Cadillac Brougham

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Cadillac Brougham
85-92 Cadillac Brougham.jpg
1990 - 1992 Cadillac Brougham
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Model years 1987–1992
Assembly Arlington Assembly, USA
Detroit Assembly, USA
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FR layout
Platform D-body
Powertrain
Engine 5.0 L L02 V8
5.0 L Chevrolet V8
5.7 L L05/LLO V8
Transmission 4-speed TH-200-4R automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 121.5 in (3,086 mm)
Length 221.0 in (5,613 mm)
Width 75.3 in (1,913 mm)
Height 1985–89: 56.7 in (1,440 mm)
1990–92: 57.4 in (1,458 mm)
Curb weight 4,300–4,500 lb (2,000–2,000 kg)
Chronology
Predecessor Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham
Successor Cadillac Fleetwood

The Cadillac Brougham is a line of luxury cars manufactured by the Cadillac division of General Motors from the 1987 through the 1992 years.

Early History[edit]

Originally used for a single horse drawn enclosed carriage for 2-4 people, the “Brougham” owes its name to a British statesman, Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, whose second claim to fame is having given to the sea-front drive, in Nice in the South of France, the nickname of Promenade des Anglais (the "promenade where the English stroll").[1] Cadillac first used the name in 1916 to designate an enclosed 5-7 passenger sedan body style.[1][2][3] In the thirties, the name was given to a formal body style with open chauffeur compartment and enclosed rear quarters, metal roof and often "razor-edged" styling.[1] When Cadillac started offering Fleetwood bodies on some of its cars in 1925, the Brougham body style was Fleetwood bodied every year with the exception of 1926.[2][3] After 1937 the Brougham name was not applied to any Cadillac for the remainder of the pre-World War II period.[2][3]

The Brougham name would eventually reappear on the 1955 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham show car[4] which preceded the 4-door Eldorado Brougham hardtops of the 1957 to 1960 model years.[3][4] The 1957 Cadillac Series 70 Eldorado Brougham joined the Sixty Special and the Series 75 as the only Cadillac models with Fleetwood bodies although Fleetwood script or crests did not appear anywhere on the exterior of the car,[5][6] and so this would also mark the first time in 20 years that that a Fleetwood bodied car was paired with the Brougham name.

After a five year absence the Brougham name reappeared as an option package on the 1965 Cadillac Sixty Special.[3][4] The following year the Brougham moved up to becoming a subseries of the Fleetwood Sixty Special.[3][4] This continued through 1970.[3][4] Starting in 1971 the Sixty Special was only available as the well equipped Fleetwood Sixty Special Brougham.[3][4] When the Sixty Special Series was retired in 1977, the Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham took its place as Cadillac's most luxurious owner-driven large sedan model through 1986.[3][7]

The Brougham finally became a separate model from 1987 through 1992.[3][4] This was the last Cadillac to be produced with no airbags.

Description[edit]

1988 Cadillac Brougham

Although the vehicle was identical to the 1986 model, the former Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham - the last remaining rear-wheel drive Cadillac - was renamed in 1987 to "Brougham". The Cadillac Fleetwood had been introduced as a new, smaller breed of front-drive Cadillac in 1985, and the confusion over the Fleetwood name being applied to two very different vehicles prompted the name change for 1987. As it had been since the late Seventies, the optional "d'Elegance" package offered even more luxurious appointments, including button-tufted seating and rear-seat reading lamps.

The rear-wheel drive Cadillac Brougham, in addition to rival Lincoln's similar Town Car, was popular among coachbuilders who manufactured stretched limousines on the Brougham's architecture.

Construction of the Cadillac Brougham was performed at the Clark Street Assembly Plant in Detroit, Michigan from 1985 until 1987; some early model year 1988 Broughams were produced there in late 1987. Beginning in 1988 and continuing through 1992, Broughams were produced at Arlington Assembly in Arlington, Texas. The 11th digit of the VIN indicates plant assembly. A "9" as the 11th digit indicates a Detroit Brougham; a "R" indicates an Arlington Brougham.

