfield, Bellecombe, Beaudry, Cadillac, Cléricy, Cloutier, D'Alembert, Destor, Évain, Lac-Montanier, Lac-Surimau, McWatters, Mont-Brun, Montbeillard, Rapides-des-Cèdres, Rollet, and the former Rouyn-Noranda.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec[8]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 28,958 —    
1996 28,819 −0.5%
(2000) 30,936 +7.3%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 28,270 −8.6%
(2002) 39,621 +40.2%
2006 39,924 +0.8%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 41,012 +2.7%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
40,200
38,700 Increase 1.9% 96.27% 835 Increase 15.2% 2.08% 245 Steady 0.0% 0.61% 420 Decrease 11.6% 1.04%
2006
39,435
37,990 Increase 41.8% 96.34% 725 Decrease 2.0% 1.84% 245 Increase 40.0% 0.62% 475 Increase 111.1% 1.20%
2001
27,930
26,790 Decrease 0.1% 95.92% 740 Decrease 28.2% 2.65% 175 Decrease 39.7% 0.63% 225 Decrease 33.8% 0.80%
1996
28,490
26,830 n/a 94.17% 1,030 n/a 3.62% 290 n/a 1.02% 340 n/a 1.19%

Politics[edit]

Federally, Rouyn-Noranda is part of the Abitibi—Témiscamingue riding. Its MP is currently Christine Moore of the New Democratic Party. Provincially, Rouyn-Noranda is divided between Abitibi-Est and Rouyn-Noranda–Témiscamingue ridings.

The city's mayor is Mario Provencher.

Rouyn-Noranda is also a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Rouyn-Noranda. Its geographical code is 86.

Rouyn-Noranda is the seat of the judicial district of the same name.[9]

Sports[edit]

The Rouyn-Noranda Huskies have played in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League since the Saint-Hyacinthe Laser relocated to the town in 1996. Rouyn-Noranda has produced a large number of NHLers for its size including former NHL stars Pierre Turgeon, Stephane Matteau, Sylvain Turgeon, Dale Tallon, Pit Martin, Jacques Laperrière, Jacques Cloutier, Dave Keon and Kent Douglas, the last two both members of the 1967 Stanley Cup Champion Toronto Maple Leafs. Former NHL players Réjean Houle, Éric Desjardins and the Bordeleau Brothers (Christian, Jean Paul and Paulin) also hail from the city. Rouyn-Noranda native Marc-André Cliche played in his first NHL game in 2010.

Economy[edit]

Propair has its headquarters on the property of Rouyn-Noranda Airport.[10] Xstrata Copper Canada currently operates the Horne smelter.

Culture[edit]

Downtown Rouyn-Noranda.
A street corner in Downtown Rouyn-Noranda.
Synagogue of Rouyn-Noranda

Since 1982, the city has been host to the International Cinema Festival of Abitibi-Témiscamingue and since 2003, the host of the Emerging Music Festival in Abitibi-Témiscamingue.

Notable cultural figures from Rouyn-Noranda include singer-songwriter Richard Desjardins, actors Paule Baillargeon, Anne Dorval and Bruce Greenwood, and science fiction writer Éric Gauthier.

Rouyn-Noranda is known as "La Capitale Nationale du Cuivre" (or the National Copper Capital) for its extensive copper deposits and mining/smelting activities.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by the Rouyn-Noranda Airport and has a small public transit system of four bus routes serving the urban area.

The primary highways through the city are the north-south Route 101 and the east-west Route 117, which is part of the Trans-Canada Highway system.

Media[edit]

Almost all media in Rouyn-Noranda and the nearby city of Val-d'Or serves both cities. Although the cities are far enough apart that radio and television stations in the area serve the cities from separate transmitters, almost every broadcast station in either city has a rebroadcaster in the other city. The only nominal exceptions are the cities' separate NRJ stations, although at present even these stations share the majority of their broadcast schedule.

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 325861 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Rouyn-Noranda
  3. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
  4. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Rouyn-Noranda (Census agglomeration), Quebec. The census agglomeration consists of Rouyn-Noranda and Preissac. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had not included Preissac.
  5. ^ Gourd (1988), p. 1890.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  9. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  10. ^ "Contact Us." Propair. Retrieved on November 4, 2010. "Rouyn-Noranda Headquarters 30, rue Pronovost Rouyn-Noranda airport Rouyn-Noranda (Québec) J9X 5B7 CA ." Address in French: "Rouyn-Noranda Siège social 30, rue Pronovost Aéroport de Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda (Québec) J9X 5B7 CA "

Sources[edit]

  • Gourd, Benoit-Beaudry. "Rouyn-Noranda", in The Canadian Encyclopedia, Volume 3. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishing, 1988.

Further reading[edit]

  • Rodrigue, Patrick. "Rouyn-Noranda, la Mecque du rock 'n' roll" & "Un Musée du rock 'n' roll pourrait naître à Rouyn-Noranda", Abitibi-Express, vol. 1, no 44 (31 mai 2011), p. 4. N.B.: Paired ill. articles, each individually titled and separately accessible also on the newspaper's Internet site, describing Rouyn-Noranda as one of the two contrasting poles, the other being Montréal, of popular music in Québec.

External links[edit]