Caecina Paetus was condemned to death on a charge of disloyalty by the emperor Claudius in 42 AD. He chose to commit suicide rather than face the emperor's wrath. His wife Arria stabbed herself first in order to give him the courage to do this and handed him the dagger saying "Non dolet, Paete!" ("It doesn't hurt, Paetus").
- Pliny, Letters III.xvi.6
- Georges Duby, Michelle Perrot, Pauline Schmitt. A History of Women in the West, Volume I. Belknap Press. 2000
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