VIN "9" Broughams were actually produced in 1987-1990 (and in 1986 as well), although rare, can be found as "commercial chassis" vehicles, and generally have a higher output Oldsmobile 307 LG8 Engine and different transmissions (typically the TH400 three speed), depending on the use. Generally speaking, minor differences between 1987 and 1988 (VIN 9 and Y) can be found, such as carburetor assembly. While these cars all used Rochester Quadrajet Electronic four-barrel carburetors, differences include an electronic (Detroit) versus vacuum (Arlington) Idle Load Compensator, as well as an electronic (Detroit) versus climactic (Arlington) choke system. The vin "9" engine is the high output version of the base LV2 307 vin code Y and shares most parts with it. The HO engine is the same engine that was used in the rear wheel drive Oldsmobile 442.

The Brougham wore a cross-hatch grille in 1987 and 1988 which was an identical re-cast of the 1981 grille. The Brougham received a new vertical-slat grille for 1989, which was similar to the 1980 grille. The 1980 grille had five horizontal sections, the 1989-1992 had three horizontal sections. A 1990 facelift (the first one since 1980), was necessitated by a re-bodied Town Car from rival Lincoln. For 1990, Brougham received a new digital dash cluster inside, and composite headlamps, contemporary taillamp lenses, flush bumper moldings, and an optional Chevrolet 350 V8. Door-mounted automatic front seatbelts became standard, as no driver's side airbag was available.

For 1991, the L02 V8 was replaced by a Chevrolet FI V8 that produced 170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS), while the Chevrolet 350 produced 185 hp (138 kW; 188 PS). The 1992 models received no major changes, as it was its final year.

The last one rolled off the assembly line on June 5, 1992

Brougham used the 121.5-inch (3,086 mm) wheelbase D-body platform, which was used in the pre-1987 model.

The Fleetwood name returned to the RWD model with a major redesign for 1993, and Brougham again was an option package, as it had been in 1965.

"Premiere Roof" option[edit]

1988 Cadillac Brougham with Premiere Roof option

Owing to the Brougham's heritage (Fleetwood Brougham), a vinyl roof covering was considered a sign of a formal and luxurious automobile. In 1988, the "Premiere Roof" option was available giving the standard Brougham a very formal look. Though costly at US$895, it altered the overall appearance greatly. It included a vinyl covering of not only the entire roof of the car but also the "B-pillar" and the rear quarter window surround. This option was availalble in 1988 and 1989 until Brougham's 1990 restyling wherein a slight variation of it became the standard roof treatment.

Powertrains[edit]

Engines:

  • 1987–1990: 5.0 litres (307 cu in) LV2 V8, 140 hp (104 kW; 142 PS)
  • 1991–1992: 5.0 litres (305 cu in) Chevrolet FI V8, 170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS)
  • 1990–1992: 5.7 litres (350 cu in) L05/LLO FI V8, 175 to 185 hp (130 to 138 kW; 177 to 188 PS)

Transmissions:

Production Figures[8]
Year Units
1987 65,504
1988 53,130
1989 40,264
1990 33,741
1991 27,231
1992 13,761
Total Production = 233,631

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Cadillac Terms and Definitions A - C". Cadillacdatabase.net. 1996. Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  2. ^ a b c Kimes, Beverly (1996). Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942. Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-428-4. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Gunnell, John (2005). Standard Catalog of Cadillac 1903-2005. Krause Publications. ISBN 0873492897. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Kowalke, Ron (1997). Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946-1975. Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-521-3. 
  5. ^ Bonsall, Thomas (2003). The Cadillac Story. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4942-6. 
  6. ^ "Mark II Meets Eldorado Brougham". Special Interest Autos (2). Nov–Dec 1970. 
  7. ^ Flammang, James (1999). Standard Catalog of American Cars 1976-1999. Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-755-0. 
  8. ^ The Encyclopedia of American Cars, 2006 Edition