|Molar mass||360.25 g mol−1|
|Appearance||colorless crystals with a yellow tint|
|Density||7.9 g/cm3, solid|
|Solubility in water||0.04642 g/100 mL (20 °C)|
|EU classification||Harmful (Xn)|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Cadmium tungstate (CdWO4 or CWO), the cadmium salt of tungstic acid, is a dense, chemically inert solid which is used as a scintillation crystal to detect gamma rays. It has density of 7.9 g/cm3 and melting point of 1325 °C. It is toxic if inhaled or swallowed. Its crystals are transparent, colorless, with slight yellow tint. It is odorless. Its CAS number is [ ]. It is not hygroscopic.
The crystal is transparent and emits light when it is hit by gamma rays and x-rays, making it useful as a detector of ionizing radiation. Its peak scintillation wavelength is 480 nm (with emission range between 380-660 nm), and efficiency of 13000 photons/MeV. It has a relatively high light yield, its light output is about 40% of NaI(Tl), but the time of scintillation is quite long (12−15 μs). It is often used in computed tomography. Combining the scintillator crystal with externally applied piece of boron carbide allows construction of compact detectors of gamma rays and neutron radiation.
Cadmium tungstate was used as a replacement of calcium tungstate in some fluoroscopes since 1940's. Very high radiopurity allows to use this scintillator as a detector of rare nuclear processes (double beta decay, other rare alpha and beta decays) in low-background applications. For example, the first indication of the natural alpha activity of tungsten (alpha decay of 180W) had been found in 2003 with CWO detectors. Due to different time of light emission for different types of ionizing particles, the alpha-beta discrimination technique has been developed for CWO scintillators.
It is toxic, as are all cadmium compounds.
- Burachas S. F. et al. (1996). "Large volume CdWO4 crystal scintillators". Nucl. Instrum. and Methods in Phys. Research A 369 (1): 164–168. doi:10.1016/0168-9002(95)00675-3.
- "Patterson Hand-Held Fluoroscope (ca. 1940s)". Oak Ridge Associated Universities. 1999. Retrieved 2008-04-26.
- Kroeger, F. A. (1948). Some Aspects of the Luminescence of Solids. Elsevier.
- Bardelli L. et al. (2006). "Further study of CdWO4 crystal scintillators as detectors for high sensitivity 2β experiments: Scintillation properties and pulse-shape discrimination". Nucl. Instrum. and Methods in Phys. Research A 569 (3): 743–753. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2006.09.094.
- Danevich F. A. et al. (2003). "α activity of natural tungsten isotopes". Phys. Rev. C 67 (1): 014310. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.67.014310.
- Fazzini T. et al. (1998). "Pulse-shape discrimination with CdWO4 crystal scintillators". Nucl. Instrum. and Methods in Phys. Research A 410 (2): 213–219. doi:10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00179-X.
- Wang Y, Ma J, Tao J, Zhu X, Zhou J, Zhao Z, Xie L, and Tian H (September 2006). "Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of CdWO4 nanorods". Journal of the American Ceramic Society 89 (9): 2980–2982. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.01171.x. Retrieved 2008-04-26.
|This inorganic compound-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|