Caecum (gastropod)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Caecum (genus))
Jump to: navigation, search
Caecum
A shell of Caecum trachea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Littorinimorpha
Superfamily: Rissooidea
Family: Caecidae
Genus: Caecum
Fleming, 1817
Type species
Caecum tracheum tracheum Montagu, G., 1803
Species

See text.

Synonyms[1]
  • Brochina Gray, 1857
  • Brochus T. Brown, 1827
  • Caecum (Defolinia) Weisbord, 1962
  • Micranellum Bartsch, 1920
  • Odontidium Philippi, 1836
  • Pictocaecum Habe, 1978

Caecum is a genus of minute sea snails, marine gastropod micromolluscs or micromollusks in the family Caecidae or blind shells.[1]

Distribution[edit]

This genus is distributed worldwide in warm and temperate seas. Many species live in sponges, in sandy spots on reefs, or in grassy beds in shallow waters in bays and lagoons. Some species are very common and can be extremely numerous where they do occur, such as the Beautiful Caecum (Caecum pulchellum), but even they can be easily overlooked as they are so tiny. Many species are considered to be uncommon, but this assessment may be a result of lack of proper sampling.

Shell description[edit]

The shells in this genus, like the others in the family,are very small with a length between 2 mm and 6 mm. >Their colour is white to yellowish white and some are almost translucent. They are unusual in that the teleoconch of the adult shell is a curving tube for most of its length. In the first stage of the shell it is spiral-shaped but soon becomes cylindrical. The shell is sealed with a permanent calcareous plug at one end and (when the animal has withdrawn into the shell) with a circular,multispiral, horny operculum at the other end, the shell aperture. The sculpture is smooth or consists of a close-set, large number of annular ridges.

Feeding habits[edit]

These snails feed on one-celled organisms on sand grains or pebbles.

Species[edit]

Species in the genus Caecum include:[1][2]

