Cadomin

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Cadomin
Hamlet
Cadomin is located in Alberta
Cadomin
Location of Cadomin in Alberta
Coordinates: 53°01′57″N 117°19′35″W / 53.03246°N 117.32652°W / 53.03246; -117.32652
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Census division No. 14
Municipal district Yellowhead County
Government
 • Type Unincorporated
 • Mayor Gerald Soroka
 • Governing body
Area[1]
 • Total 1.14 km2 (0.44 sq mi)
Elevation 1,520 m (4,990 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 36
 • Density 31.5/km2 (82/sq mi)
 • Dwellings 96
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)

Cadomin /ˈkædəmɪn/ is a hamlet in the west-central Alberta, Canada within Yellowhead County.[2] It is located along the McLeod River in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Hinton near the Bighorn Highway. It is served by a spur of the Canadian National Railway.[3]

Statistics Canada recognizes Cadomin as a designated place.[4] It is located in census division No. 14 and in the riding of Yellowhead. It is administered by Yellowhead County.[5]

History[edit]

House in Cadomin, mid 1950s

Cadomin's name is an acronym for 'Canadian Dominion Mining',[6][7] and the town gives its name to the Cadomin Formation, which forms a prominent outcrop near the settlement.

Cadomin is one of many towns in the Alberta Coal Branch area that thrived from the 1920s to the 1950s. During the early 1930s, Cadomin's population peaked at 1,800.[8] Other Coal Branch towns included Mountain Park, Luscar, Mercoal, and farther to the east, Robb, Embarras, Coalspur, Coal Valley, Lovett, and Foothills.[9]

Mining[edit]

The Cadomin Coal Company began operations in 1917 and four underground mines were eventually developed, as well as a surface mine that operated from 1944 to 1950. The main coal seam, called the No. 1 Seam, averaged 33 feet (10 m) in thicknesses. The strata in the area are strongly folded and faulted, and the seam is strongly inclined to overturned, so a variety of methods were employed to work it.[10] The coal was sold primarily as steam coal for railroad use, and the Cadomin coal mines closed in 1952 due to declining markets as the railroads replaced steam locomotives with diesel.[11]

Cadomin Quarry, operated by the Lehigh Cement Company (formerly Inland Cement), continues to employ a small number of local residents.[12]

Cadomin Recreation Centre 2011
Cadomin Fire Dept 2011
Cadomin Legion 2011
One of the many caves of Cadomin
The scenery of Cadomin

Demographics[edit]

As a designated place in the 2011 Census, Cadomin had a population of 36 living in 22 of its 96 total dwellings, a -35.7% change from its 2006 population of 56. With a land area of 1.14 km2 (0.44 sq mi), it had a population density of 31.6/km2 (81.8/sq mi) in 2011.[1]

As of 2006, Cadomin had a total population of 56 living in 30 dwellings. With a land area of 1.14 km2 (0.44 sq mi), it has a population density of 49.0 /km2 (127 /sq mi).[4]

Attractions[edit]

Cadomin Cave, located several kilometres to the south, attracts a number of tourists during the summer months, although it remains undeveloped.

In the area around Cadomin, there are extensive trails for horse back riding, all terrain vehicles and dirt biking. Mountain biking is becoming increasingly popular as well.

The scientific and naturalist communities spend a great deal of time studying the extensive wildlife including Bighorn Sheep, Grizzly Bears, Moose, Elk, and other mountain species.

The fall provides numerous big game hunting opportunities for deer, moose and bighorn sheep.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-04-06. 
  2. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-04-01). "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities". Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  3. ^ Atlas of Alberta Railways. The Coal Branch
  4. ^ a b Statistics Canada (2007). "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2006 and 2001 censuses". Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  5. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs. "Yellowhead County - Municipal district Profile". Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  6. ^ Temple, Robert D. Edge Effects: The Border-Name Places, (2nd edition, 2009), iUniverse, page 324.
  7. ^ Alberta Speleological Society, Cadomin Cave
  8. ^ Ghost Towns. Cadomin
  9. ^ When Coal Was King: Coal Mining in Western Canada
  10. ^ Melnyk, N. 1942. Lower level operations in a thick steeply pitching seam at Cadomin Coal Mine, Cadomin, Alberta. Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Transactions, vol. XLV, p. 208-223.
  11. ^ Kyba, Daniel and Jane Ross (2001). Exploring the historic Coal Branch. Calgary, Alberta: Rocky Mountain Books, 336 p. ISBN 0-921102-83-6. 
  12. ^ Alberta Source. Rockies, Coal Branch and Nordegg: Overview

Coordinates: 53°01′57″N 117°19′35″W / 53.03246°N 117.32652°W / 53.03246; -117.32652