2014 Cadillac ELR
|Assembly||United States: Detroit, Michigan (Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupé|
|Layout||FF (Front engine, front-wheel drive)|
|Platform||GM Delta II / GM Voltec|
|Engine||1398 cc EcoFLEX LUU I4 (gasoline)|
|Transmission||CVT Voltec 4ET50 multi-mode electric transaxle|
|Hybrid drivetrain||Series hybrid|
|Battery||16.5 kWh lithium-ion battery|
|Range||more than 300 miles (480 km)|
|Electric range||about 35 miles (56 km)|
|Wheelbase||2,695 mm (106.1 in)|
|Length||4,724 mm (186.0 in)|
|Width||1,847 mm (72.7 in)|
|Height||1,420 mm (55.9 in)|
|Curb weight||1,846 kg (4,070 lb)|
General Motors debuted the concept car that would become the ELR, the Cadillac Converj, at the 2009 North American International Auto Show. General Motors unveiled the production version of the car, the ELR, four years later at the 2013 North American International Auto Show.
The ELR powertrain is a re-tuned version of the propulsion system used in the Chevrolet Volt. The ELR's 16.5 kWh lithium-ion battery pack delivers an all-electric range of about 35 miles (56 km) and a top speed of 100 mph (160 km/h).
Pre-production began in May 2013 at the Detroit Hamtramck Assembly Plant. Production of vehicles intended for sale to retail customers is scheduled to begin in December 2013, with deliveries expected to begin in January 2014.
In April 2009 Motor Trend reported that General Motors had approved the production version of Cadillac Converj in 2011 as 2012 model year vehicle. However, GM refuted this report and stated that the Converj was "a concept vehicle undergoing a review". An August 2009 BusinessWeek report stated that GM Vice Chairman Robert Lutz wanted to see the Converj go to production, possibly as early as 2014, and it was reported that while delivering the keynote speech at the 46th annual Northwood Auto Show Lutz "hinted that an announcement on production for the well-received Cadillac Converj concept car may be forthcoming." At the 2010 North American International Auto Show, Lutz told the Society of Automotive Analysts “The Cadillac Converj is cleared for production,” but that "It won’t be next year or the year after that.” Despite these statements, in March 2010, Bloomberg BusinessWeek reported that GM decided to end work on the Converj, because the Converj "couldn’t have enough amenities and electric range to be compelling to buyers and produce a profit".
General Motors reversed its decision to cancel the project in August 2011 and announced that the Converj concept would go into production as the Cadillac ELR at a price less than the US$57,400 Tesla Model S, but did not provide details on performance or timing. General Motors stated that the ELR would be about the same size as the Chevrolet Volt and produced in the same facility.
In October 2012, General Motors announced that the ELR would be assembled at the Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly Plant, where the similar Chevrolet Volt, Opel Ampera, and Holden Volt are also assembled. The addition of the ELR to the plant represents an additional US$35 million investment, bringing the total product investment at the plant to US$561 million since December 2009.
General Motors began assembly of pre-production vehicles to be used for testing in late May 2013.
Production of vehicles destined for retail customers is expected to begin in December 2013, with retail deliveries beginning in January, 2014. The 2014 ELR has a base price of US$75,995, which includes a US$995 destination charge but excludes any applicable government incentives.
Although a timeline has not been specified, GM plans to expand ELR distribution to global markets including China and Europe.
The ELR is built upon the GM Delta II platform and incorporates a version of the Voltec propulsion system used in the Chevrolet Volt. The Voltec propulsion system includes a 119-135 kilowatt electric motor, a four-cylinder engine-generator and a 16.5 kWh lithium-ion battery pack. GM estimates the ELR has an all-electric range of 35 miles (56 km), a total range of over 300 mi (480 km) and a top speed of 100 mph (160 km/h). The ELR recharges in about 12 hours from a 120-volt outlet and 4.5 hours from a 240-volt outlet.
On November 15th, 2013, Cadillac released full specifications for the 2014 Cadillac ELR. Most notable is the acceleration from 0-60mph in 7.8 seconds in range extending mode. Some specifications were updated. The new top speed is stated as 106 mph (171 km/h), and Cadillac says the ELR has an all-electric range of 37 miles (60 km) and a total range of 345 mi (555 km). Charging times were also updated to 12.5-18 hours using the 120-volt travel charger, and about 5 hours using a 240-volt charging station.
Awards and recognition
In 2009, the Converj concept was awarded "Best Concept Vehicle" in the Eyes on Design Awards, "Most Significant Concept Vehicle of 2009" in the North American Concept Vehicle of the Year Awards and "Specialty Concept Vehicle of the Year" by the Southeast Automotive Media Organization.
In 2013, the ELR was awarded "Best Production Vehicle" in the Eyes on Design Awards.
- Electric car use by country
- Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles
- List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles
- List of production battery electric vehicles
- Plug-in electric vehicle
- Ross, Jeffrey N. (2013-05-30). "First Cadillac ELR Rolls Off the Line". Autoblog. AOL. Archived from the original on 2013-09-17. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "2014 Cadillac ELR Specifications". Cadillac News. General Motors Company. 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-09-17. Retrieved 2031-09-17. "EPA vehicle class: Compact car"
- "Design Powers 2014 Cadillac ELR" (Press release). Detroit, Michigan: General Motors Company. 2013-01-15. Archived from the original on 2013-09-18. Retrieved 2013-09-18. "“When we introduced the Converj in 2009, we knew any production model would need to advance the concept yet retain the distinctive design language and styling that were so well received,” said Tim Kozub, ELR exterior design manager."