* Caecum neocaledonicum de Folin, 1867
Subgenera brought into synonymy 
  • Caecum (Defolinia) Weisbord, 1962: synonym of Caecum Fleming, 1813
  • Caecum (Meioceras) Carpenter, 1859: synonym of Meioceras Carpenter, 1859
Species brought into synonymy 
  • Caecum annulatum Emmons, 1858: synonym of Caecum floridanum Stimpson, 1851
  • Caecum berthae Lange de Morretes, 1954: synonym of Caecum plicatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum biminicola Pilsbry, 1951: synonym of Caecum plicatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum buccina de Folin, 1870: synonym of Caecum circumvolutum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum bucheri Parenzan, 1979: synonym of Filogranula annulata (O. G. Costa, 1861)
  • Caecum butoti Jong & Coomans, 1988 : synonym of Caecum marmoratum de Folin, 1869
  • Caecum capitanum de Folin, 1874: synonym of Caecum pulchellum Stimpson, 1851
  • Caecum carmenense de Folin, 1870: synonym of Caecum circumvolutum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum cayoense Rehder, 1943: synonym of Caecum floridanum Stimpson, 1851
  • Caecum clenchi Olsson & McGinty, 1958: synonym of Caecum cycloferum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum conjunctum de Folin, 1867: synonym of Caecum pulchellum Stimpson, 1851
  • Caecum contractum de Folin, 1870: synonym of Caecum bipartitum de Folin, 1870
  • Caecum corneum R. W. Dunker, 1875 : synonym of Caecum ryssotitum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum cornucopiae (Carpenter, 1858) - horn-of-plenty caecum : synonym of Meioceras cornucopiae Carpenter, 1859
  • Caecum coronatum de Folin, 1867: synonym of Caecum imbricatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum coronellum Dall, 1892: synonym of Caecum cycloferum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum costatum A. E. Verrill, 1872: synonym of Caecum cooperi S. I. Smith, 1860
  • Caecum crassicostum Gabb, 1881: synonym of Caecum floridanum Stimpson, 1851
  • Caecum curtatum de Folin, 1867: synonym of Caecum pulchellum Stimpson, 1851
  • Caecum decussatum de Folin, 1869: synonym of Caecum plicatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum dux de Folin, 1871: synonym of Caecum floridanum Stimpson, 1851
  • Caecum eburneum de Folin, 1886: synonym of Caecum folini Kisch, 1959
  • Caecum elagans Deregaslavtseva, 1891: synonym of Caecum trachea (Montagu, 1803)
  • Caecum elegans Perejoslavitseva, 1831 : synonym of Caecum trachea (Montagu, 1803)
  • Caecum fasciatum de Folin, 1876: synonym of Caecum trachea (Montagu, 1803)
  • Caecum formulosum de Folin, 1869: synonym of Caecum imbricatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum fulvum Kisch, 1959: synonym of Caecum neocaledonicum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum heladum Olsson and Harbison, 1953 - fine-line caecum  : synonym of Caecum multicostatum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum heterapex T. Habe, 1963 : synonym of Caecum clarum Lamy, 1910
  • Caecum hinoidei T. Habe, 1978 : synonym of Caecum neocaledonicum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum insigne de Folin, 1867: synonym of Caecum imbricatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum instructum de Folin, 1870: synonym of Caecum bipartitum de Folin, 1870
  • Caecum legumen Hedley, 1904: synonym of Meioceras legumen (Hedley, 1904)
  • Caecum leptoglyphos de Folin, 1881: synonym of Caecum textile de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum lermondi Dall, 1924: synonym of Meioceras nitidum (Stimpson, 1851)
  • Caecum lightfootae Pizzini, Nofroni, Oliverio, 1994 : synonym of Caecum atlantidis Watson, 1897
  • Caecum lilianum Ch. Hedley, 1903 : synonym of Caecum sepimentum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum maculatum T. Habe, 1963 : synonym of Caecum sepimentum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum malleatum var. sublaevis de Folin, 1868: synonym of Caecum modestum de Folin, 1868
  • Caecum nitidum Stimpson, 1851 - little horn caecum: synonym of Meioceras nitidum (Stimpson, 1851)
  • Caecum obesum A. E. Verrill & Bush, 1900 : synonym of Caecum plicatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum orientale de Folin, 1868 : synonym of Caecum clarkii Carpenter, 1859
  • Caecum phronimum de Folin, 1867 : synonym of Caecum floridanum Stimpson, 1851
  • Caecum putnamense Mansfield, 1924 : synonym of Caecum johnsoni Winkley, 1908
  • Caecum rotundum de Folin, 1868 : synonym of Meioceras nitidum (Stimpson, 1851)
  • Caecum saavedrae Beltran, 1965 : synonym of Caecum auriculatum de Folin, 1868
  • Caecum sardinianum de Folin, 1869 : synonym of Caecum clarkii Carpenter, 1859
  • Caecum sculptum de Folin, 1881: synonym of Caecum imbricatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum semitracheum S. Brusina, 1865 : synonym of Caecum clarkii Carpenter, 1859
  • Caecum smithi Cooper, 1872: synonym of Caecum cooperi S. Smith, 1860
  • Caecum solitarium Oliver, 1915 : synonym of Caecum maori Pizzini & Raines, 2006
  • Caecum syriacum de Folin, 1869: synonym of Caecum auriculatum de Folin, 1868
  • Caecum tenue A. E. Verrill & Bush, 1900: synonym of Caecum armoricum de Folin, 1869
  • Caecum termes Heilprin, 1889: synonym of Caecum plicatum Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum tomaculum (Weisbord, 1962) : synonym of Caecum ryssotitum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum triornatum de Folin, 1870: synonym of Caecum bipartitum de Folin, 1870
  • Caecum veracruzanum Collins, 1937 : synonym of Caecum circumvolutum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum vestitum de Folin, 1868 - Vera Cruz caecum: synonym of Caecum circumvolutum de Folin, 1867
Nomina dubia 
  • Caecum abreviatum de Folin, 1870
  • Caecum bicinctum de Folin, 1870
  • Caecum gracile Carpenter, 1858
  • Caecum hemisphericum de Folin, 1867
  • Caecum imperforatum (Kanmacher, 1798)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gofas, S. (2011). Caecum Fleming, 1813. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137718 on 2011-02-04
  2. ^ "Caecum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  3. ^ Protection for wild animals on Schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. website accessed 7 August 2009.
  4. ^ Gastropods.com : Caecum chilense; accessed : 4 February 2011
  5. ^ Gastropods.com : Caecum chipolanum; accessed : 4 February 2011
  6. ^ Gastropods.com : Caecum (Brochina) digitulum; accessed : 4 February 2011
  7. ^ Gastropods.com : Caecum eburneum; accessed : 5 February 2011
  8. ^ Gastropods.com : Caecum imperforatum; accessed : 5 February 2011
  9. ^ Albano, P.G. & Pizzini, M. 2011. Notes on Caecidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from southern Mozambique, with the description of a new species. African Invertebrates 52 (1): 1-10.[1]
  10. ^ Gastropods.com : Caecum insularum; accessed : 5 February 2011
  11. ^ Gastropods.com : Caecum semilaeve; accessed : 5 February 2011
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180–213
  • Spencer, H.; Marshall. B. (2009). All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp
  • Aartsen, J. J. van (1977). Revision of the East Atlantic and Mediterranean Caecidae. - Basteria 41 (1/4): 7-19

External links[edit]