- Miller, Michael A.; Holmes, Alan G.; Conlon, Brendan M.; Savagian, Peter J. (2011-04-12). "The GM "Voltec" 4ET50 Multi-Mode Electric Transaxle". SAE International - Technical Papers (SAE International). doi:10.4271/2011-01-0887. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Cadillac Converj To Include GM's Volt Plug-In Technology". Autoweek. Crain Communications. 2010-01-10. ISSN 0192-9674. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-10-11. "General Motors Co. will produce the Cadillac Converj plug-in concept car introduced at last year's Detroit auto show, Vice Chairman Bob Lutz said."
- "Cadillac Converj Extended-Range Electric Vehicle". GM-Volt.com. GM-Volt.com. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
- Miersma, Seyth (2013-01-15). "2014 Cadillac ELR Is Making Green Sexy in Detroit". Autoblog. AOL. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
- Burden, Melissa (2013-10-11). "GM Prices Cadillac ELR Plug-In Coupe at $75,995". The Detroit News (The Detroit News). ISSN 1055-2715. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-10-11. "Production on the luxury coupe at GM’s Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly Plant is expected to begin in December and it should hit dealer lots nationally in early January, said Cadillac spokesman David Caldwell."
- Johnson, Eric (01 2009). "Cadillac Converj Concept". Car and Driver. Hearst Communications. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-10-11. "...GM rolled out this gorgeous 2+2 coupe concept at the Detroit auto show. Essentially a Chevrolet Volt sedan underneath, the Cadillac Converj makes that car, no uggo itself, look like a toaster oven in comparison."
- Mick, Jason (2009-04-15). "Report: Production of Cadillac Converj Approved". DailyTech. DailyTech. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-04-15). "Cadillac Converj Reportedly Approved for Production". Autoblog Green. AOL. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- Welch, David (2009-08-21). "At GM, Dreams of an Electric Cadillac". Bloomberg BusinessWeek (Bloomberg L.P.). Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- Doerr, Erich T. (2009-10-03). "Lutz Sings Praises, Quality of 'New' GM's New Auto Line". Midland Daily News (Midland Daily News). Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- "GM to Produce Cadillac Converj Electric Vehicle, Lutz Says". Bloomberg BusinessWeek (Bloomberg L.P.). 2010-01-10. Retrieved 2010-11-27.[dead link]
- Welch, David (2010-03-01). "GM Said to Drop Volt-Based Cadillac to Focus on Plug-In Hybrids". Bloomberg BusinessWeek (Bloomberg L.P.). Archived from the original on 2010-03-01. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- "Cadillac Converj Extended Range EV Concept Officially Headed for Production". Green Car Congress. BioAge Group. 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- Trudell, Craig; Welch, David (2011-08-17). "GM Plans to Build Plug-In Cadillac ELR That’s Similar to Chevrolet Volt". Bloomberg BusinessWeek (Bloomberg L.P.). Archived from the original on 2013-09-17. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- Vijayenthiran, Viknesh (2012-06-28). "New Details on Cadillac ELR Extended-Range Electric Car". Motor Authority. Motor Authority. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- Ernst, Kurt (2012-09-06). "2014 Cadillac ELR Spy Shots". Motor Authority. Motor Authority. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- "Cadillac ELR Sales to Begin in January" (Press release). Detroit, Michigan: General Motors Company. 2013-10-11. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-10-11. "...the 2014 ELR has a starting price of $75,995, including a $995 destination charge but excluding tax, title, license and dealer fees. Upon IRS certification of an anticipated federal tax credit, purchasers may be eligible for a tax credit from $0 to $7,500 depending on individual tax liability."
- Szostech, Michael. "2014 Cadillac ELR Unveiled in Detroit". My Electric Car Forums. My Electric Car Forums. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
- "GM to Buy Lithium-Ion Batteries for the Chevy Volt from LG Chem". U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. United States Department of Energy. 2009-01-14. Archived from the original on 201-10-11. Retrieved 2031-10-11. "The two-door, front-wheel-drive coupe recharges in eight hours using a standard 120-volt outlet, or in only three hours using a 240-volt outlet, the type commonly used for large electric appliances."
- Mike Szostech. "Cadillac ELR Specs". My Electric Car Forums. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
- Maynard, Shawn (2010). "Cadillac Converj Named Best Concept Vehicle of 2009 Detroit Show". Automobile.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- Blanco, Sebastian (2009-06-24). "Fisker Karma Sunset, Converj, BlueSport Roadster win Concept Vehicle of the Year Awards". Autoblog Green. AOL. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- Biel, John (2009-07-01). "Converj "Emerjes" as Top Concept Vehicle". How Stuff Works ConsumerGuide Automotive. Publications International. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- King, Danny (2012-01-13). "Tesla Model S, BMW i3 Among 2012 Green Car Vision Finalists". Autoblog Green. AOL. Retrieved 2012-01-13.
- Patton, Phil (2013-01-16). "Cadillac, Ford, Nissan and Lutz Win Design Awards". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Wheels. ISSN 0362-4331. OCLC 1645522. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-10-11. "For best production vehicle, Cadillac’s Volt-based extended range electric ELR beat out the Corvette Stingray."
- Leno, Jay (Host); Saucedo, Frank (Guest) (2013-06-17). "2014 Cadillac ELR". Jay Leno's Garage (Web video) (Burbank, California: NBC Studio). Retrieved 2013-11-08.
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